buttressing occurs when a straight row of arches are placed side by side.

Etruscan art was produced by the Etruscan civilization in central Italy between the 10th and 1st centuries BC. From around 750 BC it was heavily influenced by Greek art, which was imported by the Etruscans, but always retained distinct characteristics.

What was the greatest architectural landmark of Byzantine Constantinople?

The largest, most important and still most famous Byzantine church, or indeed any building, is the Hagia Sophia of Constantinople, dedicated to the holy wisdom (hagia sophia) of God. It was built in 532-537 CE during the reign of Justinian I (r.

How does San Vitale differ from the traditional Western Basilica?

How does the shape of the Church of San Vitale in Ravenna differ from traditional basilica design? It is octagonal. What major religious division is evident in the two baptisteries of Ravenna? From 402 to 476, what city served as the western capital of the Roman Empire?

Where are the finest early Byzantine icons preserved?

-Justinian also rebuilt the monastery at Mount Sinai in Egypt, where the finest Early Byzantine icons are preserved.

How did the Byzantines build a Pendentive?

Byzantine engineers turned to the structural use of pendentives to elevate domes to new heights. With this technique, a dome can rise from the top of a vertical cylinder, like a silo, giving height to the dome.

What is a Squinch in architecture?

squinch, in architecture, any of several devices by which a square or polygonal room has its upper corners filled in to form a support for a dome: by corbelling out the courses of masonry, each course projecting slightly beyond the one below; by building one or more arches diagonally across the corner; by building in …

What is a building arcade?

arcade, in architecture, a series of arches carried by columns or piers, a passageway between arches and a solid wall, or a covered walkway that provides access to adjacent shops. … In Renaissance towns such as Bologna, arcades line shops and other buildings.

Why Byzantines use pendentives?

In Byzantine architecture, a supporting structure of four arches with pendentives between them allowed the spaces below domes to be opened up. Pendentives allowed for weight loads to be concentrated at just four points on a more practical square plan, rather than a circle.

What is a branching pattern?

Branching pattern is defined by branch order or its position in the hierarchy of tributaries. … It is suggested that branch angle, length and alteration of leaf orientation may exhibit significant display characters.

What are spirals in nature?

Spirals. A spiral is a curved pattern that focuses on a center point and a series of circular shapes that revolve around it. Examples of spirals are pine cones, pineapples, hurricanes. The reason for why plants use a spiral form like the leaf picture above is because they are constantly trying to grow but stay secure.

How do the kinds of pattern in nature differ?

Patterns in nature are visible regularities of form found in the natural world. These patterns recur in different contexts and can sometimes be modelled mathematically. Natural patterns include symmetries, trees, spirals, meanders, waves, foams, tessellations, cracks and stripes.

What are Pendentives and Squinches associated with?


buttressing occurs when a straight row of arches are placed side by side.



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