explain how both nucleic acids and proteins are polymers

Explain How Both Nucleic Acids And Proteins Are Polymers?

Monomers are the single units that together form a polymer. Explain how both nucleic acids and proteins are polymers. Be sure to describe the monomers that make up the polymers. Both are made of smaller units that are bonded together. Proteins are polymers of amino acids; nucleic acids are polymers of nucleotides.

Why are nucleic acids and proteins considered polymers?

Most large biological molecules are polymers, long chains made up of repeating molecular subunits, or building blocks, called monomers. … Carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and proteins are often found as long polymers in nature. Because of their polymeric nature and their large (sometimes huge!)

How are nucleic acids and proteins similar both?

Nucleic acids contain the same elements as proteins: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen; plus phosphorous (C, H, O, N, and P). Nucleic acids are very large macromolecules composed of repetitive units of the same building blocks, nucleotides, similar to a pearl necklace made of many pearls.

Are proteins are polymers made up of nucleic acids?

The nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), are the molecules responsible for carrying the genetic information of a cell. In the same way that proteins are polymers of amino acids, nucleic acids are long chain “polymers” of nucleotide building blocks.

How are proteins and polymers related?

Proteins are polymers made out of amino acids. They’re naturally occurring, meaning they’re made by animals, plants, bugs, fungi, and other living things – and that includes you! A protein is actually a polyamide (a what?), but more about that later. So, proteins are polymers of amino acids.

What is the polymer of a nucleic acid?

The two main classes of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). If the sugar is ribose, the polymer is RNA; if the sugar is the ribose derivative deoxyribose, the polymer is DNA.

What are the polymers of proteins?

Proteins – polymers are known as polypeptides; monomers are amino acids.

Why are nucleic acids polymers?

Explanation: A polymer is a large molecule that is built up from multiple smaller building blocks in a repetitive manner. The building blocks of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA are nucleotides (see image). … Both DNA and RNA are polymers.

How are nucleic acid polymers formed?

DNA and RNA polymers are constructed by forming phosphodiester bonds between nucleotides. … This arrangement is called the “sugar-phosphate backbone” of DNA or RNA; the bases hang off to the side. In the cell, DNA or RNA polymers are synthesized using nucleoside triphosphate monomers as precursors.

Is protein a polymer?

Proteins are polymers in which the 20 natural amino acids are linked by amide bonds. … These nonribosomal peptides and amino acids often play an important role in structural and functional proteins.

Is the monomer of protein polymer?

Biomacromolecules are large biological polymers, such as nucleic acids, proteins, and carbohydrates, that are made up of monomers linked together. For example, proteins are composed of monomers called amino acids.

Which element is found in both proteins and nucleic acids?

A: All biochemical compounds contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; and proteins as well as nucleic acids contain nitrogen.

What are lipids polymers?

Lipids create a unique type of polymer, known for being a key component of cell membranes and hormones. Where most polymers are long chains of identical, repeating carbon-containing molecules known as monomers, lipid polymers contain an additional, nonidentical molecule attached to each monomer chain.

What is polymers of amino acids?

Proteins are polymers of amino acids. Each amino acid contains a central carbon, a hydrogen, a carboxyl group, an amino group, and a variable R group.

How are proteins polymers of amino acids?

Proteins consist of amino acids conjugated by peptide bonds, which is a type of amide bond formed from a carboxyl group and an amino group in α-amino acids (except for one case). This special type of amide bond is called as a peptide bond and the large molecules (polymers) thus obtained are polypeptides.

What is a protein and why is it a polymer what happened to the protein with the addition of three chemicals and why?

Proteins (a polymer) are macromolecules composed of amino acid subunits (the monomers ). These amino acids are covalently attached to one another to form long linear chains called polypeptides, which then fold into a specific three-dimensional shape.

What are the polymers of nucleotides?

A nucleotide is the basic building block of nucleic acids. RNA and DNA are polymers made of long chains of nucleotides. A nucleotide consists of a sugar molecule (either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA) attached to a phosphate group and a nitrogen-containing base.

What are the monomer and polymer of nucleic acids?

In case of nucleic acids, monomers are the nucleotides composed of nitrogenous base, pentose sugar, and phosphate group whereas DNA and RNA are considered as polymer of nucleic acids. DNA and RNA are composed of monomers termed as nucleotides.

What is the monomer of proteins called of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acid monomers are called nucleotides; protein monomers are called amino acids; lipid monomers are called fatty acids; and carbohydrate monomers are called monosaccharides (MAH-nuh-SA-kuh-riyd). All types of monomers are organic molecules, meaning that they contain carbon-to-carbon bonds.

Which of the following is a polymer of amino acids?

Notes: Proteins are the polymers of amino acids. They have generally 20 to 1000 amino acids joined together in a highly organized arrangement.

What is polymer and monomer?

Monomers are small molecules, mostly organic, that can join with other similar molecules to form very large molecules, or polymers. … Polymers are a class of synthetic substances composed of multiples of simpler units called monomers. Polymers are chains with an unspecified number of monomeric units.

What are two polymers for nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids are the polymers themselves, the most common of them being DNA and RNA.

What element do both proteins and nucleic acids have that carbohydrates and lipids do not?


element found in proteins but not carbohydrates or lipids nitrogen
three parts of a nucleotide phosphate, sugar, base
element found in nucleic acids, but not proteins, carbs, or lipids phosphorus
provides quick energy; also can be part of cell membrane, acting as an identification tag carbohydrates

When did polymers from nucleotides?

How is protein synthesized?

Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to mRNA in the nucleus. … After a polypeptide chain is synthesized, it may undergo additional processing to form the finished protein.

What are the monomer and polymer of proteins?

The building blocks of proteins are amino acids, which contain elements such as H,N,O,C, and more. They are the monomers of the proteins. So, the monomer will be the amino acids, and the polymer will be the proteins themselves.

What are the monomers and polymers of protein give an example of a protein?

Examples of biological monomers and polymers:

Monomers Polymers
Monosaccharides (simple sugars) Polysaccharides
Amino-acids Polypeptides and proteins
Nucleotides Nucleic acids

Why proteins are called biological polymer?

Also, mostly enzymes which carry out the biological reactions are proteinaceous in nature. The natural polymers play a crucial role as they are used to build tissues and other components in living organisms. This is the reason that proteins are called biological polymers.

How are monomers made into polymers?

The monomers combine with each other using covalent bonds to form larger molecules known as polymers. In doing so, monomers release water molecules as byproducts. … At the same time, the monomers share electrons and form covalent bonds. As additional monomers join, this chain of repeating monomers forms a polymer.

What do nucleic acids and proteins have in common quizlet?

Which of the following do nucleic acids and proteins have in common? They are large polymers. You just studied 38 terms!

Which is an important component of protein and nucleic acid?

Nucleic acids also typically contain phosphorous, and nitrogen plays an important structural role in nucleic acids and proteins. The proteins, being made up a diverse set of amino acids, have, in addition to carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, the elements sulfur and selenium.

What do nucleic acids and amino acids have in common?

Similarities Between Nucleic Acid and Amino Acid

Both nucleic acid and amino acid are two biomolecules inside the cell. Both nucleic acid and amino acid are made up of C, H, O, and N. Nucleic acids are related to amino acids in protein synthesis.

What are the polymers of each macromolecule?

As we’ve learned, there are four major classes of biological macromolecules:

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