how can both surface and underground mining affect miners health

One of the effects of irresponsible mining is water pollution and can include contamination of metals, increased in sediment levels in streams, and acid mine drainage.

What are the impacts of mining on the health of the minerals and the environment?

The extraction of minerals from nature often creates imbalances, which adversely affect the environment. The key environmental impacts of mining are on wildlife and fishery habitats, the water balance, local climates & the pattern of rainfall,sedimentation, the depletion of forests and the disruption of the ecology.

What are the diseases and risks faced by the miners?

Health problems of gold miners who worked underground include decreased life expectancy; increased frequency of cancer of the trachea, bronchus, lung, stomach, and liver; increased frequency of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), silicosis, and pleural diseases; increased frequency of insect-borne diseases, such as malaria …

How mining activities are injurious to the health of the miners and the environment?

Mining is injurious to miners and environment because: … The dust and noxious fumes from the mining areas can cause pulmonary diseases for those inhaling it. 2. There’s a constant risk of collapsing mine roofs, inundations, and fires in the area.

What are the effects of these problems to people’s health land pollution?

Land pollution effects

As land pollution and soil erosion progress, animals are forced to shift habitats and adapt to new conditions. As a result, some species are at risk of extinction. The potential effects of soil contamination on human health include breathing disorders, birth defects, skin diseases, and cancer.

What will be the impact of these environmental problems in people’s health?

Environmental hazards increase the risk of cancer, heart disease, asthma, and many other illnesses. These hazards can be physical, such as pollution, toxic chemicals, and food contaminants, or they can be social, such as dangerous work, poor housing conditions, urban sprawl, and poverty.

What are advantages and disadvantages of mining?

Top 10 Mining Pros & Cons – Summary List

Mining Pros Mining Cons
Higher tax income for governments Habitat destruction
Mining is crucial for technological progress Biodiversity loss
Mining is a mature technology Endangerment of species
Processes around mining are quite efficient Mining can lead to ecological imbalance

What are two safe practices that miners must follow to avoid hazards?

Safe Mining Practices: 18 Mine Safety Tips

  • Prioritize Planning. …
  • Maintain Rigorous Standards. …
  • Wear Personal Protective Gear. …
  • Pay Attention to Equipment Upkeep. …
  • Improve Visibility. …
  • Take Lifting Precautions. …
  • Manage Vibration and Noise Levels. …
  • Account for Harsh Temperatures.

How does surface mining affect an ecosystem quizlet?

Surface mines are the most damaging to the environment, because they cause the greatest amount of change to the land. Surface mines involve the removal of earth to extract minerals, often leaving a gaping hole behind.

In what ways does mining negatively impact the environment quizlet?

Mining can have bad effects on surrounding surface and ground water if protective measures are not taken. The result can be unnaturally high concentrations of some chemicals, such as arsenic, sulfuric acid, and mercury over a significant area of surface or subsurface.

Why does mining have such an impact on the environment quizlet?

Mining has a large impact on the environment because minerals are contained within the Earth. Earth must be removed in order to extract the minerals. When the minerals are close to the surface, the earth is removed, causing destruction to the shape of the land and the flora and fauna living in that area.

How can irresponsible mining affect people?

It destroys river banks, and changes how the river flows, where it flows, what lives in it, etc. Toxins used in the extraction of minerals (for example cyanide and byproducts like mercury) can permanently pollute the land, which makes people not able to farm in certain places.

What are the negative effects of mining in the Philippines?

These mining operations have detrimental effects on the environment, and lead to conflict and potential loss of territories for the indigenous peoples of the Philippines, as well as a loss of indigenous culture.

How are mining ores surface and underground?

Underground mining is used to recover ores that are deeper into Earth’s surface. Miners blast and tunnel into rock to gain access to the ores. An underground ore deposit can be approached from above, below, or sideways. … Fresh air and lights must also be brought into the tunnels for the miners.

How does digging cause and impact on the environment?

Environmental impacts of mining can occur at local, regional, and global scales through direct and indirect mining practices. Impacts can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, or the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by the chemicals emitted from mining processes.

Which one of the following is a problem associated with underground mining?

Mining has several adverse impacts including air, water and soil pollution, socio-economic problems and effect on wildlife population and their behaviour. … As the deposits near the surface are exhausted underground mining may become cost competitive.

What health problems are caused by underground coal mining?

Exposure to coal mine dust causes various pulmonary diseases, including coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). 2. Coal miners are also exposed to crystalline silica dust, which causes silicosis, COPD, and other diseases.

What problems did miners face?

Some miners were injured in explosions or electrocuted. Others fell off ladders, slipped on rocks, inhaled silica dust, or suffered from mercury, lead or arsenic poisoning. Many got sick from drinking dirty water and living too close together.

What can be done to prevent mining from becoming a killer industry?


  1. Don’t Ignore the Danger.
  2. Dangerous Tasks Require Planning and Communication.
  3. Get Professional Training.
  4. Always Wear Safety Equipment.
  5. Supervise Your Team.
  6. Document Your Safety Procedures.
  7. Follow the Latest Safety Standards.

How soil pollution affect health?

Soil pollution can have a number of harmful effects on ecosystems and human, plants and animal health. … Soil pollution can also cause neuromuscular blockage as well as depression of the central nervous system, headaches, nausea, fatigue, eye irritation and skin rash.

How does soil pollution affect human health?

Effects of Soil Pollution on Human Health

Living, working, or playing in contaminated soil can lead to respiratory diseases, skin diseases, and other health problems. Diseases caused by soil pollution include Irritation of the skin and the eyes, Headaches, nausea, vomiting, Coughing, pain in the chest, and wheezing.

What are the effects of ground pollution?

Effects of Land Pollution

Polluted soil, which leads to a loss of fertile land for agriculture. Climate change, which causes an onslaught of disastrous problems, including flash floods and irregular rainfalls. The endangerment and extinction of species in wildlife.

How can a healthy community and environment affect the health of the people?

Clean air and water, sanitation and green spaces, safe workplaces can enhance people’s quality of life: reduced mortality and morbidity, healthier lifestyles, improved productivity of workers and their families, improve lives of women, children and elderly and are crucial to mental health.

In what ways are environmental health and human health connected?

Human health and well-being are intimately linked to the state of the environment. Good quality natural environments provide basic needs, in terms of clean air and water, fertile land for food production, and energy and material inputs for production.

How does a healthy environment impact our health and community?

The environment directly affects health status and plays a major role in quality of life, years of healthy life lived, and health disparities. Poor air quality is linked to premature death, cancer, and long-term damage to respiratory and cardiovascular systems.

What are the disadvantages of underground mining?

Although there are opponents and proponents of underground mining, the disadvantages include destruction of land, surface subsidence, abandoned shafts, extensive surface spoil heaps, mine explosions, collapses and flooding. That doesn’t incorporate the costly price tag that comes with underground mining.

How is mining affecting the environment?

Across the world, mining contributes to erosion, sinkholes, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, significant use of water resources, dammed rivers and ponded waters, wastewater disposal issues, acid mine drainage and contamination of soil, ground and surface water, all of which can lead to health issues in local …

How can we avoid the harmful effects of mining?

Discover five ways the mining industry can reduce environmental impact and make its practices more sustainable.

  1. Lower-Impact Mining Techniques. …
  2. Reusing Mining Waste. …
  3. Eco-Friendly Equipment. …
  4. Rehabilitating Mining Sites. …
  5. Shutting Down Illegal Mining.

Why is underground mining hazardous?

Strata Control. In underground mining, it is essential to control the strata to maintain stability. … Other underground mining hazards are associated with fire, flood, inrush, gas, vapors, dust, blasting, machinery, noise, heat, and airborne particulates.


Surface Mining – 1.1 Introduction

Surface Miner and Different Aspect related to sophisticated surface miner

Coal Mining’s Environmental Impact | From The Ashes

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