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Terms in this set (21)
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico. … at first, spain let the conquistadors govern the lands hey had conquored. However, the land was not succsessful. In order to control its new empire, spain created a formal system of government to rule its colonies.
At its greatest extent, the Spanish crown claimed on the mainland of the Americas much of North America south of Canada, that is: all of present-day Mexico and Central America except Panama; most of present-day United States west of the Mississippi River, plus the Floridas.
In the 15th century, Christopher Columbus sailed to the Americas and brought with him the Castilian Spanish language. … As the children and adolescents grew, the Spanish language started to spread and expand. As Catholicism grew, so did the use of the Spanish language as the primary form of communication.
Slow growth due to greater emphasis on military conquest, poor relations with Native Americans, and numerous early failures to establish permanent settle- ments. Largest Spanish populations were in Florida, Texas, California, and Mexico.
The area of St. Augustine was first claimed for Spain by Juan Ponce de León, the explorer who first spotted Florida on April 2, 1513. But the real Spanish connection to Florida doesn’t establish itself until 52 years later, when a contingent under the command of Pedro Menéndez de Avilés founded the settlement.
Seven decades later, a rival group of Europeans gave the region the name Virginia to honor their Queen Elizabeth, the “virgin queen.” Spanish explorers mapped the North American coastline north of Florida up to Newfoundland, Labrador, and Greenland by 1501.
Columbus’s discovery opened a floodgate of Spanish exploration. Inspired by tales of rivers of gold and timid, malleable native peoples, later Spanish explorers were relentless in their quest for land and gold. Spanish explorers with hopes of conquest in the New World were known as conquistadores.
How were European and Native American Cultures blended in New Spain? Spanish settlers brought their own culture to the colonies by introducing their language, laws, religion and learning. Colonist adopted Indian foods and Indian clothing such as; moccasins and the poncho.
Spain grew rich from the gold and silver it found after conquering native civilizations in Mexico and South America.
Missionaries themselves were motivated by the desire to construct the Americas as the site of pure Christianity. Many clergy ventured to the Americas to preach what they felt was a purer form of Christianity, and to redeem the souls of the indigenous peoples.
How did the Spanish organize their colonies? The colonies were divided into Viceroyalties (like states), and each was overseen by a viceroy. … A council that met in Spain and made sure the viceroy never became too powerful. They made the laws for the provinces.
The group spent the next four years traveling throughout the modern-day American southwest by foot. Although a debate remains about exactly what route they took, historians believe that they traveled through modern-day Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico.
The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain. They were then called Las Felipinas. … Although the books were banned, they were smuggled into the Philippines and widely read.
Spanish colonialism began with the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi’s expedition on February 13, 1565, from Mexico. He established the first permanent settlement in Cebu. Much of the archipelago came under Spanish rule, creating the first unified political structure known as the Philippines.
When the Spanish conquered the Americas, they brought in their own religion. Hundreds of Native Americans converted to Christianity. Churches, monasteries, shrines and parishes were built. This was one of the Spanish’s main goals in colonization, as well as giving Spain more power.
Spain gained goods from America such as gold and silver, and they also used Native Americans to farm for them. How did Spain benefit from the conquest and colonization of the Americas? The encomienda system was a system of forced labor. … When the encomienda system was ended, the slavery of Indians was also prohibited.
How did Spanish conquest of Central and South America transform Native American cultures? Conquistadores conquered territory in Caribbean, Mexico and Central and South America during 17th century. Catholics tried converting Indians to Christianity. Spanish conquerors cruelly exploited Indians as laborers.
The main goal of the California missions was to convert Native Americans into devoted Christians and Spanish citizens. Spain used mission work to influence the natives with cultural and religious instruction.