how did the environment affect imperial expansion

What were some of the environmental impacts of colonization?

Colonization ruptured many ecosystems, bringing in new organisms while eliminating others. The Europeans brought many diseases with them that decimated Native American populations. Colonists and Native Americans alike looked to new plants as possible medicinal resources.

What factors drove the process of imperial expansion?

Mass-produced steel, electric power and oil as sources of energy, industrial chemistry, and the internal-combustion engine helped additional states, including Germany, the United States, and, eventually, Japan, to join the colonial scramble on roughly equal footing.

What were the key environmental factors that led to ecological imperialism?

Ecological imperialism is the theory, advanced first by Alfred Crosby, that European settlers were successful in colonization of other regions because of their accidental or deliberate introduction of animals, plants, and disease leading to major shifts in the ecology of the colonized areas and to population collapses …

What are two major reasons for European imperial expansion around the world?

In the late 1800’s, economic, political and religious motives prompted European nations to expand their rule over other regions with the goal to make the empire bigger. The Industrial Revolution of the 1800’s created a need for natural resources to fuel the newly invented machinery and transportation.

What environmental challenges did West pose to commercial enterprises and individual settlers?

What environmental challenges did the West pose to commercial enterprises and individual settlers? Prolonged droughts, plagues of insects, and extreme summer and winter temperatures made agriculture, as well as day-to-day life, extremely difficult.

What impact did Europeans have on their new world environments native peoples and their communities as well as land plants and animals?

Along with new plants and animals, Europeans also brought deadly diseases. This biological exchange had the greatest impact of all on Native Americans. Native people had no resistance to such diseases as measles, smallpox, mumps, whooping cough, influenza, chicken pox, and typhus.

What were the 3 main reasons for European imperialism in Africa?

The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution.

How did imperialism affect the development of the domestic economies of imperial states?

Imperialism adversely affected the colonies. Under foreign rule, native culture and industry were destroyed. Imported goods wiped out local craft industries. By using colonies as sources of raw materials and markets for manufactured goods, colonial powers held back the colonies from developing industries.

How did imperialism affect the world?

Imperialism has been one of the dominant forces shaping world geography and politics. … Imperialism helped make African countries poor and chaotic. Imperial powers ran African countries for their own good, not that of the native people. They created economies that focused on helping the Europeans’ economies.

What impact did imperialism have on Latin America’s environment?

The two main effects Imperialism in Latin America and Southeast Asia were cultural changes and depopulation. Cultural changes in Latin America was the practice of syncretic religions, while in Southeast Asia it was the establishment of Western Education.

Who gave a nation of ecological imperialism?

A theory conceived by Alfred Crosby in his 1986 book Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900–1900, which proposes that colonization was not only a form of cultural and political tyranny, it was also a form of environmental terrorism.

What is ecological Imperialism quizlet?

Europeans gained immunities. significance. It is the introduction of biological and ecological factors, such as pathogens and animals, and the ways in which this grated to the Europeans advantages which greatly aided in their conquering of the (Native) Americans.

How did imperialism affect the industrial revolution?

The Industrial Revolution was linked to imperialism in that the Industrial Revolution created a demand for more raw materials and additional markets in which to sell products, which countries acquired by taking control of or influencing other countries.

What were the effects of new imperialism?

There were new crops; tools and farming methods, which helped, increase food production. These changes meant less death to smaller colonies, and overall improve the state of living. They now could live longer and have better sanitation compared to the earlier imperialism.

Which of the following effects did imperialism frequently have on colonies?

The long term effects of imperialism on the colonized people are political changes such as changing the government reflect upon European traditions, economic changes that made colonies create resources for factories, and cultural changes that made people convert their religion.

How did westward expansion affect the environment?

What would be the environmental economic and social toll of westward expansion? The environment would take an impact from mining, the land would become cultivated and all farmed. The buffalo population would go almost entirely extinct.

What challenges did settlers face in the West?

Once they embarked, settlers faced numerous challenges: oxen dying of thirst, overloaded wagons, and dysentery, among others. Trails were poorly marked and hard to follow, and travelers often lost their way. Guidebooks attempted to advise travelers, but they were often unreliable.

What were the pros and cons of Westward Expansion?

Terms in this set (10)

  • Pro #1: There was territorial expansion. …
  • Pro #2: It brought more land for farming and improvement. …
  • Pro #3: It was good for trade and industry. …
  • Pro #4: As it doubled the land area of the U.S., it also increased goods, services and wealth. …
  • Pro #5: …
  • Pro #6: …
  • Con #1: …
  • Con #2.

What impact did European exploration have on the Americas?

Some basic effects of Europeans coming to North America are that the Native Americans caught new diseases which included smallpox, influenza, measles, and chicken pox. Explorers used superior fire power, like single shot muskets, to conquer natives.

How did European expansion affect Native Americans quizlet?

How did European expansion impact Native American society? Badly, their land was taken and most were killed from sicknesses foreign to them.

How did European exploration impact the new world?

HOW DID EXPLORATION AFFECT THE WORLD? European countries brought many lands under their control. The world was opened up and new crops were introduced from one land to another. … In the NEW WORLD, many native peoples died because they had no resistance to the European diseases that explorers and crews brought with them.

What were the causes and effects of European imperialism?

Due to imperialism, some aspects of life, such as education, transportation and medicine improved in Africa. Many Africans strayed from their tribal beliefs and began adopting western beliefs, leading to internal conflict. Competition increased and conflict grew between imperial powers.

What was the impact of imperialism on Africa?

Imperialism disrupted traditional African ways of life, political organization, and social norms. European imperialism turned subsistence farming into large-scale commodity exports and patriarchal social structures into European-dominated hierarchies and imposed Christianity and Western ideals.

Why was Western imperialism so successful?

Why was western Imperialism so successful? Europeans had strong economies, powerful militaries, improved medical technologies, well organized governments. … Missionaries, doctors, and colonial officials felt they had the duty to “spread”medicine, law, and the Christian religion.

How did imperialism damage cultures?

Such actions exacerbated existing ethnic rivalries or initiated long-lasting intra-societal conflicts. In addition, the artificial borders created during the colonial period disrupted societies and broke apart ethnic and religious groups, further contributing to the demise of many cultures.

How did imperialism affect economy?

It violently jolted their entire development and drastically altered its course. By breaking up the age-old patterns of their agrarian economy, and by forcing shifts to the production of exportable crops, western capitalism destroyed the self-sufficiency of the underdeveloped country–that is, its rural society.

How did imperialism affect Africa economically?

Europeans changed the economy from a model of producing foods for need to mainly the production of cash crops. All crops produced by Africans were exported and prices were set by the colonies. Africans were not allowed to grow these cash crops to benefit themselves.

What were the positive and negative effects of imperialism?

Imperialism led to further protection of human rights for indigenous people. … Although imperialism led to other good results, it also caused many negative situations and events such as slavery. Because of early contact with Europeans and Africans, there are now cultures such as; African-American.

Who did imperialism benefit the most?

European colonial powers benefited most from imperialism.

How did imperialism affect Central America?

In the early 19th century, most of the nations of Latin America fought their wars of independence, freeing themselves from the colonial control of Spain. Other, stronger powers were thus able to invest heavily in Latin American economies, giving them lots of influence over the new governments. …

What were the consequences of imperialism for the west United States and Europe?

The long term effects of imperialism on the colonized people are political changes such as changing the government reflect upon European traditions, economic changes that made colonies create resources for factories, and cultural changes that made people convert their religion.

How did European imperialism impact the Ottoman Empire?

How did European Imperialism affect the Ottoman Empire? Russia and Asia-Hungary nibbled away at the Ottoman provinces in Europe. … During WWI, the Ottoman Empire sided with Germany against Russia, Britain, and France. However, defeat caused the Ottoman Empire to lose its provinces, which were given away to other places.

What does ecology deal with?


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