how did the two industrial revolutions differ

The Industrial Revolution transformed economies that had been based on agriculture and handicrafts into economies based on large-scale industry, mechanized manufacturing, and the factory system. New machines, new power sources, and new ways of organizing work made existing industries more productive and efficient.

How did the first and second industrial revolutions in the United States compare what were their similarities What were their differences?

Both revolutions depended on vast imports of goods, and both led to huge economic growth. The first industrial revolution gave rise to textiles, railroads, iron, and coal. The second was built on steel, electricity, chemicals, and petroleum.

Which statement describes both the first and Second Industrial Revolution?

Which statement describes both the First and Second Industrial Revolution? Both revolutions produced technologies that improved productivity. Which entrepreneur had a significant impact on the cosmetics industry?

How did the second industrial revolution change society?

Rapid advances in the creation of steel, chemicals and electricity helped fuel production, including mass-produced consumer goods and weapons. It became far easier to get around on trains, automobiles and bicycles. At the same time, ideas and news spread via newspapers, the radio and telegraph.

What was it like before the industrial revolution?

Before industrialization, most European countries had economies dominated by farming and artisan crafts such as hand-woven cloth. … Machines became widely used in farming, and consequently, farms required fewer workers. Large, technologically advanced farms replaced subsistence farms.

What change characterized the second industrial revolution?

The second phase of industrialization, lasting from roughly 1820 to 1900, was characterized by the advent of large-scale iron and steel production, the application of the steam engine, and the development of a railway system.

What are the disadvantages of Industrial Revolution?

Although there are several positives to the Industrial Revolution there were also many negative elements, including: poor working conditions, poor living conditions, low wages, child labor, and pollution.

Was the Industrial Revolution good or bad?

Life generally improved, but the industrial revolution also proved harmful. Pollution increased, working conditions were harmful, and capitalists employed women and young children, making them work long and hard hours. The industrial revolution was a time for change. … Machines were used to make many things.

What were the differences in industrialization between Europe the United States and Japan?

Europe and America had to develop one thing at a time over a course of many years, they did however make a huge diFerence in their industrialization, Japan on the other hand rapidly grew during the revolution, new factories and technologies around every corner. How did the arts change during the Industrial Revolution?

Which of the following is an effect of the Second Industrial Revolution?

The Second Industrial Revolution transformed society in significant ways. Among the social effects that caused this revolution can include: Urbanization increased rapidly. The population moved into hastily built housing in cities to be nearer to the factories.

How did the Industrial Revolution change the role of workers select three options?

How did the Industrial Revolution change the role of workers? … Workers made products in large factories. Workers used machines for repetitive tasks. Workers made products on a large scale.

What major population shifted in late 1800s?

Which demographic shift occurred in the United States in the late nineteenth century as a result of industrialization? Northerners moved to the Sun Belt states. Rural residents moved into urban areas. Working class people left the cities to move to the suburbs.

What was the Second Industrial Revolution and what effects did it have on economic and social life?

*second industrial revolution was the outburst of “steel, chemicals, electricity, and petroleum.” *The effect of European economic and social life was that living conditions got extremely better, Germany emerged on top with mass production. *There was a significant population increase.

What was the most important result of the Second Industrial Revolution?

depleting natural resources.

What were the causes and effects of the Second Industrial Revolution?

The second industrial revolution was said to be between 1870 and 1914, after the civil war[1]. … The main causes of the second industrial revolution were due to: natural resources, abundant labor supply, strong government policy, new sources of power, railroads and American inventors and inventions.

What is the difference of industrial and post industrial societies?

An industrial society features a labor theory based on value, and industry develops proceeds with the creation of labor-saving devices which substitute capital for labor. In a post-industrial society, knowledge is the basis for invention and innovation. It creates added value, increases returns and saves capital.

Who invented the spinning jenny?

Spinning jenny/Inventors
James Hargreaves’ ‘Spinning Jenny’, the patent for which is shown here, would revolutionise the process of cotton spinning. The machine used eight spindles onto which the thread was spun, so by turning a single wheel, the operator could now spin eight threads at once.

When and why did the Industrial Revolution start?

The Industrial Revolution began in the 18th century, when agricultural societies became more industrialized and urban. The transcontinental railroad, the cotton gin, electricity and other inventions permanently changed society.

What were the two main focuses of the Second Industrial Revolution?

While the First Industrial Revolution caused the growth of industries, such as coal, iron, railroads and textiles, the Second Industrial Revolution witnessed the expansion of electricity, petroleum and steel.

How did the Second Industrial Revolution affect the North?

The Second Industrial Revolution affected the North, South, West, and Midwest with changes such as population, transportation, and economy changes. These railroads connected cities and were used to transport natural resources and goods from manufacturers to other places.

What were the pros and cons of the Industrial Revolution?

The Rise of the Machines: Pros and Cons of the Industrial…

  • Pro: Goods Became More Affordable and More Accessible. …
  • Pro: The Rapid Evolution of Labor-Saving Inventions. …
  • Pro: The Rapid Evolution of Medicine. …
  • Pro: Enhanced Wealth and Quality of Life of the Average Person. …
  • Pro: The Rise of Specialist Professions.

What were the advantages and disadvantages of Industrial Revolution?

The Industrial Revolution later brought about many more kinds of goods as well. The major disadvantages were largely social. The Industrial Revolution brought huge numbers of people out of the countryside and into big cities to work in factories. Their jobs were often dangerous and did not pay much.

What were the two main drawbacks of the industrial sector during colonial rule?

There was very minimal appreciation of the labor forces and compensation of the employees by the colonial regime therefore the workers motivation was very low, with low motivation the workers input will definitely go down low input will obviously lead to lower rates of industrials potential output therefore hindered …

Did the Industrial Revolution help the poor?

The Industrial Revolution brought squalor and impoverished the poor. Life for poor people, which meant most people, was pretty miserable before the Industrial Revolution. … Movement into the towns and factories spurred by the Industrial Revolution was a step up for the overwhelming majority. They earned wages.

What was it like to live in the Industrial Revolution?

The living conditions in the cities and towns were miserable and characterized by: overcrowding, poor sanitation, spread of diseases, and pollution. As well, workers were paid low wages that barely allowed them to afford the cost of living associated with their rent and food.

Why were the effects of the Industrial Revolution be considered both positive and negative?

The positive effects of Industrialization are that it made work cheaper, employed thousands of workers, and improved people’s daily lives. Then the negative effects of Industrialization are exploitation of workers, overpopulation in urban cities and environmental damages.

In what ways did the Industrial Revolution in the US differ from the Industrial Revolution in Russia?

Industrialization in the United States took place in one of the Western world’s most exuberant democracies, while Russia’s took place in the last outpost of absolute monarchy, in which the state exercised far greater control over individuals and society than anywhere in the Western world.

What were the differences between industrialization in the United States and Russia?

In the United States the spark for industrialization came from the people (free farmers, workers, businessmen) who were seeking new opportunities brought by the Industrial Revolution. Industrialization in Russia came from the state as an effort to “catch up” with the rest of the modern world.

How did industrialization in the United States differ from industrialization in Britain?

One important difference is that the first major industry in the United States was transportation. … In Britain, Industrialization was born with large scale textile production rather than means of transportation, including the invention of the water frame, flying shuttle, and spinning mule.

What are the differences between the first and Second Industrial Revolution?

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