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Warm and cold ocean currents can affect the climate of coastal regions, but only when local winds blow in from the sea. Warm currents heat the air over the ocean and bring higher temperatures over land. Cold currents can lower air temperatures and can bring colder temperatures over land.
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas.
Bodies of water release /absorb heat from the atmosphere much slower than the nearby land. This makes the land areas feel cooler / warmer than the areas closest to water.
The weather throughout the year in the cities which are located close to water bodies have temperatures in a narrow range throughout the year. Complete answer: … The water bodies like the Ocean of the region north and south of the tropic allow the release of heat in winter and during summer, it soaks up heat.
Increased heat, drought and insect outbreaks, all linked to climate change, have increased wildfires. Declining water supplies, reduced agricultural yields, health impacts in cities due to heat, and flooding and erosion in coastal areas are additional concerns.
The ocean influences weather and climate by storing solar radiation, distributing heat and moisture around the globe, and driving weather systems. … Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds.
Rain or snowmelt in high elevations flows downhill in many streams which collect in lower elevations to form a river that flows downhill to an ocean. 3. Water moving across the earth in streams and rivers pushes along soil and breaks down pieces of rock in a process called erosion.
Latitude and Altitude
If you live close to the equator, the climate will be warmer, while moving north or south from the equator brings a cooler climate. Altitude, or how high one is above sea level, has a similar effect–the higher the elevation, the colder the climate.
The six factors that affect (influence) the temperature are: (1) elevation (altitude), (2) latitude, (3) proximity of large bodies of water, (4) ocean currents, (5) proximity of mountain ranges (topography), (6) prevailing and seasonal winds.
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.
The National found out the five main culprits for this increase in greenhouse gases.
The five factors that determine the weather of any land area are: the amount of solar energy received because of latitude; the area’s elevation or proximity to mountains; nearness to large bodies of water and relative temperatures of land and water; the number of such storm systems as cyclones, hurricanes, and …
Climate is usually described in terms of the mean and variability of temperature, precipitation and wind over a period of time, ranging from months to millions of years (the classical period is 30 years).
What are the six major controls of the climate of the world? Answer: Latitude: Due to the round shape of the Earth, the amount of solar energy received varies according to latitude. … Pressure and winds: Pressure and wind system of an area depend on the latitude and altitude of the place.
Large bodies of water, such as oceans, seas and large lakes, can affect the climate of an area. Water heats and cools more slowly than landmasses. Therefore, the coastal regions will stay cooler in summer and warmer in winter, thus creating a more moderate climate with a narrower temperature range.
To summarize, large bodies of water tend to moderate the temperature of nearby land due to the high heat capacity of water. This high heat capacity results from both the higher specific heat of water and the mixing of heat throughout a greater depth over oceans.
Ocean currents influence the climate and economic activities of coastal regions in the following ways: Warm currents raise the temperature along the coast, while cold currents drop the temperature along the coast. … Winds blowing over warm currents result in a good amount of rainfall, as they get moisture-laden.
On the surface, the greatest factor affecting Earth is sunlight. Sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate by creating temperature gradients in the atmosphere and oceans.
The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. … Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture. One side of mountain can be dry while the other side is full of vegetation. Mountains can cause a physical barrier to rain clouds.
When heat is absorbed, hydrogen bonds are broken and water molecules can move freely. When the temperature of water decreases, the hydrogen bonds are formed and release a considerable amount of energy. Water has the highest specific heat capacity of any liquid.
Water absorbs heat by vibrating and rotating. The vibrations can be the stretching or bending of the chemical bonds between hydrogen and oxygen. Answer 4: … If the water is cooler than the air, then heat energy will “flow” from the air into the water until the temperatures are equal.