how do bodies of water affect climate

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

How do ocean currents affect the climate of coastal regions?

Warm and cold ocean currents can affect the climate of coastal regions, but only when local winds blow in from the sea. Warm currents heat the air over the ocean and bring higher temperatures over land. Cold currents can lower air temperatures and can bring colder temperatures over land.

Which of the following has the most influence on a region’s climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas.

Do bodies of water release or absorb heat?

Bodies of water release /absorb heat from the atmosphere much slower than the nearby land. This makes the land areas feel cooler / warmer than the areas closest to water.

How does the location of big water bodies influence the climate of different places give at least one example?

The weather throughout the year in the cities which are located close to water bodies have temperatures in a narrow range throughout the year. Complete answer: … The water bodies like the Ocean of the region north and south of the tropic allow the release of heat in winter and during summer, it soaks up heat.

Which of the following shows the effect of climate change?

Increased heat, drought and insect outbreaks, all linked to climate change, have increased wildfires. Declining water supplies, reduced agricultural yields, health impacts in cities due to heat, and flooding and erosion in coastal areas are additional concerns.

How do mountains and oceans affect climate?

The ocean influences weather and climate by storing solar radiation, distributing heat and moisture around the globe, and driving weather systems. … Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds.

How do Earth’s landforms affect Earth’s water supplies?

Rain or snowmelt in high elevations flows downhill in many streams which collect in lower elevations to form a river that flows downhill to an ocean. 3. Water moving across the earth in streams and rivers pushes along soil and breaks down pieces of rock in a process called erosion.

How does Latitude altitude distance from bodies of water and landforms affect climate?

Latitude and Altitude

If you live close to the equator, the climate will be warmer, while moving north or south from the equator brings a cooler climate. Altitude, or how high one is above sea level, has a similar effect–the higher the elevation, the colder the climate.

What are the six main factors that affect climate?

The six factors that affect (influence) the temperature are: (1) elevation (altitude), (2) latitude, (3) proximity of large bodies of water, (4) ocean currents, (5) proximity of mountain ranges (topography), (6) prevailing and seasonal winds.

What are the 4 factors that cause climate?

Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.

What are the five factors that cause climate change?

The National found out the five main culprits for this increase in greenhouse gases.

  • Fossil fuels. Expand Autoplay. …
  • Deforestation. …
  • Increasing livestock farming. …
  • Fertilisers containing nitrogen. …
  • Fluorinated gases.

What are the factors affecting weather and climate?

The five factors that determine the weather of any land area are: the amount of solar energy received because of latitude; the area’s elevation or proximity to mountains; nearness to large bodies of water and relative temperatures of land and water; the number of such storm systems as cyclones, hurricanes, and …

What are the 3 main factors that determine Earth’s climate?

Climate is usually described in terms of the mean and variability of temperature, precipitation and wind over a period of time, ranging from months to millions of years (the classical period is 30 years).

What are the major controls of the climate explain them?

What are the six major controls of the climate of the world? Answer: Latitude: Due to the round shape of the Earth, the amount of solar energy received varies according to latitude. … Pressure and winds: Pressure and wind system of an area depend on the latitude and altitude of the place.

How does a large body of water such as an ocean influence climate?

Large bodies of water, such as oceans, seas and large lakes, can affect the climate of an area. Water heats and cools more slowly than landmasses. Therefore, the coastal regions will stay cooler in summer and warmer in winter, thus creating a more moderate climate with a narrower temperature range.

How do large bodies of water moderate temperatures?

To summarize, large bodies of water tend to moderate the temperature of nearby land due to the high heat capacity of water. This high heat capacity results from both the higher specific heat of water and the mixing of heat throughout a greater depth over oceans.

How do ocean currents influence the climate and economic activities of coastal regions?

Ocean currents influence the climate and economic activities of coastal regions in the following ways: Warm currents raise the temperature along the coast, while cold currents drop the temperature along the coast. … Winds blowing over warm currents result in a good amount of rainfall, as they get moisture-laden.

Which of the factors has the largest influence on climate?

On the surface, the greatest factor affecting Earth is sunlight. Sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate by creating temperature gradients in the atmosphere and oceans.

Why does topography affect climate?

The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. … Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture. One side of mountain can be dry while the other side is full of vegetation. Mountains can cause a physical barrier to rain clouds.

What happens when water absorbs heat?

When heat is absorbed, hydrogen bonds are broken and water molecules can move freely. When the temperature of water decreases, the hydrogen bonds are formed and release a considerable amount of energy. Water has the highest specific heat capacity of any liquid.

How does water absorb heat?

Water absorbs heat by vibrating and rotating. The vibrations can be the stretching or bending of the chemical bonds between hydrogen and oxygen. Answer 4: … If the water is cooler than the air, then heat energy will “flow” from the air into the water until the temperatures are equal.

What changes occur when water is heated?


how do bodies of water affect climate



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