how do mitochondria and chloroplasts differ

The main difference between chloroplast and mitochondria is their functions; chloroplasts are responsible for the production of sugars with the aid of sunlight in a process called photosynthesis whereas mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cell which break down sugar in order to capture energy in a process called

What is the difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts quizlet?

In mitochondria, ATP is produced as a result of oxidation and foodstuffs, and is used as an energy source for metabolic processes. In chloroplasts, ATP is produced as a result of harvesting energy from light. In chloroplasts, the ATP is used in the fixation of CO2 into sugars.

What is the difference between chloroplast and chlorophyll?

Distinction Between Chlorophyll and Chloroplast

Chlorophyll refers to a pigment responsible for the green colour in plants. Chloroplasts are organelles within a plant cell, acting as the site for photosynthesis. … Chlorophyll is present in all algae, green plants and cyanobacteria.

What are two common characteristics of mitochondria and chloroplasts?

They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments. In both organelles, the innermost membranes – cristae, or infoldings of the inner membrane,… Both organelles are involved in energy transformation, mitochondria in cellular respiration & chloroplasts in photosynthesis.

What is the difference between mitochondria and mitochondrion?

The only difference between mitochondria and mitochondrion is that mitochondrion is singular, and mitochondria is the plural form of the word.

How do mitochondria and chloroplasts work together?

-Chloroplasts convert the sunlight (absorbed by the chlorophyll) into food, and then mitochondria make/produce energy out of the food in the form of ATP.

How are the functions of chloroplasts and mitochondria similar quizlet?

Terms in this set (9) describe two common characteristics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. … Both organelles are involved in energy transformation, mitochondria in cellular respiration and chloroplasts in photosynthesis. They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments.

What is the difference between mitochondria and cytoplasm?

is that cytoplasm is (cytology) the contents of a cell except for the nucleus it includes cytosol, organelles, vesicles, and the cytoskeleton while mitochondrion is (cytology) a spherical or ovoid organelle found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, contains genetic material separate from that of the host; it is …

What is the difference between chlorophyll and chloroplast quizlet?

– Chlorophyll is a light-absorbing plant molecule while chloroplasts are plant organelles.

What is difference between photosynthesis and respiration?

Photosynthesis converts carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and glucose. … Cellular respiration converts oxygen and glucose into water and carbon dioxide. Water and carbon dioxide are by- products and ATP is energy that is transformed from the process.

What is the difference between chloroplast Chromoplast and Leucoplast?

Leucoplast is a type of plastid specialised to store foods in plants. Chloroplast is a type of plastid specialised for the process of photosynthesis. Chromoplast is a type of plastid which contains distinct coloured pigments. Leucoplast is colourless.

What are three similarities between chloroplasts and mitochondria?

Similarities between mitochondria and chloroplast:

  • Mitochondria and chloroplast both are bounded by double membrane envelope.
  • Both mitochondria and chloroplast are semi autonomous organelles.
  • Mitochondria and chloroplast both have their own genome (DNA)i.e genetic material.

Why mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar to a bacterial cell?

Chloroplasts and mitochondria have their own ribosomes that are similar to those of bacteria and unlike those of the rest of the cell. For this reason, they are sensitive to antibiotics that kill bacteria by binding to and inactivating bacterial ribosomes.

Which of the following is a difference between the nucleus and a mitochondrion?

The main difference between nuclear DNA and mitochondrial DNA is simply the amount of it and the specific products produced. … To simplify greatly, the nucleus is the brains of the cell operation, while mitochondria are the muscle.

Why is mitochondria called Powerhouse of the cell give three similarities and one difference between mitochondria and plastids?

Mitochondria is known as powerhouse of the cell because it creates energy for the cell. It releases energy in the form of ATP molecules. … Mitochondria is related to production of ATP molecules whereas plastids are the main site of photosynthesis.

Which of the following is a characteristic of mitochondria and chloroplasts that supports?

Which of the following is a characteristic of mitochondria and chloroplasts that supports the endosymbiotic theory? Both contain DNA molecules. Organelles such as mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum have membranes that compartmentalize reactions and other metabolic processes.

When comparing organelles What is different about the mitochondria and chloroplasts that make them unique from the other organelles of the eukaryotic cell?

The major difference between chloroplasts and mitochondria, in terms of both structure and function, is the thylakoid membrane. This membrane is of central importance in chloroplasts, where it fills the role of the inner mitochondrial membrane in electron transport and the chemiosmotic generation of ATP (Figure 10.14).

What is common in mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Chloroplasts (members of the plastid family) and mitochondria are central to the energy cycles of ecosystems and the biosphere. They both contain DNA, organized into nucleoids, coding for critical genes for photosynthetic and respiratory energy production.

What is the difference between mitochondrial DNA and chloroplast DNA?

The key difference between mitochondrial DNA and chloroplast DNA is that mitochondrial DNA is present inside the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells while chloroplast DNA is present inside the chloroplasts of plant cells. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are two important membrane-bound organelles in eukaryotic cells.

Why mitochondria and chloroplasts are not considered in the Endomembrane system?

Mitochondria, chloroplast and peroxisomes are not the part of endomembrane system because their function are not coordinated with the same.

What is the function of chloroplast and chlorophyll?

The most important function of the chloroplast is to synthesize food by the process of photosynthesis. Absorbs light energy and converts it into chemical energy. Chloroplast has a structure called chlorophyll which functions by trapping the solar energy and is used for the synthesis of food in all green plants.

Do chloroplasts make chlorophyll?

In plants, photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts, which contain the chlorophyll. Chloroplasts are surrounded by a double membrane and contain a third inner membrane, called the thylakoid membrane, that forms long folds within the organelle.

What are the two main functions of the chloroplasts?

The main role of chloroplasts is to conduct photosynthesis. They also carry out functions like fatty acid and amino acid synthesis.

What is the difference between photosynthesis and?

What is the difference of photosynthesis?

On the other hand, photosynthesis takes place in green plants that contain chlorophyll. In this process, they make use of sunlight and water for converting it into energy.

Difference between Photosynthesis And Respiration.

Basis of Comparison Photosynthesis Respiration
Function Produces food and captures the energy Takes in oxygen and liberates out carbon dioxide

How are photosynthesis and cellular respiration similar and different?

Photosynthesis involves the use of energy from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to produce glucose and oxygen. Cellular respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. … For example, both processes synthesize and use ATP, the energy currency.

Why are mitochondria and chloroplasts called semi autonomous organelle?

Hint: Mitochondria and chloroplasts are called semi-autonomous cell organelles as they have their own DNA and ribosomes. Therefore, they can synthesize some of their proteins. For other proteins, they are dependent on the nucleus.

What are the differences between plant cell and animal cell?

Plant cells have a cell wall, but animals cells do not. Cell walls provide support and give shape to plants. Plant cells have chloroplasts, but animal cells do not. Chloroplasts enable plants to perform photosynthesis to make food.

Why there is a difference in the colour of leaf flower and fruit?

The green leaves mostly contain the plastids named as the chloroplast. This chloroplasts contain a pigment known as chlorophyll which caused the green colour of the leaves. But, the fruits, flowers contain chromoplasts which causes the different colours due to the presence of different pigments.

Why do organelles like mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA?

Mitochondria and chloroplast organelles have their own DNA because they have unique operational functions. Both organelles control their reproduction within the cell. … Often, though not always, they also have the ability for autonomous motion and can move around within their cells. Additionally, they can change shape.

What is the difference between chloroplast and nucleus?

The nucleus is an organalle found in eukoryotic cells. … This material is organized as DNA molecules,along with various proteins,to form chromosomes whereas chloroplast is a part of green plant cell that contain chlorophyll in which photosynthesis takes place.

Mitochondria and chloroplasts

Mitochondria VS Chloroplast | Differences and Similarities

Difference between chloroplast and mitochondria | Mitochondria vs Chloroplast | ABT Gurukul

10 Differences Between Mitochondria and Chloroplast

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