how do seismologists know the outer core is liquid?

Seismic waves show that the inner core is solid and the outer core is liquid. Metallic meteorites and the magnetic field are also clues about the makeup of the core.

What differs outer from inner core?

The inner core and the outer core are made up of similar stuff chemically (both are made mostly of iron, with a little nickel and some other chemical elements)–the difference between them is that the outer core is liquid and the inner core is solid.

Is the inner core is solid liquid or gas What keeps it in this phase?

Answer 2: The inner core is solid because it is made of very dense, or heavy, materials – like iron and nickel. Even though it is very hot, these materials don’t “melt” very easily, so they stay solid.

How does heat flow through the outer core?

Scientists know that the outer core is liquid and the inner core is solid because: S-waves stop at the inner core. The strong magnetic field is caused by convection in the liquid outer core. Convection currents in the outer core are due to heat from the even hotter inner core.

Which of the following layers of earth is liquid and is responsible for producing Earth’s magnetic field?

The outer core
The outer core is the third layer of the Earth. It is the only liquid layer, and is mainly made up of the metals iron and nickel, as well as small amounts of other substances. The outer core is responsible for Earth’s magnetic field.

What product of Earth’s liquid outer core protects us from the solar wind?

The outer core is very important to earth as it creates something called a magnetic field. The magnetic field the outer core creates goes way out in to space and makes a protective barrier around the earth that shields us from the sun’s damaging solar wind. How is earth’s magnetic field created by the core?

How does pressure determine whether the mantle is solid or liquid?

Usually pressure decreases inter-molecular movement thereby keeping the substance in solid state. Given this, why do the earth’s crust and mantle, which are both solid, turn into a liquid outer core, despite the enormous pressure deep down in the Earth?

Is the outer core made of liquid rock?

Inside the earth are four layers of rock and metal. Layer 1. The inner core is a solid metal made up of nickel and iron. … The outer core is a liquid molten (liquid) rock.

Is the outer core Magma?

Magma is extremely hot liquid and semi-liquid rock located under Earth’s surface. Earth has a layered structure that consists of the inner core, outer core, mantle, and crust. Much of the planet’s mantle consists of magma. This magma can push through holes or cracks in the crust, causing a volcanic eruption.

How do we know about the Earth’s core?

The Earth core is clearly identified by seismic data. The indications are a clear shadow on the depth–time curves of seismic waves refracted within the mantle, compression and shear waves reflected from core’s surface, and a total decay of the shear waves within it.

How do scientists know what’s inside the Earth?

So scientists rely on seismic waves—shock waves generated by earthquakes and explosions that travel through Earth and across its surface—to reveal the structure of the interior of the planet. Thousands of earthquakes occur every year, and each one provides a fleeting glimpse of the Earth’s interior.

What helped scientists understand that Earth’s interior is liquid?

By tracking seismic waves, scientists have learned what makes up the planet’s interior. P-waves slow down at the mantle core boundary, so we know the outer core is less rigid than the mantle. S-waves disappear at the mantle core boundary, so the outer core is liquid.

What did Seismologists learn about the inner and outer core?

Scientists studying the waves produced by earthquakes learned that Earth’s core has separate liquid and solid layers. S waves do not travel through liquid, but P waves do. … The model included Earth’s core but also postulated the existence of an inner core.

Why do seismologists conclude that the outer core is a liquid quizlet?

Liquid iron-nickel alloy that generates earths magnetic field. … Geoligists concluded that the outer core was liquid because P waves could not travel through it.

What do you think is reason why the outer core is liquid while the inner core remains solid Brainly?

The state of matter (solid, liquid or gas) of a given material depends on its temperature and pressure. … Although the inner core is very hot, it is solid because it is experiencing very high pressure. The pressure in the outer core is not high enough to make it solid.

What is liquid in earth?

Jan 4, 2016. The crust and the inner core are solid, whereas the outer core and inner mantle are liquid. The outer mantle is semi solid.

What color is the outer core?

Remember what the colors represent: The inner core is yellow. The outer core is red. The mantle is orange and tan.

What observation about S-waves indicate that the Earth has a liquid core quizlet?

What is the evidence that Earth’s outer core is liquid? S-waves cannot travel through liquids. The presence of the S-wave shadow—no S-waves are found in this zone—indicates that the outer core is liquid.

How do they know that the inner and outer core is made up of iron and nickel?

At the planet’s center lies a dense metallic core. Scientists know that the core is metal because: … If the surface layers are less dense than average, then the interior must be denser than average. Calculations indicate that the core is about 85% iron metal with nickel metal making up much of the remaining 15%.

GCSE Physics – Seismic Waves #75

Inner core is solid, outer core is liquid why

Why is Earth’s inner core solid explained!

William Banerdt, Insights Inside Mars from an InSight Insider, September 1, 2021

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