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The rivers of the Himalayas drain into two large river systems: The western rivers combine into the Indus Basin. … The other Himalayan rivers drain the Ganges-Brahmaputra Basin. Its main rivers are the Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Yamuna, as well as other tributaries.
During winter, Himalayas protect India from cold and dry air masses of Central Asia . During monsoon months these mountain ranges act as an effective physical barrier for rain bearing south-west monsoon winds. … Monsoon Winds and Indian Climate: The most dominating factor of the Indian climate is the ‘monsoon winds’.
The Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region heavily depends on water resources for irrigation, food, hydropower, sanitation, and industry, as well as for the functioning of many important ecosystem services. Water thus directly contributes to the national GDP and to livelihoods and income generation at the local level.
Himalayas act as a huge reservoir of water for the north Indian rivers. Almost all the great and perennial rivers of the India originate from the Himalayan mountain or glaciers, Abundant rainfall, vast snow field and huge glaciers are the feeding grounds of the mighty rivers of the India.
The major Himalayan rivers are the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Beas, Ravi, Saraswati, Sutlej, Ganga (or the Ganges), Yamuna, and Brahmaputra. All these rivers collectively cover an area of 2,250 km. The average width of these rivers is 200 km.
Due to Himalayas entire India is brought under the sway of moist laden winds for a few months. The Himalayas block the monsoon winds and confine them to the Indian subcontinent. Without monsoons, India would have been a desert. In India monsoon usually lasts from July to September.
Temprature of India is greatly influenced by Himalayan glaciers. Agriculture need rain water and rain water depends on Himalayan glaciers. Alluvial Deposits by these Himalayan rivers make soil fertile for agriculture. … Himalayas and mountains are very suitable for many types of rare agricultural plants and fruits.
The Himalayan rivers are perennial in nature, i.e., water flows throughout the year in these rivers. These rivers receive water both from the monsoons and snow-melt. The perennial nature of these rivers makes them useful for irrigation. … Therefore, these rivers are seasonal or non-perennial.
Notes: The Himalayan Rivers are perennial rivers because they originate in snow covered Himalayan Mountains. They start from the glaciers that seem to melt all over the year. During summers, the snow melts and the rivers get continuous supply of water.
The Himalayan Rivers:
The Himalayan Rivers are the rivers that originate from the Himalayan mountain ranges. These rivers are snow fed; they receive water from the melting ice of the glaciers as well as from the rains. … These three rivers flow towards the West and collectively form the Himalayan River System.
Himalayas play an important role in economic and cultural development of India in the following ways: The Himalayas act as a barrier to the South West monsoon winds. … Himalayas are known for their scenic beauty and are visited by tourists all over the world bringing much needed foreign currency into the country.
Hint:Himalayas are very important to us as they save our country from the cold and dry winds of Central Asia. They also prevent from the monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean from crossing over to Northern countries and cause heavy rainfall in Northern India.
The Himalayas play a very important role in influencing the climate of India. India is a monsoon land only because of the presence of Himalayas. It traps the monsoon winds from Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal and forces them to shed their moisture content within the Indian sub-continent in the form of snow and rain.
The rivers of India play an important role in the lives of the Indian people. The river systems provide irrigation, potable water, cheap transportation, electricity, as well as provide livelihoods for a large number of people all over the country.
These are the Yamuna, the Ghaghara, the Kosi and the Gandak. The river Yamuna rises from the Yamunotri Glacier in the Himalayas. It flows parallel to the Ganga arid as a right bank tributary, meets the Ganga at Allahabad. The Ghaghara, the Gandak and the Kosi rise in the Nepal Himalayas.
Seasonal monsoons, latitude, and elevation play major roles in shaping the climate in Asia. The Himalayan Mountains further influence the climate by serving as a barrier. The particularly lofty mountains concentrate warmth and moisture in some regions, and block it from other regions.
– The climate of the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan Plateau is influenced by the Himalayas. – They block cold, dry winds from blowing south into the subcontinent, keeping South Asia significantly warmer than temperate regions on other continents.
Himalayas act as a barrier for the chilly or cold winds coming from north. Therefore, provides a suitable environment for the growth of agriculture crops. The rivers flowing through Himalayas are snow fed and hence perennial. These rivers provide water for irrigation and fertile alluvial soil in northern plains.
b. Rains – the Himalayas prevent the rain-bearing monsoon winds from escaping to Asia continent by obstructing its path and forcing them to rain in India. Monsoons are the main source of water/irrigation in India. Its failure results in drought and famine in many parts of India.
The whole of North India depends on this river system. They provide surface as well as ground water and hence these rivers are the source of irrigation. Agriculture is completely dependent on these rivers. Other than agriculture large industries like leather tanning also depend upon these rivers.
Rivers provide cheap and efficient inland transport for trade and commerce. … They help cities and towns to carry their wastes. Their water is extensively used in irrigation and in developing hydroelectricity.
Most of the Himalayan Rivers are perennial in nature because the rivers get a continuous supply of water as the snow melts, especially in the summer. The peninsular rivers mostly depended on the rains only. So, they get dried up in the summer.
Himalayan rivers have abundant water because rivers rising in this area are perennial in nature. They are either fed by the glaciers from the mountains or by the heavy rainfall.
Himalayan rivers get flooded due to the huge precipitation they get consistently and furthermore as a result of the melting of the snow on the mountains which makes them flood and cause floods. … Advantage of flooding is deposition of silt in plain or northern India.
Himalayan rivers are perennial rivers. … The have enough water as the get water from glaciers and frozen lakes found on the mountains of himalayas. The temperature is very low there so water doesn’t get dry up even in summer. So, they feed the rivers with a lot of water throughout the year.
The following are the characteristics of the Himalayan Rivers:
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