how does mountains affect climate

Mountains generate such storms through a variety of processes. Most basic, again, is simple convection: Ground heated by the sun warms the air above it and causes it to ascend, potentially to the level where its water vapor condenses into clouds.

Are storms worse in mountains?

The main reason that high elevations are dangerous is that, without trees or buildings, you are the tallest thing on the open terrain. To minimize your risk, hike the higher elevations in the morning and head to lower ground in the afternoon when storms are more likely.

Why does it rain in mountains?

Winds carry moist air over the land. When air reaches the mountain, it rises because the mountains are in the way. As the air rises, it cools, and because cool air can carry less moisture than warm air, there is usually precipitation (rain). … Some mountains reach higher than the clouds.

Why does mountain ranges weaken typhoon?

Land use causing issues

Unfortunately, decades of deforestation, mining, and improper land use, in addition to the passage of forest laws that fail to sufficiently protect forests and those who live therein, have led to the Sierra Madre’s weakened capability to buffer mainland Luzon from incoming typhoons.

Do mountains cause hail?

Mountains and elevation are the perfect combination to create hail. This mix creates air full of moisture at a lower level and very cold and dry currents above coming from the peaks. “In Alberta during the summer, most days have a chance of hail. … When too heavy, the hail simply falls down to the ground.

What is one way that mountains can affect climate Brainly?

Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. In some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may be a desert. Much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains.

How do mountains make their own weather?

Mass, who is a professor of atmospheric sciences at the University of Washington, says the physical structure of mountains can create their own weather systems, caused by the way air flows around them. … Clouds form because as the air rises, it tends to cool and that causes saturation.

How does air pollution affect mountains?

Air pollution from vehicles, industry and the burning of plant material can choke off the formation of precipitation in some semi-arid mountainous areas, threatening critical water sources, a new study finds.

What are benefits of mountains?

Why are mountains important?

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