what determines an atoms chemical properties
What Determines An Atoms Chemical Properties? Chemical ...
Earth and its atmosphere are continuously altered. Plate tectonics shift the continents, raise mountains and move the ocean floor while processes not fully understood alter the climate. Such constant change has characterized Earth since its beginning some 4.5 billion years ago.
Earth is made up of four layers , the crust , mantel, and outer core , and the inner core . Inside and around the earth there is five sphere’s , the geosphere (lithosphere) , the atmosphere, the hydrosphere , the cryosphere, and the biosphere . These spheres all interact to make what life , what it is on earth .
The geosphere has four subsystemscalled the lithosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, and atmosphere. Because these subsystems interact with each other and the biosphere, they work together to influence the climate, trigger geological processes, and affect life all over the Earth.
Scientists increasingly view Earth as a dynamic system – a combination of interrelated, interdependent or interacting parts forming a collective whole or entity. … Examples in the Earth system include the rock cycle, the food chain, the carbon cycle, the nitrogen cycle, the water cycle and energy cycles.
For the Earth system, these are the exchange fluxes of solar and terrestrial radiation. Hence, the entropy balance is intimately linked to the energy balance, specifically to the net entropy exchange associated with Jheat and Jcool. Furthermore, the entropy balance is linked to the free energy balance.
Note the only true “isolated system” in the universe is by definition the universe itself, thus Earth is part of the isolated system of the Universe, and the “closed systems” of the Milky Way, solar system, and Earth itself.
What makes the Earth habitable? It is the right distance from the Sun, it is protected from harmful solar radiation by its magnetic field, it is kept warm by an insulating atmosphere, and it has the right chemical ingredients for life, including water and carbon.
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explain how the biosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, and atmosphere are interconnected.