how to describe topography

How To Describe Topography?

Topography describes the physical features of an area of land. These features typically include natural formations such as mountains, rivers, lakes, and valleys. Manmade features such as roads, dams, and cities may also be included. Topography often records the various elevations of an area using a topographical map.

How do you explain topography of an area?

Topography of the Land Surface. The three-dimensional arrangement of physical attributes (such as shape, height, and depth) of a land surface in a place or region. Physical features that make up the topography of an area include mountains, valleys, plains, and bodies of water.

How do you describe a topographic map?

A topographic map is a map that indicates the features of the land’s surface, such as mountains, hills, and valleys. This is typically done with wavy lines that represent the curves and elevation of the land. Topographic is the adjective form of the noun topography, which refers to the surface features of land.

What are the three main types of topography?

Topography Types

  • Karst Topography. Karst topography describes the distinct landscape that is made when underlying rocks dissolve or change shape. …
  • Mountain Topography. Topographical maps show landforms such as hills and mountains. …
  • Vegetation, Elevation and Glaciers.

What is an example of a topography?

Topography is the study of the land surface. In particular, it lays the underlying foundation of a landscape. For example, topography refers to mountains, valleys, rivers, or craters on the surface. … Nine out of ten topographic maps show contour lines, which are just lines of equal elevation.

How do you explain land topography?

Slope and topography describe the shape and relief of the land. Topography is a measurement of elevation, and slope is the percent change in that elevation over a certain distance. Topography may be measured with lines that connect points representing the same elevation; these are called topographic contours.

How do you determine topography?

How to Measure Topography

  1. Measure the heights and depths of the terrain. A topographic map’s contour lines derive from regularly measured or extrapolated elevations. …
  2. Take measurements of rivers. …
  3. Classify the area’s soil and rock types.

How would you describe flat topography?


Flat areas are never strictly horizontal; there are gentle slopes in a seemingly flat area, but they are often hardly noticeable to the naked eye. An accurate survey of the land is necessary to identify these so called “flat slopes”.

How do you use topography?

Use contour lines to determine elevations of mountains and flat areas. The closer together the lines are, the steeper the slope. Contour elevation numbers indicate the direction of elevation by always reading (pointing) uphill.

What is the definition for topographical?

Definition of topographical

1 : topographic. 2 : of, relating to, or concerned with the artistic representation of a particular locality a topographical poem topographical painting.

What is a sentence for topography?

Topography sentence example. As a result the topography is characterized by low, rounded hills, but is nowhere mountainous. Finally, the surface topography will often throw much light on the underground structure. The glacial era has left abundant evidences in the topography of the state.

What is topography in simple words?

Topography is a detailed map of the surface features of land. It includes the mountains, hills, creeks, and other bumps and lumps on a particular hunk of earth. … Topography represents a particular area in detail, including everything natural and man-made — hills, valleys, roads, or lakes.

What is topography define it with 2 examples?

Topography is the study of the land and water features of an area. An example of topography is a map that shows the land elevations in a state. … In the topography of the economy, several depressed areas are revealed.

What is the topography of a behavior?

Topography is a term used in applied behavior analysis (ABA) to describe behavior—specifically what behavior looks like. … By contrast, the phrase “refusing to comply with a direction” would be a topographical description of the same behavior.

What are topographic features of Earth?

Latitudes, longitudes, landforms, and elevations are the four main topographical features.

What is topography of the Philippines?

The topography is extremely varied, with volcanic mountain masses forming the cores of most of the larger islands. The range culminates in Mt. Pulog (elevation 2,928 m/9,606 ft) in northern Luzon and in Mt. Apo, the highest point in the Philippines (elevation 2,954 m/9,692 ft), in Mindanao.

How do you describe a land contour?

In cartography, a contour line (often just called a “contour”) joins points of equal elevation (height) above a given level, such as mean sea level. A contour map is a map illustrated with contour lines, for example a topographic map, which thus shows valleys and hills, and the steepness or gentleness of slopes.

What are some topographical features?

Topographical Features

Examples include mountains, hills, valleys, lakes, oceans, rivers, cities, dams, and roads. Elevation – The elevation, or height, of mountains and other objects is recorded as part of topography. It is usually recorded in reference to sea level (the surface of the ocean).

How do you write a topographic profile?

Draw a horizontal line on the graph paper that is the length of your profile line. Draw vertical lines above your starting and ending points. Label the y-axis (vertical lines) with elevations making sure that your scale goes from highest to lowest on your cross-section (see step 3).

What is the topography like when the lines are close together?

If contour lines are close together, it is a very steep slope; if they are far apart, it is a gradual slope.

What do topographic lines look like around hills or mountains?

Cliffs or overhangs are exceptions.] – Half Dome is a large and steep-sided hill referred to as a mountain. ? What pattern do topo lines make around hills and mountains? [Hills are concentric circles or closed figures.]

What are form lines in topography?

Definition of form line

: a line drawn on a map to depict surface configuration in a generalized manner and usually without indicating elevations — compare contour line.

How do you tell if contour lines are going up or down?

Remember contour numbering reads up hill – in other words the top of the number is uphill and the bottom is downhill. Also remember the closer contour lines are together, the steeper the slope.

What does Topo stand for?


Acronym Definition
TOPO Topographic/Topography
TOPO Trioctyl-Phosphine Oxide
TOPO Torposten (German Military Gate Post)
TOPO Task Order Project Officer (US EPA)

How do you read a topographic map for kids?

Try this: If you put your finger on a contour line and follow it around the map, every place your finger is touching is that same elevation. Topographers make reading maps even easier by adding numbers right next to certain lines. Say you’re observing a contour line and the number 12,500 is right on top of it.

What do the contour lines represent?

A contour line is a line drawn on a topographic map to indicate ground elevation or depression. A contour interval is the vertical distance or difference in elevation between contour lines. Index contours are bold or thicker lines that appear at every fifth contour line.

What is the associated words of topography?

In this page you can discover 15 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for topography, like: terrain, surface, landform, geology, geologic, the lay of the land, topographic, topographical, erosional, stratigraphy and sedimentary.

What is topography and geography?

Topographynoun. A detailed graphic representation of the surface features of a place or object. Geographynoun. The study of the physical properties of the earth, including how humans affect and are affected by them.

What is topography in social science?

Topography is the study of the forms and features of land surfaces.

How do you use topographic in a sentence?

Topographic sentence example

  1. The above remarks apply more particularly to topographic maps. …
  2. The most notable topographic feature is the roughly circular mountain area of north-eastern New York known as the Adirondack mountains (q.v.). …
  3. Clue: It gets a bit tedious…

What’s the difference between topography and geography?

While both focus on the study of the Earth, topography focuses on the surface, while geography delves a bit more into the features of the Earth.

How do you pronounce topographically?

Tips to improve your English pronunciation:

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