in what type of population would evolution occur most rapidly?

Why would apple maggot flies be considered two separate races?

When geographic isolation occurs what conditions produce the most rapid speciation?

Question Answer
When geographic isolation occurs, under what conditions might you expect the most rapid speciation? When the climate is very different in the two locations

What is evolution that occurs as a result of chance events?

A chance event that leads to evolutionary changes in the gene pool could be termed as GENETIC DRIFT. The change happens in allele frequency.

What is evolution that occurs as a result of a dramatic reduction in population size quizlet?

The bottleneck effect is a change in allele frequency following a dramatic reduction in the size of a population.

How does population genetics affect evolution?

Because a genetic population is described as the sum of gene (or allelic) frequencies for all the genes represented by that population, it follows that for evolution of a species to occur the gene frequencies of that population must undergo change.

What’s an example of convergent evolution?

An example of convergent evolution is the similar nature of the flight/wings of insects, birds, pterosaurs, and bats. … Structures that are the result of convergent evolution are called analogous structures or homoplasies; they should be contrasted with homologous structures, which have a common origin.

What is the most likely result of reproductive isolation on two populations of a species?

Reproductive Isolation. Given enough time, the genetic and phenotypic divergence between populations will affect characters that influence reproduction: if individuals of the two populations were brought together, mating would be less likely, but if mating occurred, offspring would be nonviable or infertile.

What happens when isolated populations come into contact?

what happens when isolated populations come into contact? reinforcement, hybrid zones, and new species through hybridization. natural selection for traits that isolate populations. … geographic area where interbreeding occurs and hybrid offspring are common.

Which of the following leads most consistently to mass extinction?

Two populations must be isolated and unable to interbreed. Which of the following leads most consistently to mass extinction? A rapid change in environmental conditions that is too quick to allow for adaptation.

Which of the following things are likely to cause evolution in a population?

Five forces can cause genetic variation and evolution in a population: mutations, natural selection, genetic drift, genetic hitchhiking, and gene flow.

How does evolution occur?

In biology, evolution is the change in the inherited traits of a population from generation to generation. … Evolution occurs when these heritable differences become more common or rare in a population, either non-randomly through natural selection or randomly through genetic drift.

What is the mechanism by which evolution occurs?

There are five key mechanisms that cause a population, a group of interacting organisms of a single species, to exhibit a change in allele frequency from one generation to the next. These are evolution by: mutation, genetic drift, gene flow, non-random mating, and natural selection (previously discussed here).

Which of the following disrupts genetic equilibrium and can cause evolution?

The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium can be disturbed by a number of forces, including mutations, natural selection, nonrandom mating, genetic drift, and gene flow. For instance, mutations disrupt the equilibrium of allele frequencies by introducing new alleles into a population.

What type of population is most susceptible to loss of genetic variability as a result of genetic drift?

Evolution Review – College Biology

A B
What type of population is most susceptible to loss of genetic variability as a result of genetic drift? small populations
The number of individuals with a particular phenotype divided by the total number of individuals in the population is the phenotype frequency.

Which factor would most likely disrupt genetic equilibrium in a large population?

Which factor would most likely disrupt genetic equilibrium in a large population? geographic isolation.

What is population evolution?

The evolution of populations is defined as the changes populations undergo when organisms change over time as predicted by Darwin’s Theory of Evolution.

What is population in population genetics?

Population genetics is the study of the genetic composition of populations, including distributions and changes in genotype and phenotype frequency in response to the processes of natural selection, genetic drift, mutation and gene flow.

What defines a population in evolution quizlet?

What defines a population in evolution? Interbreeding members of the same species. Which of the following best defines microevolution? Changes in genes within a population over time.

What is divergent evolution and convergent evolution?

Divergent evolution occurs when two separate species evolve differently from a common ancestor. … Convergent evolution occurs when species have different ancestral origins but have developed similar features. A good example of convergent evolution is the similarities between the hummingbird and the hummingbird moth.

When would convergent evolution occur?

Convergent evolution occurs when species occupy similar ecological niches and adapt in similar ways in response to similar selective pressures. Traits that arise through convergent evolution are referred to as ‘analogous structures’.

What is divergent evolution?

What Is Divergent Evolution? Divergent evolution occurs when a population of animals or plants is split into two groups by a geographic barrier (for instance, a body of water or a migration to a new area), causing each group to develop different traits under their respective selective pressures and natural selection.

How is the evolution of reproductive isolation in populations adapting to different environments different from the process of reinforcement?

How is the evolution of reproductive isolation in populations adapting to different environments different from the process of reinforcement? Reproductive isolation that occurs due to different environments is a factor of natural selection; the environmental pressure favors individuals best suited for that environment.

How does reproductive isolation affect the evolution of a species?

The mechanisms of reproductive isolation are a collection of evolutionary mechanisms, behaviors and physiological processes critical for speciation. They prevent members of different species from producing offspring, or ensure that any offspring are sterile.

How does reproductive isolation lead to evolution?

Reproductive isolation might also evolve during a process of mutation-order speciation, defined as the evolution of reproductive isolation by the fixation of different advantageous mutations in separate populations experiencing similar selection pressures, that is, uniform selection.

Which of the following best describes how the population has evolved?

Which of the following best describes how the population has evolved? … The population has evolved because there was a change in allele frequencies. The population has evolved because there was a change in allele frequencies.

What is the evolutionary process through which new species emerge?

New species arise through a process called speciation. In speciation, an ancestral species splits into two or more descendant species that are genetically different from one another and can no longer interbreed. Darwin envisioned speciation as a branching event.

What is evolution theory?

In biology, evolution is the change in the characteristics of a species over several generations and relies on the process of natural selection. The theory of evolution is based on the idea that all species? are related and gradually change over time.

Which populations are at greatest risk for extinction?

A recent study has shown that large herbivores are facing the greatest risk of extinction compared to other species, a result of human activities along with natural threats in the wild. A quarter of herbivores are currently classified as vulnerable or endangered by the International Union For Conservation of Nature.

Why are small populations more prone to extinction?

Population size is extremely important in evaluating conservation priorities for a species. Small populations are at risk of going extinct because of demographic stochasticity and genetic drift.

What makes a species more prone to extinction?

Many rare and/or endemic species exhibit one or more of the following attributes which make them especially prone to extinction: (1) narrow (and single) geographical range, (2) only one or a few populations, (3) small population size and little genetic variability, (4) over-exploitation by people, (5) declining …

Which of the following can cause evolution?

Those factors are natural selection, mutation, genetic drift, and migration (gene flow).

What four factors affect evolution explain how each factor affects evolution?

Evolution is a consequence of the interaction of four factors: (1) the potential for a species to increase in number, (2) the genetic variation of individuals in a species due to mutation and sexual reproduction, (3) competition for an environment’s limited supply of the resources that individuals need in order to …

What causes evolution in animals?

Environmental change and isolation of groups of organisms play an important role in evolution. … Change in an organism’s environment forces the organism to adapt to fit the new environment, eventually causing it to evolve into a new species.

Does evolution occur in individuals or populations?

Individual organisms don’t evolve. Populations evolve. Because individuals in a population vary, some in the population are better able to survive and reproduce given a particular set of environmental conditions.

Is human evolution speeding up or slowing down? – Laurence Hurst

Overpopulation – The Human Explosion Explained

Rapid Evolution

Speciation

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