in what way are the german and english languages alike

Easily the most obvious difference between English and German is how complicated it is to learn articles. The fact that the German language has multiple versions of each article is incredibly unusual for an English speaker. Most European languages have two genders for their articles, but German has three.

Is English more like French or German?

By linguist criteria English is more similar to German, both belong in the West Germanic languages and its vocabulary has been influenced by other Germanic languages as well.

What language is similar to German?

German is most similar to other languages within the West Germanic language branch, including Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German, Luxembourgish, Scots, and Yiddish.

Why German is different from other languages?

What both languages have in common is that they originally derived from the same proto language (Indo-European languages), but they split off around 1,000 BC, so German and French have had more than 3,000 years to “drift apart”. Even languages that belong to the same language family can be very different today.

Do English and German have the same sentence structure?

Simple, declarative sentences are identical in German and English: Subject, verb, other. The verb is always the second element in a German sentence. With compound verbs, the second part of the verb goes last, but the conjugated part is still second. German sentences are usually “time, manner, place.”

Does German or English have more words?

3. The German vocabulary. The German language consists of about 5.3 million words – with a rising trend. … This means, the German language contains eight times as many words as the English language.In the everyday conversation, we use much less words: only 12.000 – 16.000 words including about 3.500 foreign words.

Is English a hybrid language?

The most intuitive way that languages mix is on the level of words. … English is a language of mixed origins in terms of its vocabulary. A search in the dictionary reveals many of our words were borrowed from Latin, French, Dutch, or Greek; it’s almost unexpected if a word can be traced back to Old English.

Is English a Romance language or Germanic?

English is a Germanic language, with a grammar and a core vocabulary inherited from Proto-Germanic. However, a significant portion of the English vocabulary comes from Romance and Latinate sources.

Does English sound like German?

‘ However, both agree English does not sound similar to any other language – despite it belonging to the same family as German, Dutch and Afrikaans. … ‘But coming from a very different language group like Thai, they will be a lot more striking.

What language is English closest to?

The closest language to English is one called Frisian, which is a Germanic language spoken by a small population of about 480,000 people. There are three separate dialects of the language, and it’s only spoken at the southern fringes of the North Sea in the Netherlands and Germany.

Is English a Germanic language?

German is widely considered among the easier languages for native English speakers to pick up. That’s because these languages are true linguistic siblings—originating from the exact same mother tongue. In fact, eighty of the hundred most used words in English are of Germanic origin.

Is Spanish a Germanic?

Spanish people are descended from Celts and Germanic (Goths and Swabians) peoples on the male side. On the female side they are more Neolithic Farmer (Atlantic). Spaniards are genetically very similar to the French. They also have a strong correlation with the British and Irish peoples.

Why don t the French speak German?

The short answer is: because not nearly enough Germanic speakers made the trek across the Rhine to significantly affect the makeup of the people who lived there. This holds true in Visigothic Spain, Vandal Africa, and Ostrogothic/Lombard Italy as well.

Are French and German similar?

French is a Romance language that derives from Latin, whereas German is a Germanic language like English. … At the same time, there are some similar grammar concepts, such as grammatical gender, that make the two languages not entirely foreign to one another.

Are the French German?

The modern French are the descendants of mixtures including Romans, Celts, Iberians, Ligurians and Greeks in southern France, Germanic peoples arriving at the end of the Roman Empire such as the Franks and the Burgundians, and some Vikings who mixed with the Normans and settled mostly in Normandy in the 9th century.

Are British and German the same?

The analysis shows that the Anglo-Saxons were the only conquering force, around 400-500 AD, to substantially alter the country’s genetic makeup, with most white British people now owing almost 30% of their DNA to the ancestors of modern-day Germans. …

Are German and English mutually intelligible?

Without prior knowledge, the other Germanic languages are only mutually intelligible with English to a very limited degree. Native speakers of English will generally understand very little Danish, Swedish, German or Dutch.

What is the richest language in the world?

The Top 10 Business Languages of the World in 2018 by GDP (IMF)

Rank Language GDP($US Billions)
1 English 28.088
2 Chinese 26.56
3 Spanish 8.17
4 Arabic 7.1

What is the hardest language to learn?


As mentioned before, Mandarin is unanimously considered the toughest language to master in the world! Spoken by over a billion people in the world, the language can be extremely difficult for people whose native languages use the Latin writing system.

What is the longest word in German?


1. Kraftfahrzeug-Haftpflichtversicherung (36) Officially recognised by the Duden – Germany’s pre-eminent dictionary – as the longest word in German, Kraftfahrzeug-Haftpflichtversicherung is a 36-letter, tongue-tying way of describing a rather, mundane everyday concept: motor vehicle liability insurance.

Is English a mix of German and French?

English has its roots in the Germanic languages, from which German and Dutch also developed, as well as having many influences from romance languages such as French. (Romance languages are so called because they are derived from Latin which was the language spoken in ancient Rome.)

What is two languages mixed called?

When people mix two languages while speaking, we say they are code switching . You can call each language a code. … Some bilingual or multilingual people prefer to think in one language and then code switch while thinking about concepts which are new or learned in a different context.

How do languages combine?

Languages “intertwine”, in that the morphosyntax (provided by female native speakers) mixes with the lexicon of another language (spoken by men, often in a colonialist context). … In other words, language no longer becomes a means of differentiation between two speech communities as a result of language mixing.

Is German Old English?

That being said, Old English is a (West) Germanic language. Modern German is also a Germanic language. They are both descended from a common ancestral language. Old English was also strongly influenced by Old Norse and Old Danish both of which are also (North) Germanic languages.

Is English a Creole?

Senior Member. English is not a creole. A creole is a pidgin language which has become a mother tongue. A pidgin is a grammatically simplified form of a language with elements taken from local languages, used for communication between people not sharing a common language.

Which is the easiest language in the world?

And The Easiest Language To Learn Is…

  1. Norwegian. This may come as a surprise, but we have ranked Norwegian as the easiest language to learn for English speakers. …
  2. Swedish. …
  3. Spanish. …
  4. Dutch. …
  5. Portuguese. …
  6. Indonesian. …
  7. Italian. …
  8. French.

What’s the rarest language?

What is the rarest language to speak? Kaixana is the rarest language to speak because it only has one speaker left today. Kaixana has never been very popular. But it had 200 speakers in the past.

Is English the slowest language?

I can never understand them.” In fact, English is one of the slowest languages. On average, native speakers use 150 syllables a minute. But Spanish people go along at an amazing 300 syllables a minute. Japanese is another fast language. … There are a number of reasons why English is spoken relatively slowly.

Can you survive in Germany with English?

Long story short: You can survive in Germany without knowing the German language; most Germans speak English, the train usually runs announcements in English and in restaurants or bars, waiters and waitresses often speak English, especially in the city center.

Is German or Spanish harder to learn?

Spanish is more difficult than German grammatically, too many verb conjugations, way complex subjunctive, gender in almost everything. The best thing about it is the phonetic system, much easier than German’s and French’s. French is very difficult compared to German too and pronunciation is way hard to master.

Is it harder to learn French or German?

That said, experts largely agree that the more German you learn, the easier it gets, while French gets more complicated the deeper you dive in. And German pronunciation is definitely easier.

Is English easy for German speakers?

German might not be as familiar to English speakers as Spanish, but it’s still one of the easiest languages to learn. Like Spanish, it’s also a phonetic language, which makes pronunciation easy to figure out.

English vs. German Language | How Similar Are English and German Words?

Is English Really a Germanic Language?


Is German easy or difficult to learn? | 5-Minute Language

See more articles in category: FAQ

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