in what ways are chloroplasts similar to mitochondria

In What Ways Are Chloroplasts Similar To Mitochondria?

Like mitochondria, chloroplasts contain their own genetic system, reflecting their evolutionary origins from photosynthetic bacteria. The genomes of chloroplasts are similar to those of mitochondria in that they consist of circular DNA molecules present in multiple copies per organelle.

How are mitochondria and chloroplasts similar?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts are both able to produce energy on their own. … For chloroplasts, it is found ONLY in plants and it is able to use photosynthesis to produce energy for the plants through the photosynthesis equation.

What are three similarities between chloroplasts and mitochondria?

Similarities between mitochondria and chloroplast:

  • Mitochondria and chloroplast both are bounded by double membrane envelope.
  • Both mitochondria and chloroplast are semi autonomous organelles.
  • Mitochondria and chloroplast both have their own genome (DNA)i.e genetic material.

How chloroplast and mitochondria work together?

-Chloroplasts convert the sunlight (absorbed by the chlorophyll) into food, and then mitochondria make/produce energy out of the food in the form of ATP.

What do chloroplasts and mitochondria have in common quizlet?

Terms in this set (9) describe two common characteristics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. … Both organelles are involved in energy transformation, mitochondria in cellular respiration and chloroplasts in photosynthesis. They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments.

What are two common characteristics of mitochondria and chloroplasts?

They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments. In both organelles, the innermost membranes – cristae, or infoldings of the inner membrane,… Both organelles are involved in energy transformation, mitochondria in cellular respiration & chloroplasts in photosynthesis.

How are mitochondria similar to chloroplasts quizlet?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar to one another in that: a) both convert the energy of the sugar into ATP for use by the cell.

What do mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common with prokaryotes?

Even though both organelles are found in eukaryotic cells, both mitochondria and chloroplast have characteristics often found in prokaryotic cells. These prokaryotic cell characteristics include: an enclosed double membrane, circular DNA, and bacteria-like ribosomes.

When comparing organelles What is different about the mitochondria and chloroplasts that make them unique from the other organelles of the eukaryotic cell?

The major difference between chloroplasts and mitochondria, in terms of both structure and function, is the thylakoid membrane. This membrane is of central importance in chloroplasts, where it fills the role of the inner mitochondrial membrane in electron transport and the chemiosmotic generation of ATP (Figure 10.14).

What is the difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts quizlet bio?

what is the difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts? Mitochondria are oxidative metabolic bacteria derivatives and chloroplasts are photosynthetic bacteria derivatives.

Do mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA?

Chloroplasts and mitochondria are subcellular bioenergetic organelles with their own genomes and genetic systems. DNA replication and transmission to daughter organelles produces cytoplasmic inheritance of characters associated with primary events in photosynthesis and respiration.

Which one is not common in between mitochondria and chloroplast?

Mitochondria help in the production of energy in eukaryotic cells. Complete solution: The above option which is not common in chloroplasts and mitochondria is that both are present in animal cells.As everyone knows that chloroplast helps in photosynthesis, and photosynthesis always takes place in the plant cells only.

What are the characteristics of mitochondria and chloroplast?

However, chloroplast is absent in an animal but mitochondria is found in both.

Mitochondria vs Chloroplast.

Mitochondria Chloroplast
Present in cells of all types of aerobic organisms such as plants and animals. Present in green plants and green algae
Bean-shaped Disc-shaped
Colourless organelle Green in colour

Why mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar to a bacterial cell?

Chloroplasts and mitochondria have their own ribosomes that are similar to those of bacteria and unlike those of the rest of the cell. For this reason, they are sensitive to antibiotics that kill bacteria by binding to and inactivating bacterial ribosomes.

How mitochondria and chloroplasts are different from other cell organelles?

Mitochondria are present in the cells of all types of aerobic organisms like plants and animals, whereas Chloroplast is present in green plants and some algae, protists like Euglena. The inner membrane of mitochondria is folded into cristae while that of a chloroplast, rises into flattened sacs called as thylakoids.

How are mitochondria similar to chloroplasts both have many layers of membranes?

Both have many layers of membranes. Both contain molecules of chlorophyll. Both are found in the cells of consumers. Both are needed for cells to store energy.

What is the difference between the energy source of chloroplasts and mitochondria?

Key points: Mitochondria are the “powerhouses” of the cell, breaking down fuel molecules and capturing energy in cellular respiration. Chloroplasts are found in plants and algae. They’re responsible for capturing light energy to make sugars in photosynthesis.

Which is true about chloroplasts and mitochondria?

True, Mitochondria and chloroplasts are endosymbiotic. They are enveloped by a double membrane, contain free ribosomes and circular DNA molecules. … This theory states mitochondria and plastids, including chloroplasts, originated as prokaryotic cells engulfed by an ancestral eukaryotic cell.

How mitochondria and chloroplasts are linked to DNA?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts grow in a coordinated process that requires the contribution of two separate genetic systems—one in the organelle and one in the cell nucleus. Most of the proteins in these organelles are encoded by nuclear DNA, synthesized in the cytosol, and then imported individually into the organelle.

Why do organelles like mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA Brainly?

Mitochondria and Plastids like Chloroplast have their own DNA and ribosomes because of which they are able to synthesize some of their own proteins and replicate independent of the nucleus.

What is the difference between Chromoplast and chloroplast?

The main difference between chloroplast and chromoplast is that chloroplast is the green color pigment in plants whereas chromoplast is a colorful pigment whose color can be yellow to red. … Chloroplasts are responsible for undergoing photosynthesis while chromoplasts synthesize and store pigments.

Why do chloroplasts and mitochondria have two membranes?

What Is the Function of Chloroplast Membranes? Like mitochondria, chloroplasts are surrounded by two membranes. The outer membrane is permeable to small organic molecules, whereas the inner membrane is less permeable and studded with transport proteins.

What are two other organelles besides the mitochondria that contain DNA and have a double membrane?

Name two other organelles besides the mitochondria that contain DNA and have a double membrane. Two other organelles that contain DNA and have a double membrane are chlorplasts and the nucleus.

How are the cell wall and chloroplasts important to plants?

Cell wall provide plant cells rigidity and structural support and cell to cell interaction. … Chloroplasts aid in carrying out the process of photosynthesis to produce food for the plants.

What is the difference between mitochondrial DNA and chloroplast DNA?

The key difference between mitochondrial DNA and chloroplast DNA is that mitochondrial DNA is present inside the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells while chloroplast DNA is present inside the chloroplasts of plant cells. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are two important membrane-bound organelles in eukaryotic cells.

Do mitochondria and chloroplasts produce ATP?

Chloroplasts and mitochondria are the major ATP producing organelles in plant leaves. Arabidopsis thaliana purple acid phosphatase 2 (AtPAP2) is a phosphatase dually targeted to the outer membranes of both organelles and it plays a role in the import of selected nuclear-encoded proteins into these two organelles.

Where did mitochondria and chloroplasts come from?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts likely evolved from engulfed prokaryotes that once lived as independent organisms. At some point, a eukaryotic cell engulfed an aerobic prokaryote, which then formed an endosymbiotic relationship with the host eukaryote, gradually developing into a mitochondrion.

How are the chloroplasts and mitochondria related in plant cells?

Chloroplasts are present in photosynthetic plants and is responsible for making the food of the plant. … On the other hand, mitochondria also known as the power house of the cell, uses this oxygen in order to create ATP which is used for various purposes like active transport, releasing minerals and many more in plants.

Why do you think the chloroplast agrees with the mitochondria?

Within the chloroplast is chlorophyll, which captures sunlight. Then, the light energy is used to combine water and carbon dioxide, converting the light energy into glucose, which is then used by the mitochondria to make ATP molecules. The chlorophyll in the chloroplast is what gives plants their green color.

How do the organelles work together?


in what ways are chloroplasts similar to mitochondria



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