what are the most diverse ecosystems in the w
Answer and Explanation: The tropical rainforest biome ...
The Kachina Dolls, which are believed to contain kachina spirits, are given to children in hopes of future abundance and health, as well as tools for education.
In summary, kachinas are the intermediaries between the living (upper world) and lower worlds, dead gods (ancestors) and relatives. Day and night, summer and winter alternate between the two realms. Kachinas of the Hopi and Zuni are closely identified with two major religious concerns: ancestors and rain or moisture.
Native American Hopi artists carve kachina dolls, representing spirits of ancestors.
The Kachina has no spiritual significance in Navajo culture; it is a craft learned as a way for some Navajo people to earn a living. Navajo craftspeople have used concepts from many cultures over the years.
Most of the kachinas on the market, though, are the contemporary ones, which are made only by the Hopi and the Zuni Pueblo. Many sell in the $300 to $1,200 range, John says, with nicer ones selling in the $5,000 to $10,000 range. The very finest contemporary dolls can sell for as much as $50,000.
This Kachina is beneficial to agriculture because he destroys harmful rodents. He symbolizes intelligence, wisdom and a good hunt. The Owl appears in the Mixed Dances. He is best known for his interactions with the Clown Dancers.
In mask: Therapeutic uses. Spirits called katsinas (kachinas), who—tradition holds—first brought rain to the Pueblo tribes, are said to have left their masks behind when sent to dwell in the bottom of a desert lake. The masked dancers embody the return of the kachinas to help bring the rain.
They can be used explicitly for teaching, as Hopi katsinas are. Dolls can give children ways to learn about and model adult behavior. They can demonstrate to non-Indians the diversity of Indian cultures. Because of their universal human appeal, they can represent a bridge of understanding between different cultures.
Katsinas are spiritual messengers. The tithu are given to girls and new brides on dance days during which gifts are given by the Katsinas. The children take them home and through them learn what each Katsina looks like. The tithu are used to teach children about the different Hopi Katsinas.
The Crow Mother is the mother of the Whipper Kachinas and is considered by many Hopi to be the mother of all Kachinas. She leads other Kachinas into the village during Powamu bearing in her arms a basket of corn kernels and bean sprouts to symbolically start the new season properly.
The kachina dolls are sacred objects used in the ceremonies, from February to July. The dolls are given to children in the off-season so they don’t forget what the deities look like. … The Hopi dolls can take from a week to a month to carve. Tradition dictates that only men carve the cottonwood figures.
“Kachina” refers both to ceremonial dances in which these impersonators appear and to carved and painted wooden dolls with masked symbolism. The Zuni word “kok’ko” (ko ‘ko) refers to spirits and supernatural beings which correspond generally and specifically to kachina of the Hopi.
There are more than 250 different Kachinas, each with its own separate attributes, representing everything from animals to abstract concepts. The Hopi were the original Kachina Doll carvers, using a single piece of cottonwood root.
The Hopi language comes from the Uto-Aztecan language family and is related to Shoshone, Comanche and Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs. The Navajo language comes from the Athapaskan language family and is related to the languages of the Cibecue and Tonto Apaches and languages spoken in California, Alaska and Canada.
They are copies of Hopi motifs. They are not original, as Kachina dolls are not part of the Navajo religion. These makers are simply gifted carvers. Only a full blooded Hopi Indian can translate the “essence” of the Kachina doll.
Here is another example of cultural appropriation within the Native American world. Kachina dolls are a part of the culture of the Hopi and Zuni tribes. They are not part of the Navajo culture. … Navajo kachinas are usually less authentic and cheaper than Hopi or Zuni kachinas and are undeniably “appropriated”.
Hopi pottery today is a legacy of the old abandoned Hopi pueblo of Sikyatki. Hopi clay is fired to shades of cream to apricot or light red, depending upon iron content. The most famous Hopi potter is probably Nampeyo, who revived many of the Sikyatki designs in the 1880’s.