what continent is andes mountains in

Rank Range Highest point
1 Andes Mount Aconcagua
2 Southern Great Escarpment Thabana Ntlenyana
3 Rocky Mountains Mount Elbert
4 Transantarctic Mountains Mount Kirkpatrick

What is the climate in the Andes Mountains?

The climate of the Andes is very diverse climate. … The northern part of the Andes is rainy and warm. The southern part is rainy and cold and the central part is very dry. The mountains have a large influence on the climate in the surrounding areas; especially in the interior where the Andes borders the rainforest.

What are the four climate regions of the Andes Mountains?

Vertical climatic zones are particularly well-defined in the Andes, ranging from humid to warm (tierra caliente) at the base or foothills; temperate and semi-humid (tierra templada) at mid-level; cool and dry (tierra fría) in the highlands; and cold to freezing (tierra helada) in the glacial summit areas.

What are the five climate zones of the Andes?

∎ Five climate zones: Caliente (hot), Templada (warm), Fria (cold), Helada (frozen), and Paramos. formed by the subduction of the Pacific plate beneath South America. Argentina – South of Santiago the mountains are lower.

Where do rivers run from the Andes Mountains to?

The major basins lie east of the Andes, and the main rivers flow to the Atlantic Ocean. The four largest drainage systems—the Amazon, Río de la Plata (Paraguay, Paraná, and Uruguay rivers), Orinoco, and São Francisco—cover about two-thirds of the continent.

Are the Rockies and Andes connected?

The Rocky Mountains and Andes Mountains are not connected to one another.

What is South America’s highest point?

Cerro Aconcagua
Cerro Aconcagua, often referred to as simply Aconcagua, is a mountain in Argentina near its border with Chile. Aconcagua is the highest peak in the Western Hemisphere. It is more than 6,706 meters (22,000 feet) high, though the exact height of its highest peak has been the subject of some debate.Sep 20, 2019

What major feature is west of the Andes mountains?

Climate of the Andes

To the west, the dry climate is dominated by the Atacama Desert in northern Chile. The mountains form a rain cover over the eastern plains of Argentina, which have extremely dry weather.

What originated in the Andes of South America?

Potatoes and tomatoes, two of the most widespread crops on our planet, originated from the Andes. Over 3,800 different types of potatoes are grown in Peru alone. Coca leaves also famously originate from the western slopes of the Andean mountains.

Where is Peru?

South America
Peru is the third largest country in South America, after Brazil and Argentina. It is made up of a variety of landscapes, from mountains and beaches to deserts and rain forests. Most people live along the coast of the Pacific Ocean, where the capital, Lima, is located.

How many mountains are in the Andes?

By this criterion there are currently exactly one hundred 6000m peaks in the Andes. Of the total of 100 peaks, 15 are in the Cordillera Blanca of Peru and 39 are in the Puna de Atacama area of Chile and Argentina.

The 6000m peaks of the Andes.

PEAK Ojos del Salado

Are the Rockies and the Andes the same mountain range?

The Rocky Mountains are part of the longest mountain range in the world. They run down the western part of North America, from Alaska to Mexico and continue as the Andes Mountains in South America.

Is Himalaya in Pakistan?

The Himalayas, which have long been a physical and cultural divide between South and Central Asia, form the northern rampart of the subcontinent, and their western ranges occupy the entire northern end of Pakistan, extending about 200 miles (320 km) into the country.

What two plates collided to form the Andes Mountains?

Andes Mountains

American Plate and the oceanic Nazca Plate—gave rise to the orogenic (mountain-building) activity that produced the Andes.

What are the Andes Mountains in geography?

The Andes Mountains run the length of the West Coast of South America, rising in the North in Colombia and finishing in Chile and Argentina in the South. They are world’s longest mountain range running for over 7,000km and covering 6 countries.

Are the Alps in Belgium?

The Alps form a large mountain range dominating Central Europe, including parts of Italy, France, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, Slovenia, Germany and possibly Hungary (if one includes the Kőszeg Mountains in the Alps).

Where is Alps mountain located in world map?

The Alps are an extensive mountain system that is located in south-central Europe. These mountain ranges extend for about 1,200 km in a crescent shape across eight Alpine countries, namely Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

Are there Alps in Italy?

The Italian Alps sweep in an arc from Monaco in the west to Trieste in the east, covering the northern tip of Italy. They are made up of 3 main areas. The western side is the southern end of the high Alps: a dramatic playground of snowcapped mountains bordering France and Switzerland.

What mountains run along California’s coastline?

The coast ranges extend along the coast for about 2/3 the length of the state. They run from the South Fork Mountains of the Klamath Province to the Santa Ynez Mountains of the Transverse Ranges. San Francisco divides them into two ranges (northern and southern).

What mountain ranges run east to west?

Transverse Ranges
The name Transverse Ranges is due to their east–west orientation, making them transverse to the general northwest–southeast orientation of most of California’s coastal mountains. The ranges extend from west of Point Conception eastward approximately 500 kilometers into the Mojave and Colorado Desert.

13 Fascinating Facts About The Andes Mountain

Andes Mountains

SOUTH-AMERICA The Andean Mountains

Living in the Andes Mountains | SLICE

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