what continent is the andes mountains in

What continent is Andes Mountains?

South America
Andes Mountains, also called the Andes, Spanish Cordillera de los Andes or Los Andes, mountain system of South America and one of the great natural features on Earth.

Where are the Andes Mountains located?

South America
The Andes Mountains line the western edge of South America, from Venezuela all the way along Chile to South America’s southern tip, crossing through Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.

Where is Andes in South America?

The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. Along their length, the Andes are split into several ranges, separated by intermediate depressions.

Which climate is located east of the Andes range?

The Andes run through the center of the country. Plains lie along its western coasts. To the east is the lowland jungle of the Amazon Basin. Peru’s climate is diverse; it ranges from temperate to extremely cold in the Andes, to the dry western desert, to tropical in the east.

What originated in the Andes of South America?

Potatoes and tomatoes, two of the most widespread crops on our planet, originated from the Andes. Over 3,800 different types of potatoes are grown in Peru alone. Coca leaves also famously originate from the western slopes of the Andean mountains.

What major feature is west of the Andes mountains?

Climate of the Andes

To the west, the dry climate is dominated by the Atacama Desert in northern Chile. The mountains form a rain cover over the eastern plains of Argentina, which have extremely dry weather.

Why is Andes Mountains important for South America?

The Andes play a vital part in national economies, accounting for a significant proportion of the region’s GDP, providing large agricultural areas, mineral resources, and water for agriculture, hydroelectricity (Figure 1), domestic use, and some of the largest business centres in South America.

Do the Andes go through Brazil?

Going by most geographic definitions, the Andes Mountains of South America do not extend into the country of Brazil.

What type of mountains are the Andes mountains?

Fold mountains are the most common type of mountain in the world. The rugged, soaring heights of the Himalayas, Andes, and Alps are all active fold mountains.

What mountain range runs through the eastern United States?

The Appalachian Mountain system The Appalachians

The Appalachian Mountain system. The Appalachians dominate the eastern United States and separate the Eastern Seaboard from the interior with a belt of subdued uplands that extends nearly 1,500 miles (2,400 km) from northeastern Alabama to the Canadian border.

What is the climate in the Andes Mountains?

The climate of the Andes is very diverse climate. … The northern part of the Andes is rainy and warm. The southern part is rainy and cold and the central part is very dry. The mountains have a large influence on the climate in the surrounding areas; especially in the interior where the Andes borders the rainforest.

What are the four climate regions of the Andes Mountains?

Vertical climatic zones are particularly well-defined in the Andes, ranging from humid to warm (tierra caliente) at the base or foothills; temperate and semi-humid (tierra templada) at mid-level; cool and dry (tierra fría) in the highlands; and cold to freezing (tierra helada) in the glacial summit areas.

What is the climate on the western side of the Andes Mountains?

In Colombia it is wet and warm, with an average temperature of 64°F. In Ecuador it is very warm in the deserts and the average is 68°F and stays that temperature through out Peru, until you get to Bolivia. In Bolivia you would find that it is dry and hot with an average of 64°F.

Which countries in South America are on the equator?

Q: The equator crosses which three South American nations? A: Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil. It misses Peru’s northern tip by a few miles.

Which rivers originate in the Andes Mountains?

The Marañón, Mantaro and Apurímac Rivers originate in the high mountain area of the Peruvian Andes at altitudes over 5,000 metres (16,000 ft). All three sources are considered to be the source of the Amazon, but from different points of view.

What lake straddles the border between Peru and Bolivia?

The lake lies on the high Andes plateau, along the border between Peru and Bolivia. It is the highest major body of navigable water in the world (3,800 meters or 12,500 feet in elevation) and the largest lake in South America. Lake Titicaca is one of the most popular tourist attractions in South America.

How do the Andes Mountains impact South America?

The Andes form a huge barrier between the eastern Pacific Ocean and the rest of the continent of South America. This barrier impacts the climate of South America. … The west side of the central Andes is extremely dry and includes the Atacama Desert in northern Chile; the eastern part of the central Andes is much wetter.

Is the Andes the longest mountain range?

The world’s longest above-water mountain range is the Andes, about 7,000 km (4,300 mi) long. The range stretches from north to south through seven countries in South America, along the west coast of the continent: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina.

How many mountains are in the Andes Mountains?

By this criterion there are currently exactly one hundred 6000m peaks in the Andes. Of the total of 100 peaks, 15 are in the Cordillera Blanca of Peru and 39 are in the Puna de Atacama area of Chile and Argentina.

The 6000m peaks of the Andes.

2
PEAK Ojos del Salado
HEIGHT 6893
GRADE F/PD
AREA Puna

Where is the world’s longest mountain range?

The mid-ocean ridge is the longest mountain range on Earth.

The longest mountain range on Earth is called the mid-ocean ridge. Spanning 40,389 miles around the globe, it’s truly a global landmark. About 90 percent of the mid-ocean ridge system is under the ocean.

Where is Peru?

South America
Peru is the third largest country in South America, after Brazil and Argentina. It is made up of a variety of landscapes, from mountains and beaches to deserts and rain forests. Most people live along the coast of the Pacific Ocean, where the capital, Lima, is located.

Is Himalaya in Pakistan?

The Himalayas, which have long been a physical and cultural divide between South and Central Asia, form the northern rampart of the subcontinent, and their western ranges occupy the entire northern end of Pakistan, extending about 200 miles (320 km) into the country.

Where do rivers run from the Andes Mountains to?

The major basins lie east of the Andes, and the main rivers flow to the Atlantic Ocean. The four largest drainage systems—the Amazon, Río de la Plata (Paraguay, Paraná, and Uruguay rivers), Orinoco, and São Francisco—cover about two-thirds of the continent.

Are the Rockies and Andes connected?

The Rocky Mountains and Andes Mountains are not connected to one another.

Where is Alps mountain?

Located in Central Europe, the Alps stretch across the countries of France, Italy, Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein. As with nearby mountain chains, the Alps are very important as they contribute much of what is left of the original forest cover of central and southern Europe.

What borders South America to the west?

Pacific Ocean
South America is bounded by the Caribbean Sea to the northwest and north, the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast, east, and southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. In the northwest it is joined to North America by the Isthmus of Panama, a land bridge narrowing to about 50 miles (80 km) at one point.Sep 10, 2021

What are the 3 types of mountains?

Types of mountains. There are three main types of mountains: volcanic, fold, and block. A more detailed classification useful on a local scale predates plate tectonics and adds to the above categories.

What are 4 types of mountains?

Mountains are divided into four main types: upwarped, volcanic, fault-block, and folded (complex). Upwarped mountains form from pressure under the earth’s crust pushing upward into a peak. Volcanic mountains are formed from eruptions of hot magma from the earth’s core.

What mountains run along California’s coastline?

The coast ranges extend along the coast for about 2/3 the length of the state. They run from the South Fork Mountains of the Klamath Province to the Santa Ynez Mountains of the Transverse Ranges. San Francisco divides them into two ranges (northern and southern).

Are the Adirondacks part of the Appalachians?

Strictly speaking, neither the Adirondacks nor the Catskills and Poconos are part of the Appalachian Mountains, having much different origins. The Adirondack Mountains (/ædɪˈrɒndæk/) form a massif in northeastern Upstate New York, which is part of the United States.

Which continent is farther north North America or Africa?

North America is farther north than Africa.

Are there seasons in the Andes Mountains?

Even though we learn at our schools that there are four seasons at the southern hemisphere: winter (June to September), spring (September to December), summer (December to March), and autumn (March to June), the reality is that we in the central Andes there are only two clearly differentiated seasons: rainy season ( …

What is the geography of the Andes region?

Mountains & Highlands

Situated on the far western edge of the continent, the Andes stretch from the southern tip to the northernmost coast of South America. There are hundreds of peaks more than 4,500 meters (15,000 feet) tall, many of which are volcanic.

What are the five climate zones of the Andes?

∎ Five climate zones: Caliente (hot), Templada (warm), Fria (cold), Helada (frozen), and Paramos. formed by the subduction of the Pacific plate beneath South America. Argentina – South of Santiago the mountains are lower.

13 Fascinating Facts About The Andes Mountain

Andes Mountains

SOUTH-AMERICA The Andean Mountains

Secrets of The Andes ⛰️ A 4K nature documentary

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