what does continental army mean

The Continental Army had a number of advantages over the British army. Their biggest advantage was that they were fighting for a grand cause, their independence and freedom, which was a very motivating factor.

How did the Continental Army win?

France provided the money, troops, armament, military leadership, and naval support that tipped the balance of military power in favor of the United States and paved the way for the Continental Army’s ultimate victory, which was sealed at Yorktown, VA, five years after Franklin embarked on his mission.

How did the Continental Army defeat the British?

After French assistance helped the Continental Army force the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had effectively won their independence, though fighting would not formally end until 1783.

Who funded the Continental Army?

The American army began receiving the supplies it needed, and for the next three years, Robert Morris personally financed the American Revolution out of his own pocket.

How many soldiers were in the Continental Army?

Over the course of the war, about 231,000 men served in the Continental Army, though never more than 48,000 at any one time, and never more than 13,000 at any one place. The sum of the Colonial militias numbered upwards of 145,000 men.

Was the Continental Army Patriots or Loyalists?

Famous Patriots

Perhaps the most famous patriot at the time was George Washington who led the Continental Army and later became the first President of the United States. Other famous patriots included Paul Revere, Samuel Adams, Ethan Allen, Patrick Henry, and Ben Franklin.

Why did soldiers join the Continental Army?

Men joined the Continental Army for a variety of reasons. For the young men who made up the bulk of the Continental Army, soldiering not only gave them steady employment, but also the opportunity for excitement and adventure.

What did the Continental Army eat?

When no provisions were available, the entire army went without. Rations would consist of beef, pork or salt fish; bread (or flour); peas, beans or vegetables; milk, rice, Indian meal; beer or cider; molasses; candles; soft and hard soap; and rum and whiskey was also authorized, however rarely issued.

Who was the oldest soldier in the Continental Army?

Samuel Whittemore (July 27, 1696 – February 2, 1793) was an American farmer and soldier. He was 78 years old when he became the oldest known colonial combatant in the American Revolutionary War (1775–83).

Was the Continental Army drafted?

Revolutionary American military forces drafted men throughout the conflict. A draft lottery was to be held in February 1778, and the chosen men were to travel north by 31 March. … Congress authorized the first comprehensive Continental army draft in a February 1778 recruiting act.

Was the Continental Army integrated?

The main military force, which coalesced under General George Washington as the Continental Army, was not an integrated army until 1776. … In November of 1775, Washington barred the enlistment of free Blacks and slaves.

What flag did the Continental Army use?

Grand Union Flag
The “Grand Union Flag” (also known as the “Continental Colors”, the “Congress Flag”, the “Cambridge Flag”, and the “First Navy Ensign”) is considered to be the first national flag of the United States of America.

Why are the Minutemen called Minutemen?

Minutemen were civilian colonists who independently formed militia companies self-trained in weaponry, tactics, and military strategies, comprising the American colonial partisan militia during the American Revolutionary War. They were known for being ready at a minute’s notice, hence the name.

Who led the Minutemen at Lexington?

British troops march into the small town of Lexington at about 5:00 a.m. to find themselves faced by a militia company of more 70 men led by Capt. John Parker.

Who fired the first shot of the Revolutionary War?

The British troops confronted one small group in Lexington, and for some reason, a shot rang out. The British opened fire upon the Patriots and then started a bayonet attack, killing eight local militia members.

Why did Washington turn against the British?

While serving in the British Army during the French and Indian War, Washington grew frustrated. He did not understand why Virginians with the same rank were paid less those with royal commissions.

Where did the Continental Army get their weapons?

When the war began, American soldiers used the weapons from their state’s militia stores or from home. Recognizing a shortage, the Continental Congress and the individual colonies placed orders with American gunsmiths to make as many flintlocks as possible. Muskets were also bought from European manufacturers.

How was the Continental Army organized?

The fundamental organization in the Continental Army was the regiment. … Regiments were normally commanded by a colonel, who was assisted by a lieutenant colonel and a major. Companies were commanded by a captain and his subordinate lieutenants, ensigns or cornets (for mounted units).

Who was the leader of the Continental Army?

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