what does orographic mean

orographic precipitation, rain, snow, or other precipitation produced when moist air is lifted as it moves over a mountain range. As the air rises and cools, orographic clouds form and serve as the source of the precipitation, most of which falls upwind of the mountain ridge.

What causes orographic lifting?

Orographic Uplift

Same as Orographic Lifting; occurs when air is forced to rise and cool due to terrain features such as hills or mountains. If the cooling is sufficient, water vapor condenses into clouds. Additional cooling results in rain or snow.

What is Orology geography?

orology. n. (Physical Geography) the study or mapping of relief, esp of mountains.

What is known as orographic or relief rainfall?

Relief or orographic rain is formed when air is forced to cool when it rises over relief features in the landscape such as hills or mountains. As it rises it cools, condenses and forms rain. The highest rainfall totals of over 1,600 mm per year occur in the mountain areas along the west coast.

In which region of Maharashtra orographic rainfall occurs?

Complete answer:

The Western Ghats in India provide favorable conditions for orographic rainfall. The warm and moist air from the Arabian sea is blocked by the Western Ghats and gets lifted over mountain ranges.

How does orographic rainfall occur Class 11?

Orographic rain occurs when the saturated air mass comes across a mountain, it is forced to ascend and as it rises, it expands; the temperature falls, and the moisture is condensed. The chief characteristic of this sort of rain is that the windward slopes receive greater rainfall.

How does the orographic lifting work?

Orographic lift occurs when an air mass is forced from a low elevation to a higher elevation as it moves over rising terrain. As the air mass gains altitude it quickly cools down adiabatically, which can raise the relative humidity to 100% and create clouds and, under the right conditions, precipitation.

Where does orographic uplift occur?

Orographic lifting will occur in the Rocky Mountains on the east side of the range when the wind is from the east. Since the flow is counterclockwise around low pressure, winds will flow from the east on the north side of the low pressure system.

What is orographic lifting kids?

From Academic Kids

Orographic lift occurs when moisture-carrying clouds floating over lower-elevation terrain move over rising terrain. As the clouds are forced to rise in altitude with the air which is carrying them, they cool.

What is Optology?

optology in British English

(ɒptˈɒlədʒɪ) archaic. the science of testing eyes for lenses.

What is Ombrology?

: a branch of meteorology that deals with rain.

What is Oralogy?

Definition of orology

: the science of mountains : orography.

Relief or orographic rainfall

Earth Science – Orographic Effect

Different Types of Rainfall – Convectional, Orographic, Cyclonic Rainfall | UPSC IAS Geography

Orographic Meaning

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