how africa became black
How much of Africa is black? Black Africans made up 79....
Tenochtitlan (Nahuatl languages: Tenōchtitlan pronounced [tenoːt͡ʃˈtit͡ɬan]; Spanish: Tenochtitlan), also known as Mexico-Tenochtitlan (Nahuatl languages: Mēxihco Tenōchtitlan pronounced [meːˈʃiʔko tenoːt͡ʃˈtit͡ɬan]; Spanish: México-Tenochtitlan), was a large Mexica altepetl in what is now the historic center of Mexico …
an urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a city.
The origin of its name are uncertain, but Tenochtitlan is thought to mean “prickly pear growing in the rocks”. Alternatively, it is thought it was named after the Mexica’s founding leader, Tenoch. The correct pronunciation of Tenochtitlan is Teh-nosh-TEE-tlahn. The “ch” is pronounced as an English “sh” sound.
Definition of Inca
1a : a member of the Quechuan peoples of Peru maintaining an empire until the Spanish conquest. b : a king or noble of the Inca empire. 2 : a member of any people under Inca influence.
In less than 200 years, it evolved from a small settlement on an island in the western swamps of Lake Texcoco into the powerful political, economic, and religious center of the greatest empire of Precolumbian Mexico. Tenochtitlan was a city of great wealth, obtained through the spoils of tribute from conquered regions.
Did you know? During the Aztec period, Mexico City was initially built over a lake, the Lago de Texcoco. Aztecs built an artificial island by dumping soil into the lagoon. Later, the Spaniards erected a second Mexico City atop the ruins of Tenochtitlán.
Overlooking the enormous park is the Castillo de Chapultepec (Chapultepec Castle), formerly an imperial palace and presidential residence dating from the late 18th century, with fabulous views of the city. In the afternoon, travel across Mexico City to the Plaza de la Constitución, known to locals as the Zócalo.
Early on in the history of the city the Aztecs built causeways and canals for transportation to and from the city. A causeway is a raised road that allowed the people to easily travel over the swampy and wet areas. There were three major causeways that led from the island city to the mainland.
The flag of Mexico (Spanish: Bandera de México) is a vertical tricolor of green, white, and red with the national coat of arms charged in the center of the white stripe.
Flag of Mexico.
|Variant flag of Flag of the United Mexican States|
While the town known to the Aztecs as Teotihuacan was a much smaller place than the Early Classic city—and much smaller than the great Aztec capital Tenochtitlan/Mexico City—it was strategically important as a regional political capital.
She was one of 20 enslaved women given to the Spaniards in 1519 by the natives of Tabasco.
|Known for||Role in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire|
|Children||Martín Cortés María|
Definition of Quechua
1 : a family of languages spoken by Indian peoples of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile, and Argentina. 2a : a member of an Indian people of central Peru. b : a group of peoples forming the dominant element of the Inca Empire.
English (East Midlands): habitational name from Hopwell in Derbyshire, named with Old English hop ‘valley’ + well(a) ‘spring’, ‘stream’.
Cusco, often spelled Cuzco ([ˈkusko]; Quechua: Qusqu ([ˈqɔsqɔ])), is a city in southeastern Peru near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region and of the Cusco Province. The city is the seventh most populous in Peru and, in 2017, had a population of 428,450.
Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli, also called Xiuhpilli (“Turquoise Prince”) and Totec (“Our Lord”), Aztec sun and war god, one of the two principal deities of Aztec religion, often represented in art as either a hummingbird or an eagle.
[C16: from Spanish, from Quechua inka king] ˈIncan adj.
1 : confined in a jail or prison Michigan law allows convicted felons to vote and run for office unless they are currently incarcerated, or if their offenses are fraud-related or constitute a breach of public trust.
Tenochtitlán was an Aztec city that flourished between A.D. 1325 and 1521. Built on an island on Lake Texcoco, it had a system of canals and causeways that supplied the hundreds of thousands of people who lived there. … Aztec capital.
Bernal Diaz del Castillo, one of Cortés’ men, describes Tenochtitlán: When we saw all those cities and villages built on water; and the other great towns on dry land, and that straight and level causeway leading to Mexico, we were astounded.
How might Tenochtitlan location have been both a benefit and a hindrance. It was a benefit because you could see attackers. but also a hindrance because its resources could be cutoff in times of war. Who was the ruler of Aztecs when Cortés and conquistadors came to Mexico?
The floating gardens (chinampas) of Xochimilco, near Mexico City, formerly supplied crops to the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán and are still utilized for the cultivation of flowers and vegetables.
The city now known as Mexico City was founded as Mexico Tenochtitlan in 1325 and a century later became the dominant city-state of the Aztec Triple Alliance, formed in 1430 and composed of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan.
The Aztec city was on an island in Lake Texcoco, but the Spanish drained the surrounding lake over centuries and expanded Mexico City onto the new land. Today, much of the city stands on layers of sand and clay — up to 100 yards deep — that used to be under the lake.