what are the levels of structural organizatio
What Are The Levels Of Structural Organization? Life pr...
Republic: “A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives…” Democracy: “A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.”
Democracy, which derives from the Greek word demos, or people, is defined, basi- cally, as government in which the supreme power is vested in the people. In some forms, democracy can be exercised directly by the people; in large societies, it is by the people through their elected agents.
Before Rome was an empire the Rome was a Roman Republic a government in which citizens had the power to elect their own representatives. They elected to main officials called consuls, they were elected officials who reported to the Roman Senate. They also were once ruled by a monarchy.
Rome was able to gain its empire in large part by extending some form of citizenship to many of the people it conquered. Military expansion drove economic development, bringing enslaved people and loot back to Rome, which in turn transformed the city of Rome and Roman culture.
The republic that had existed for over 400 years had finally hit a crisis it couldn’t overcome. Rome itself wouldn’t fall, but during this period it lost its republic forever. The man who played the biggest role in disrupting Rome’s republic was Augustus Caesar, who made himself the first emperor of Rome in 27 B.C.E.
The Senate was the most powerful branch of the Roman republic, and senators held the position for life. The executive branch was made up of two consuls, elected yearly. These two consuls had almost kingly powers, and each could veto, or disapprove of the other’s decision.
The highest positions in the government were held by two consuls, or leaders, who ruled the Roman Republic. A senate composed of patricians elected these consuls. At this time, lower-class citizens, or plebeians, had virtually no say in the government.
The consul of the Roman Republic was the highest ranking ordinary magistrate. Two Consuls were elected every year, and they had supreme power in both civil and military matters.
They contributed to democratic principles by making laws that gave people the responsibility to vote, follow laws, do jury duty, pay taxes, elect senators, have the courts punish all people the same way, and allow people in the government to have equal power and to veto others’ ideas.
The Constitution establishes a federal democratic republic form of government. That is, we have an indivisible union of 50 sovereign States. It is a democracy because people govern themselves. It is representative because people choose elected officials by free and secret ballot.
The United States is a representative democracy. This means that our government is elected by citizens. Here, citizens vote for their government officials. These officials represent the citizens’ ideas and concerns in government.
Communism. Communism is a centralized form of government led by a single party that is often authoritarian in its rule.
A dictatorship is a form of government where one leader has absolute control over citizens’ lives. If there is a constitution, the dictator has control over that, too—so it doesn’t mean much.
The People (Voters) are the Real rulers in a democracy. The voters are the real rulers in democracy because they are the one who decide who will be the next head (ruler) . In case they don’t like the work done by a head they have complete right to remove that head.
– A dictatorship was established to govern the republic. Laws were applied equally to all Roman citizens.
The senate acted as an advisory council to the consuls. It eventually gave way to the Roman Empire when Julius Caesar seized control and appointed himself dictator. Individual freedoms such as trial by jury and right of appeal.
Republic: ruled by the senate, people were forced to join the army. Empire: ruled by one person, the senate were just there, people volunteered to join the army.
What military conquests did the Romans carry out during the Republic? first punic war, second punic war, third punic war.
The Roman Empire dramatically shifted power away from representative democracy to centralized imperial authority, with the emperor holding the most power. As a result of this redistribution of power, the popular assemblies that functioned during the republican period became less important and lost power.
He wielded his power to enlarge the senate, created needed government reforms, and decreased Rome’s debt. At the same time, he sponsored the building of the Forum Iulium and rebuilt two city-states, Carthage and Corinth. He also granted citizenship to foreigners living within the Roman Republic.
In the end, Caesar’s grandnephew and adoptive son Octavian emerged as Rome’s leader. He renamed himself Augustus Caesar. The reign of Augustus marked the end of the Roman Republic and the start of the Roman Empire.Apr 6, 2020
Caesar’s assassination at age 55 made him a martyr and incited a cycle of civil wars resulting in the downfall of the Roman Republic and the rise to power of his grandnephew and heir Gaius Octavius (Octavian) — later known as Augustus Caesar — to emperor of the Roman Empire.
The two most powerful magistrates in Rome were called consuls (KAHN-suhlz). The consuls were elected each year to run the city and lead the army. There were two consuls so that no one per- son would be too powerful. Below the consuls were other magis- trates.
In times of crisis, the republic could appoint a dictator, which was a leader who had absolute power to make laws and command the army. A dictator’s power lasted for only six months. Dictators were chosen by the consuls and then elected by the senate.
The Roman Empire reached its greatest extent in 117 CE, under the emperor Trajan.
5 of Rome’s Greatest Emperors
what is a republic
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