what is a volcanologist

What does a volcanologist do?

Volcanology is a young and exciting career that deals with the study of one of the earth’s most dynamic processes – volcanoes. Scientists of many disciplines study volcanoes. Physical volcanologists study the processes and deposits of volcanic eruptions.

How much money do volcanologists make?

The Economic Research Institute estimates that volcanologists average $111,182 a year in 2020 – a relatively high salary when compared to other scientists. However, salaries can range anywhere from $77,818 and $138,104 a year, and some volcanologists can even earn bonuses, depending on the employer and region.

What do volcanologists do to study volcanoes?

Volcanologists use many different kinds of tools including instruments that detect and record earthquakes (seismometers and seimographs), instruments that measure ground deformation (EDM, Leveling, GPS, tilt), instruments that detect and measure volcanic gases (COSPEC), instruments that determine how much lava is …

What volcanology means?

volcanology, also spelled vulcanology, discipline of the geologic sciences that is concerned with all aspects of volcanic phenomena. … Volcanology is the science of volcanoes and deals with their structure, petrology, and origin. It is… Interest in volcanic phenomena extends back to ancient times.

How many years does it take to become a volcanologist?

You have to go back to school to get a doctor of philosophy (Ph. D.) degree in geology. This will probably take four to five years of additional study and research after you have completed a B.S.

How many hours does a volcanologist work?

If the weather is good, volcanologists have the opportunity to put in about a 10-hour day that includes walking, observing, sketching, taking notes, photographing and sampling. Once the data is collected, however, it must be analyzed.

How do you become a volcanologist?

Volcanologists require a bachelor’s degree at minimum in geology, geophysics, or earth science. However, a bachelor’s degree typically provides little specialized knowledge of volcanoes and will only allow someone to obtain an entry-level position in the field.

Who is a famous volcanologist?

David Alexander Johnston (December 18, 1949 – May 18, 1980) was an American United States Geological Survey (USGS) volcanologist who was killed by the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens in the U.S. state of Washington.

David A. Johnston.

David Alexander Johnston
Occupation Volcanologist

How hot is lava?

The temperature of lava flow is usually about 700° to 1,250° Celsius, which is 2,000° Fahrenheit. Deep inside the earth, usually at about 150 kilometers, the temperature is hot enough that some small part of the rocks begins to melt. Once that happens, the magma (molten rock) will rise toward the surface (it floats).

What do you call a volcano that hasn’t erupted in 200 years?

Why a dormant volcano is not a dead one. … A dormant volcano is one that is “sleeping” but could awaken in the future, such as Mount Rainier and Mount Fuji. An extinct volcano is “dead” — it hasn’t erupted in the past 10,000 years and is not expected to ever erupt again.

How many volcanologists are there in the world?

Nonetheless, the International Association of Volcanology and Chemisty of the Earth’s Interior, which is the main professional organization for volcanologists, currently has around 1500 members from around the world. This includes people from many sub-disciplines that study every aspect of volcanoes.

What are three tools that volcanologists use to study volcanoes?

Volcanologists’ Tools

  • Tiltmeters. Scientists use tiltmeters to measure extremely subtle changes in a volcano’s slope. …
  • Gas Samples. A geologist cools a sample of molten lava in a can of water. …
  • Thermal Imagers. …
  • Seismic Monitors. …
  • Radar Mapping Instruments.

Who was the first volcanologist?

I think most volcanologists would agree that their science began with the detailed description of the AD 79 eruption of Vesuvius by Pliny the Younger. He described the earthquakes before the eruption, the eruption column, air fall, the effects of the eruption on people, pyroclastic flows, and even tsunami.

Which words describe a volcanologist?

A volcanologist, or volcano scientist, is a geologist who focuses on understanding the formation and eruptive activity of volcanoes.

Sub-disciplines of volcanology

  • Igneous petrologist.
  • Physical volcanogist – someone who typically studies the physical characteristics of volcanic ash deposits and rocks.

Is volcanologist a real word?

The term volcanology is derived from the Latin word vulcan. Vulcan was the ancient Roman god of fire. A volcanologist is a geologist who studies the eruptive activity and formation of volcanoes and their current and historic eruptions.

Where would a volcanologist work?

Where do volcanologists work? Jobs in volcanology are found government agencies, such as the U.S. Geological Survey and the state geological surveys, in private companies and in non-profit an academic institutions.

What skills does a volcanologist need?

What are the Important Qualities a Volcanologist Needs?

  • Good communication skills that provide the ability to present findings clearly, especially to those with no background in geosciences.
  • Critical thinking skills in order to base findings on solid observation and careful evaluation of data.

Where do geochemists work?

Most geochemists are employed by oil companies, environmental agencies, government agencies, universities and colleges and research facilities.

Where can you study volcanology?

In the western U.S., there are a number of schools that provide advantages to students wishing to pursue a career in volcanology.

  • University of Alaska, Fairbanks. …
  • Oregon State University. …
  • University of Hawaii. …
  • University of Washington.

What is the difference between lava and magma?

Scientists use the term magma for molten rock that is underground and lava for molten rock that breaks through the Earth’s surface.

How old is David A Johnston?

30 years (1949–1980)

What does a volcanologist wear?

Volcanologists wear protective suits with a metal coating that reflects the heat of the volcano, leaving the person inside cool. The suit can resist temperatures of up to 3,000°F (1,650°C). Heatproof boots help the volcanologists walk across the red-hot lava.

Can you pee in lava?

While exploring an active volcano, Dante Lopardo decided to urinate on some molten rock, which has a temperature of about 700°C. As seen in the video Lopardo took, the pee instantly vaporizes as it hits the liquid rock and the lava sizzles.

Has anyone fell into a volcano?

Despite their ubiquity all over Hawaii’s Big Island, it’s rare for someone to actually fall into a lava tube, experts have said. But it can happen. And on Monday, police said it happened to an elderly man — in his own backyard. … He was transported to the hospital, where he was pronounced dead, police said.

Can anything stop lava?

There is no way to stop the flow of lava, scientists say. … They did, however, have some success in diverting the lava from the island’s harbor, but they were unable to stop the flow. That eruption killed one person and destroyed portions of several towns.

Can extinct volcanoes come back to life?

Even dormant volcanoes are becoming active and not only that, but also extinct volcanoes are coming back to life. An extinct volcano by definition is dead volcano, which has not erupted in the last 10,000 years and is not expected to ever erupt again.

Can extinct volcanoes erupt again?

Active volcanoes have a recent history of eruptions; they are likely to erupt again. Dormant volcanoes have not erupted for a very long time but may erupt at a future time. Extinct volcanoes are not expected to erupt in the future.

Is Yellowstone active dormant or extinct?

Q: Is the volcano dormant or extinct or still active? A: The Yellowstone Volcano is still active. Evidence for the activity of the Yellowstone Volcano are the 1,000 to 3,000 earthquakes per year, active ground deformation, and the over 10,000 thermal features found in Yellowstone.

Can volcanologists predict eruptions?

Volcanologists can predict eruptions—if they have a thorough understanding of a volcano’s eruptive history, if they can install the proper instrumentation on a volcano well in advance of an eruption, and if they can continuously monitor and adequately interpret data coming from that equipment.

What destroyed the city of Pompeii?


what is a volcanologist



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