explain how ozone in the stratosphere is form
Ozone is formed when heat and sunlight cause chemical r...
In glycolysis, glucose (C6) is split into two 3-carbon (C3) pyruvate molecules. This releases energy, which is transferred to ATP. How many ATP molecules are made during this stage of cellular respiration?
During glycolysis, glucose is broken down in ten steps to two molecules of pyruvate, which then enters the mitochondria where it is oxidised through the tricarboxylic acid cycle to carbon dioxide and water. Glycolysis can be split into two phases, both of which occur in the cytosol.
Through two distinct phases, the six-carbon ring of glucose is cleaved into two three-carbon sugars of pyruvate through a series of enzymatic reactions. The first phase of glycolysis requires energy, while the second phase completes the conversion to pyruvate and produces ATP and NADH for the cell to use for energy.
Aerobic (“oxygen-using”) respiration occurs in three stages: glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport. In glycolysis, glucose is split into two molecules of pyruvate.
During the process of photosynthesis, cells use carbon dioxide and energy from the Sun to make sugar molecules and oxygen. … Therefore, the synthesis of glucose and its breakdown by cells are opposing processes.
There are four stages: glycolysis, the link reaction, the Krebs cycle and oxidative phosphorylation. During glycolysis, glucose molecules (six-carbon molecules) are split into two pyruvates (three-carbon molecules) during a sequence of enzyme-controlled reactions. This occurs in both aerobic and anaerobic respiration.
Glucose enters cells where it undergoes phosphorylation to form glucose-6-phosphate. Changing the form that the glucose is in means that glucose cannot be transported back outside the cell, and the cells sense that the concentration of glucose is higher outside the cell than inside.
Most of the cells in your body use glucose along with amino acids (the building blocks of protein) and fats for energy. But it’s the main source of fuel for your brain. Nerve cells and chemical messengers there need it to help them process information.
A primary role for the glucose molecule is to act as a source of energy; a fuel. Plants and animals use glucose as a soluble, easily distributed form of chemical energy which can be ‘burnt’ in the cytoplasm and mitochondria to release carbon dioxide, water and energy.
Glucose enters the erythrocyte by facilitated diffusion via a specific glucose transporter, at a rate of about 50,000 times greater than uncatalyzed transmembrane diffusion.
Glucose is used by the plant, with much of it being converted into other carbohydrates like starch and cellulose.
The cellular process of releasing energy from food through a series of enzyme-controlled reactions is called respiration . Some of the energy released is used to produce ATP. … Aerobic respiration occurs if oxygen is present in the cell.
Glucose is the most important substrate of cell metabolism. It is the carbohydrate fulfilling the task of being the energy transport system of the body. Several parts of the body like the nervous system or blood cells are completely dependent on glucose as the supplier of energy.
This molecule of the sugar glucose consists of 6 carbon atoms bonded together as a chain with additional atoms of oxygen and hydrogen.
Glucose is the main type of sugar in the blood and is the major source of energy for the body’s cells. Glucose comes from the foods we eat or the body can make it from other substances. Glucose is carried to the cells through the bloodstream. Several hormones, including insulin, control glucose levels in the blood.
Glucose belongs to the family of carbohydrates. It is a monosaccharide (simple sugar) naturally present in all living beings on Earth and is their most important source of energy. It is found in high quantities in fruit (including berries), vegetables and honey.