what is northern and southern hemisphere

What Is Northern And Southern Hemisphere?

The Northern Hemisphere contains North America, the northern part of South America, Europe, the northern two-thirds of Africa, and most of Asia. The Southern Hemisphere contains most of South America, one-third of Africa, Australia, Antarctica, and some Asian islands.

Which country is in the northern and Southern Hemisphere?

The only nation to be situated in all the four hemispheres is the island nation of Kiribati. It has been observed that a total of 12 countries are located in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres of the Earth.

Which countries are in Northern Hemisphere?

Countries in the Northern Hemisphere include the United States, Canada, Russia and all of the countries in Europe. Other countries in the Northern Hemisphere are Kazakhstan, Belarus, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia. All territory north of the equator is considered part of the Northern Hemisphere.

Which country is in Southern Hemisphere?

Note: The two continents which completely lie in the southern hemisphere are Australia and Antarctica. Other countries entirely in the Southern hemisphere are Uruguay and Paraguay in South America, South Africa and Zambia in Africa, East Timor in Asia etc.

What is the relationship between the northern and Southern Hemisphere?

The northern and southern hemispheres always experience opposite seasons. This is because due to the tilted axis of the earth, the north pole remains inclined towards the sun for a part of the year while the south pole is tilted away. For the remaining part of the year, the situation is reversed.

What does hemisphere mean?

1 : one of the halves of the earth as divided by the equator or by a meridian. 2 : a half of a sphere. 3 : either the left or the right half of the cerebrum.

What hemisphere is America?

The Northern Hemisphere contains North America, the northern part of South America, Europe, the northern two-thirds of Africa, and most of Asia. The Southern Hemisphere contains most of South America, one-third of Africa, Australia, Antarctica, and some Asian islands.

What are 5 countries in the southern hemisphere?

Entirely in Southern Hemisphere:

  • Argentina.
  • Bolivia.
  • Chile.
  • Paraguay.
  • Peru.
  • Uruguay.

Is India in the southern hemisphere?

India is a vast country. Lying entirely in the Northern hemisphere (Figure 1.1) the main land extends between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E.

Is India in Northern Hemisphere?

Northern and Southern. Hint: India has its territories extending above the Equator and it is the continent of Asia lies entirely in the Eastern Hemisphere. … Northern and Eastern – The Indian Territory does not extend beyond the equator, so it is in the Northern Hemisphere.

Which are northern countries?

The Northern Countries in World Economy : Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden.

Is India below the equator?

India is situated north of the equator between 8°4′ north to 37°6′ north latitude and 68°7′ east to 97°25′ east longitude. … India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west.

How many countries are in the world?

There are 195 countries in the world today. This total comprises 193 countries that are member states of the United Nations and 2 countries that are non-member observer states: the Holy See and the State of Palestine.

Which country is in all 4 hemispheres?

Kiribati consists of 32 atolls and one solitary island (Banaba), extending into the eastern and western hemispheres, as well as the northern and southern hemispheres. It is the only country that is situated within all four hemispheres.

Where is the equator?

The Equator is the invisible line that runs around the center of the Earth at 0 degrees latitude. An equator is an imaginary line around the middle of a planet or other celestial body. It is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole, at 0 degrees latitude.

What is hemisphere shape?

Hence, a hemisphere is a 3D geometric shape that is half of a sphere with one side flat and the other side as a circular bowl. … The flat side of the hemisphere is known as the base or the face of the hemisphere. Therefore, a hemisphere is considered as an exact half of a sphere.

What is hemisphere example?

Hemisphere is defined as half of the world, globe or brain. An example of hemisphere is the southern part of the world. An example of hemisphere is the left side of the brain.

Why is it called hemisphere?

A hemisphere is half of a sphere. … Hemisphere comes from the Greek, and combines the prefix hemi-, for “half,” with sphere, or “perfectly round ball.” We talk about the earth as divided at the equator into the northern and southern hemispheres (or divided at the prime meridian into eastern and western hemispheres).

What is hemisphere geography?

In geography and cartography, the hemispheres of Earth refer to any division of the globe into two hemispheres (from Ancient Greek ἡμισφαίριον hēmisphairion, meaning “half of a sphere”). The most common such divisions are by latitudinal or longitudinal markers: North–South.

Which country is north of the equator?

It is equal distance from the North and South Poles. England is North of the Equator. Google maps to look at countries that are North of the Equator. Australia is South of the Equator.

What’s the difference between north and South America?

Key Difference: North America and South America are two continents. However, North America is in the Northern Hemisphere, i.e. north of the equator, while South America is in the Southern South America, i.e. south of the equator.

Is the sun in the north in the southern hemisphere?

For example, in the southern hemisphere, the Sun remains in the north during winter, but can reach over the zenith to the south in midsummer. … During the winter solstice, Sun does not rise more than 16.56° above the horizon at midday, but 63.44° in summer solstice above the same horizon direction.

Which hemisphere is China in?

China is part of the northern and eastern hemispheres, placing the country well above the equator.

Which country is closest to Australia?

Australia is separated from Indonesia to the northwest by the Timor and Arafura seas, from Papua New Guinea to the northeast by the Coral Sea and the Torres Strait, from the Coral Sea Islands Territory by the Great Barrier Reef, from New Zealand to the southeast by the Tasman Sea, and from Antarctica in the far south …

Northern Hemisphere vs Southern Hemisphere – What’s The Difference between them

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