how does weather form
How Does Weather Form? Weather on Earth is caused by he...
Crust. … Tarbuck, Earth’s crust is made up of several elements: oxygen, 46.6 percent by weight; silicon, 27.7 percent; aluminum, 8.1 percent; iron, 5 percent; calcium, 3.6 percent; sodium, 2.8 percent, potassium, 2.6 percent, and magnesium, 2.1 percent.
Matter can exist in one of three main states: solid, liquid, or gas. Solid matter is composed of tightly packed particles. A solid will retain its shape; the particles are not free to move around. Liquid matter is made of more loosely packed particles.
State of Matter
The crust is an outer solid layer where life as we know it exists with mountains, sea, and soil. The oceanic crust is made from basalt rock that is thinner than the continental crust, but it is more dense. The mantle is the Earth’s thickest layer.
At 25 to 70 km, continental crust is considerably thicker than oceanic crust, which has an average thickness of around 7–10 km. About 40% of Earth’s surface area and about 70% of the volume of Earth’s crust is continental crust.
The temperature of the crust increases with depth, reaching values typically in the range from about 500 °C (900 °F) to 1,000 °C (1,800 °F) at the boundary with the underlying mantle. The crust and underlying relatively rigid mantle make up the lithosphere.
The crust consists of majority of, silica and aluminium and is called ‘SIAL’, mantle is called SIMA due to the majority of silica and magnesium and is called SIMA, which makes the bed of oceans and the core is called NIFE with excess of Nickel and Iron (Ni + Fe).
about 2,900 kilometers
The mantle is about 2,900 kilometers (1,802 miles) thick, and makes up a whopping 84% of Earth’s total volume.Aug 11, 2015
about 2,200 kilometers
The outer core, about 2,200 kilometers (1,367 miles) thick, is mostly composed of liquid iron and nickel.Aug 17, 2015
The crust is thickest under high mountains and thinnest beneath the ocean. The continental crust consists of rocks such as granite, sandstone, and marble. The oceanic crust consists of basalt.
Matter is everything around us. Atoms and molecules are all composed of matter. Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Matter consist of atoms that are divisible and composed of protons, neutrons and electrons.
The crust is thickened by the compressive forces related to subduction or continental collision. The buoyancy of the crust forces it upwards, the forces of the collisional stress balanced by gravity and erosion. This forms a keel or mountain root beneath the mountain range, which is where the thickest crust is found.
Oceanic crust is thinner and denser than continental crust. Continental crust is much thicker than oceanic crust. It is 35 kilometers (22 miles) thick on average. All three major rock types—igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary—are found in the crust.
The mantle is much thicker than the crust; it contains 83 percent of Earth’s volume and continues to a depth of 2,900 km (1,800 miles). Beneath the mantle is the core, which extends to the centre of Earth, some 6,370 km (nearly 4,000 miles) below the surface.
Oceanic crust differs from continental crust in several ways: it is thinner, denser, younger, and of different chemical composition. Like continental crust, however, oceanic crust is destroyed in subduction zones.
The high temperatures in this area is what makes the material to be semimolten in nature. In the centre of the earth is a metal core that is hot and dense, this is what causes thge materias underneath the crust molten in nature.
(i) Nife is so called as Ni stands for Nickel and Fe stands for Iron.
The Earth’s crust is called SIAL as it consists of majority of, silica and aluminium. The Earth’s mantle is called SIAL as it is mainly composed of silica and magnesium.
Earth’s mantle is a layer of silicate rock between the crust and the outer core. It has a mass of 4.01 × 1024 kg and thus makes up 67% of the mass of Earth. It has a thickness of 2,900 kilometres (1,800 mi) making up about 84% of Earth’s volume.
Structure of the Earth
|Thickness (km)||Density (g/cm3)|
Abstract. Global observations show that the crustal thickness varies through the tectonic regions. While the continental crust is 30–70 km thick, the oceanic crustal thickness is 6–12 km. The oceanic crust is also denser (2.8–3.0 g/cm3) than the continental crust (2.6–2.7 g/cm3).
Answer: Ocean basins have 6–7 km thick crust (not including 4–5 km of water) and continents have an average thickness of 39.7 km. The crust is typically 30 km thick at the ocean-continent margin and gradually increases toward the continental interior to 40–45 km.
The crust ranges from 5–70 km (~3–44 miles) in depth and is the outermost layer. The thinnest parts are oceanic crust, while the thicker parts are continental crust.
The mantle’s thickness is about 2900 km – so if you consider the Earth’s core as one big thing, then the core is the “thickest layer” (though has a bigger radius is probably a better way of saying it) – but the idea of a separate outer and inner core is generally accepted.
Matter can be defined or described as anything that takes up space, and it is composed of miniscule particles called atoms. It must display the two properties of mass and volume.
In terms of composition, matter can be broadly classified as elements, compounds and mixtures.
what is the composition of the crust
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