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As you increase in elevation, there is less air above you thus the pressure decreases. As the pressure decreases, air molecules spread out further (i.e. air expands) and the temperature decreases.
The temperature varies independently of altitude in the exosphere, unlike all layers below it.
Temperature is the degree of hotness or coldness of an object.
Answer: the height of an object or point in relation to sea level or ground level.
Altitude and Climate:
Altitude describes how high a certain point is located above sea level or ground level. Climate, often confused with short-term weather trends, describes the long-term prevailing weather patterns of a region. For example, the American Southwest has a climate that is dry and hot.
Temperature and humidity affect the Earth’s weather, human health and human well-being. Air temperature changes affect how much water vapor the air can hold. Values such as relative humidity and dew point help describe these effects on weather.
Relative humidity changes when temperatures change. Because warm air can hold more water vapor than cool air, relative humidity falls when the temperature rises if no moisture is added to the air.
The relation between humidity and temperature formula simply says they are inversely proportional. If temperature increases it will lead to a decrease in relative humidity, thus the air will become drier whereas when temperature decreases, the air will become wet means the relative humidity will increase.
Why so Hot? The depth and shape of Death Valley influence its summer temperatures. The valley is a long, narrow basin 282 feet (86 m) below sea level, yet is walled by high, steep mountain ranges. … These moving masses of super heated air blow through the valley, creating extreme high temperatures.
Winter temperatures in Oymyakon, Russia, average minus 50 C ( minus 58 F). The remote village is generally considered the coldest inhabited area on Earth. Oymyakon is a two-day drive from Yakutsk, the regional capital which has the lowest winter temperatures of any city in the world.Mar 25, 2021
Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. … Distance from the sea – Oceans heat up and cool down much more slowly than land. This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
The pattern of temperature increase with height in the stratosphere is the result of solar heating as ultraviolet radiation in the wavelength range of 0.200 to 0.242 micrometre dissociates diatomic oxygen (O2). The resultant attachment of single oxygen atoms to O2 produces ozone (O3).
2.4.1 Variations of pressure and density with altitude
For example, in the troposphere, the variation of temperature with altitude is given by the equation T = T0 – λ h (2.4) where T0 is the sea level temperature, T is the temperature at the altitude h and λ is the temperature lapse rate in the troposphere.
Most of the heating of the troposphere is caused by heating from the ground and not from direct heating by the Sun’s radiation. Thus, the effect of this heating reduces as altitude increases. Moreover, the dust particles are becomes negligible as one go higher up. This also reduces the temperature at higher elevation.