what is the state of matter of the asthenosphere

Lithosphere: includes the crust and upper mantle. Is composed of a rigid solid. Asthenosphere: lower mantle, composed of “plastic solid” akin to playdoh. Outer core: liquid.

What state is the Earth’s asthenosphere?

The asthenosphere is the denser, weaker layer beneath the lithospheric mantle. It lies between about 100 kilometers (62 miles) and 410 kilometers (255 miles) beneath Earth’s surface. The temperature and pressure of the asthenosphere are so high that rocks soften and partly melt, becoming semi-molten.

What is the asthenosphere made of?

The asthenosphere is also known as the “low velocity” zone of the mantle because seismic waves slow down as they pass through it. This property tells us that the asthenosphere is composed of partially molten rock slushlike material consisting of solid particles with liquid occupying spaces in between.

Is the asthenosphere liquid?

1) The asthenosphere is a layer of semi-molten rock. The temperature is just below the melting point of rock, so it’s too hot to be solid like the crust, but still too cool to be liquid.

Which correctly describes the asthenosphere?

The asthenosphere (Ancient Greek: ἀσθενός [asthenos] meaning “without strength” and σφαίρα [sphaira] meaning “sphere”) is the highly viscous, mechanically weak, and ductile region of the upper mantle of Earth. It lies below the lithosphere, between approximately 80 and 200 km (50 and 120 miles) below the surface.

What is the asthenosphere quizlet?

asthenosphere. the upper layer of the earth’s mantle, below the lithosphere, in which there is relatively low resistance to plastic flow and convection is thought to occur. plate tectonics theory.

What is the state of matter of the lower mantle?

The mantle stretches down into Earth for 2,900 km. Due to greater pressure down low, the lower mantle remains in a solid state of matter even though it is very hot.

What layer of the Earth is the asthenosphere part of?

Asthenosphere is a layer of the Earth which lies below the crust and at the upper part of the mantle.

How do the lithosphere and asthenosphere differ?

The lithosphere is the brittle crust and uppermost mantle. The asthenosphere is a solid but it can flow, like toothpaste. The lithosphere rests on the asthenosphere.

Is the asthenosphere part of the core?

It consists of an outer silicate solid crust, a highly viscous asthenosphere and solid mantle, a liquid outer core whose flow generates the Earth’s magnetic field, and a solid inner core.

What is a asthenosphere science definition?

noun. a thin semifluid layer of the earth (100–200 km thick), below the outer rigid lithosphere, forming part of the mantle and thought to be able to flow vertically and horizontally, enabling sections of lithosphere to subside, rise, and undergo lateral movementSee also isostasy.

Is lower mantle solid or liquid?

The lower mantle is the liquid inner layer of the earth from 400 to 1,800 miles below the surface. The lower mantle has temperatures over 7,000 degrees Fahrenheit and pressures up to 1.3 million times that of the surface near the outer core.

How are the lithosphere and the asthenosphere defined quizlet?

The lithosphere is the tectonic plate and consists of crust (continental and oceanic), Moho line, Upper Mantle Rigid. The asthenosphere is where the convection currents drive the plates apart and consist of Upper Mantle flowing. … They drive the divergent and subduction to move the tectonic plates.

Why is the asthenosphere not liquid?

The asthenosphere is a shallow layer of the upper mantle and lies directly below the lithosphere. The state of matter of the asthenosphere is a solid; however, it has “plasticity” that allows it to flow. It is a layer of solid rock where the extreme pressure and heat cause the rocks to flow like a liquid.

What is the importance of the asthenosphere?

The asthenosphere is important because it is the force behind the plate tectonic motion and continental drift. It lubricates the plate tectonics. The asthenosphere has a fluid-like properties with high viscosity that the crust rides on.

What are the properties of the asthenosphere important?

The asthenosphere keeps Earth’s crust from getting too hot. Earth’s plates float on the denser asthenosphere. The depth of the asthenosphere keeps pressure on Earth’s core. The asthenosphere allows Earth’s crust to move.

What is under the asthenosphere?

The asthenosphere is the ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, including the upper mantle.

Where is the asthenosphere located quizlet?

The asthenosphere is located below the lithosphere. Tectonic plates move on top of the asthenosphere.

What is occurring in the asthenosphere?

The asthenosphere is the more plastic, molten layer below the more rigid crust. Crustal blocks like tectonic plates ride across the asthenosphere, being pushed and pulled by the convection (rising hot, sinking cold). The heat transfer helps dictate plate tectonics.

Why is the asthenosphere important quizlet?

What is the importance of the asthenosphere? It is the plastic region of the Earth’s interior that enables the crustal plates above to move.

What is the state of matter for each layer of the earth?

The inner core is solid, the outer core is liquid, and the mantle is solid/plastic. This is due to the relative melting points of the different layers (nickel–iron core, silicate crust and mantle) and the increase in temperature and pressure as depth increases.

What can we conclude about the state of matter for the asthenosphere layer?

Although the asthenosphere is solid, not liquid, it flows at geological rates, up to several cm (several inches) per year. In other words, the asthenosphere behaves much more plastically than the rigid lithosphere above it does.

What state of matter is the core?

Although the inner core is very hot, it is solid because it is experiencing very high pressure. The pressure in the outer core is not high enough to make it solid.

Where is the top of the asthenosphere closest to the earth’s surface?

The depth of the top of the asthenosphere ranges from a few miles near mid-ocean ridges to 62-93 miles (100-150 km) beneath old oceanic crust (far removed from mid-ocean ridges) and 155-186 miles (250-300 km) beneath continental cores or cratons.

What is the density of the asthenosphere?

-Asthenosphere – mean density about 3.3 g/cc. Denser and hotter than lithosphere above. under tremendous pressure and heat so that it is “soft”, near melting point, and flows plastically.

Where are the lithosphere and asthenosphere located?

The lithosphere is the solid, outer part of the Earth. It includes the brittle upper portion of the mantle and the crust, the planet’s outermost layers. The lithosphere is located below the atmosphere and above the asthenosphere. The asthenosphere is made of melted rock that gives it a thick, sticky consistency.

Why the upper mantle is called as the asthenosphere?

Answer: The asthenosphere is known to be for its weak layer in the upper mantle. The asthenosphere is made of solid rock, when given heat and pressure, the rocks flow like a liquid. … The name asthenosphere is taken from Greek which means weak sphere.

What is asthenosphere in your own words?

: a zone of a celestial body (such as the earth) which lies beneath the lithosphere and within which the material is believed to yield readily to persistent stresses.

What is asthenosphere in geography class 11?

Asthenosphere: The upper portion of the mantle is called asthenosphere. The word astheno means weak. It is considered to be extending upto 400 km. It is the main source of magma that finds its way to the surface during volcanic eruptions. Density: It has a density higher than the crust’s (3.4 g/cm3).

What is an example of an asthenosphere?

What is an example of the asthenosphere? The upper layer of asthenosphere under the South American plate, for example, is moving inexorably westward. The plates constitute the hard lithosphere – literally, ‘sphere of rock’ – which floats atop the hot, semi-molten asthenosphere – ‘sphere of weakness’.

Is magma solid or liquid?

Magma is extremely hot liquid and semi-liquid rock located under Earth’s surface. Earth has a layered structure that consists of the inner core, outer core, mantle, and crust.

Is asthenosphere a magma?

Under the continents is a layer of solid rock known as the upper mantle or asthenosphere. … Magma is created when pressure changes melt the rock. For instance, as two tectonic plates collide, one plate may get forced under the other plate.

Is magma found in asthenosphere?

asthenosphere, zone of Earth’s mantle lying beneath the lithosphere and believed to be much hotter and more fluid than the lithosphere. … Convection currents generated within the asthenosphere push magma upward through volcanic vents and spreading centres to create new crust.

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