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What Two Countries Border Mexico On The Southeast? The ...
In the city-state of Sparta, an oligarchy controlled the power. The citizens had little say in the decisions made by the government but, at the time, this was the structure that existed. The Spartans gave up an emphasis on comfort and culture for a more disciplined military approach.
Sparta was called an oligarchy because the real power was in the hands of a few people. The important decisions were made by the council of elders. Council members had to be at least 60 and wealthy. Council members served for life.
Ancient Greece, in its early period, was a loose collection of independent city states called poleis. Many of these poleis were oligarchies. … Yet Sparta, in its rejection of private wealth as a primary social differentiator, was a peculiar kind of oligarchy and some scholars note its resemblance to democracy.
Athenian democracy refers to the system of democratic government used in Athens, Greece from the 5th to 4th century BCE. Under this system, all male citizens – the dēmos – had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena.
Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.
Terms in this set (10) Which best describes the Spartan government? It had elements of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy.
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
Among the ancient city-states, Sparta was the most feared. It had evolved over 700 years into a repressive oligarchic society that has been portrayed by political scientists as the model for the 20th-century totalitarian dictatorship of Nazi Germany, Soviet Russia, Fascist Italy, and Communist China.
Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member ‘council of elders’ limited their powers. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates. … Beneath this highest class was a middle class, called the Perioeci.
In the simplest terms, Sparta was not a democracy because the people (demos) did not have power (kratos). Sparta was an oligarchy ruled by two kings, a council of elders called the Gerousia, and a board of five officials called Ephors. In the government of the state, the Assembly had little more than an advisory role.
Sparta functioned under an oligarchy. The state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families, both supposedly descendants of Heracles, and equal in authority so that one could not act against the power and political enactments of his colleague.
Terms in this set (10) Which characteristic of government describes Athens, not Sparta? All citizens could debate any issue. Who was forced to raise food for the soldiers?
How are the governments of Sparta and the United States similar? Both systems separate governmental powers into three different branches. How did Pericles influence the formation of the United States government? … The Romans established a system of justice based on written laws.
|This city had a representative government to lead the city.||Athens|
|In this city children were educated to fight.||Sparta|
|This city did not allow weak children to live.||Sparta|
|Form of government where power is held by the people.|
They are alike because both had slaves and women could not take part in government. They are different because Athens was a democracy and Sparta was a strictly-ruled military state. In Athens, women had very few rights. In Sparta, women had more rights than other city-states.
Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). Spartan culture was centered on loyalty to the state and military service.
They were economically privleged and had all political power. They were forbidden to engage in farming, trade and industry > done by lower social classes.
Which best describes how Sparta’s culture influenced the city-state’s government? Sparta was a society based on being prepared for war, and its government was also based on this concept.
The United States is a representative democracy. This means that our government is elected by citizens. Here, citizens vote for their government officials. These officials represent the citizens’ ideas and concerns in government.
What is democracy? … A democratic country has a system of government in which the people have the power to participate in decision-making. Each democracy is unique and works in different ways. In some democracies citizens help make decisions directly by voting on laws and policy proposals (direct democracy).
Direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of democracy in which the electorate decides on policy initiatives without legislative representatives as proxies. This differs from the majority of currently established democracies, which are representative democracies.
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … Lastly, Sparta is the best polis of ancient Greece because women had freedom.
Why did Sparta develop its unique form of government? – Sparta:Land grab and a military build up to maintain. Built by military culture. … Major Key Question: What were the main stages in the transformation of Athens from an aristocratic state to a democracy between 600 and 500 BCE?
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|Who made the most important government decisions in Sparta?||The Council of Elders|
|Sparta used heavy iron bars as money. What conclusion does this suggest?||Sparta discouraged trade with other city-states|
Upper classes had all power and privilege. Helots (slaves) did all nonmilitary work. All citizens were equal. Women and slaves were excluded from becoming citizens.