what makes up climate

Whereas weather refers to short-term changes in the atmosphere, climate describes what the weather is like over a long period of time in a specific area. Different regions can have different climates.

What are the major determinants of climate of a place explain them?

The climate of any particular place is influenced by a host of interacting factors. These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.

What are the 7 climate factors?

These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.

What are the 6 types of climates?

There are six main climate regions: tropical rainy, dry, temperate marine, temperate continental, polar, and highlands. The tropics have two types of rainy climates: tropical wet and tropical wet-and- dry.

Is wind weather or climate?

Weather is the day-to-day state of the atmosphere, and its short-term variation in minutes to weeks. People generally think of weather as the combination of temperature, humidity, precipitation, cloudiness, visibility, and wind. … Climate is the weather of a place averaged over a period of time, often 30 years.

What are the controls of weather and climate?

Weather and climate are controlled by the heat that is passed between the atmosphere, the air, and the ocean. By absorbing heat, the ocean helps to keep the weather balanced around the world.

What is a major determinant of weather?

The three main factors of weather are light (solar radiation), water (moisture) and temperature.

What are the factors affecting the climate of a place explain any five?

Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude, Altitude, relief, currents and winds and distance from the sea.

What are examples of climate?

Climate is the average of that weather. For example, you can expect snow in the Northeast in January or for it to be hot and humid in the Southeast in July. This is climate. The climate record also includes extreme values such as record high temperatures or record amounts of rainfall.

How many climates are there?

There are approximately five main climate types on Earth:

  • Tropical.
  • Dry.
  • Temperate.
  • Continental.
  • Polar.

What are the 8 climate zones?


  • POLAR AND TUNDRA. Polar climates are cold and dry, with long, dark winters. …
  • DESERT. …

Is tropical a climate?

Tropical climate is one of the five major climate groups in the Köppen climate classification. Tropical climates are characterized by monthly average temperatures of 18 ℃ (64.4 ℉) or higher year-round and feature hot temperatures. … The annual temperature range in tropical climates is normally very small.

What is climate short answer?

Climate is the average weather in a given area over a longer period of time. A description of a climate includes information on, e.g. the average temperature in different seasons, rainfall, and sunshine. Also a description of the (chance of) extremes is often included.

Does the sun control the weather?

The Sun and the weather. The energy that the Earth receives from the Sun is the basic cause of our changing weather. Solar heat warms the huge air masses that comprise large and small weather systems. … However, at higher altitudes, the atmosphere reacts strongly to changes in solar activity.

What would happen if Earth had the same kind of climate throughout?

Same weather everywhere would mean no flow of wind or very slow flow of wind, perhaps no movement in the oceans and may be no rains etc. Change and heterogeneity is the law of nature.

What exactly is climate control?

Climate control is to be able to control the climate inside of a vehicle at all times as opposed to at any one time. A car with climate control has the ability to keep the temperature inside of a car at a constant without the intervention of the driver through the use of air conditioning.

What causes Earth’s weather?

Weather occurs primarily due to air pressure, temperature and moisture differences between one place to another. These differences can occur due to the sun angle at any particular spot, which varies by latitude from the tropics.

How are winds formed?

Wind is air in motion. Wind forms when the sun heats one part of the atmosphere differently than another part. This causes expansion of warmer air, making less pressure where it is warm than where it is cooler. Air always moves from high pressure to lower pressure, and this movement of air is wind.

Is snow a climate?

snow and ice climate, major climate type of the Köppen classification characterized by bitterly cold temperatures and scant precipitation.

Is summer a climate?

The date of the beginning of summer varies according to climate, tradition, and culture. When it is summer in the Northern Hemisphere, it is winter in the Southern Hemisphere, and vice versa.


Temperate season
Solar (Celtic) season 1 November – 31 January
Summer Spring Autumn Winter

What determines climate for kids?

Many factors affect climate. These factors include the Sun, oceans, winds, land types, clouds, and human activities. Sunlight affects climate by hitting Earth unevenly. Places near the Equator receive lots of strong sunlight throughout the year.

What climates does Hawaii not have?

There are only five climate zones that you can not find on the Big Island of Hawaii.

These are:

  • Winter dry (temperate climate)
  • Winter dry (continental climate)
  • Summer dry (continental climate)
  • Continuously wet (continental climate)
  • Polar ice caps (polar climate)

Why is Hawaii so warm?

Hawaii’s Blazing Sun

Hawaii is close to the equator so the sun is closer to the earth than anywhere in the continental US.

Is Hawaii considered tropical?

The American state of Hawaii, which covers the Hawaiian Islands, is tropical but it experiences many different climates, depending on altitude and surroundings. … The islands receive most rainfall from the trade winds on their north and east flanks (the windward side) as a result of orographic precipitation.

Why is the equator wet?

Near the Earth’s equator, solar heating is intense year round. The Sun heats the ocean, evaporating tremendous amounts of water. This daily cycle of heating, evaporation, and convection creates a persistent band of showers and storms around Earth’s middle.

Causes and Effects of Climate Change | National Geographic

Climate for Kids – Types of Climate

What is Climate Change? | Start Here

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