what were the causes and effects of the vietnam war?

After more than a century of foreign domination and 21 years of war and division, Vietnam was finally a single, independent nation, free from external control and interference. Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City, in honour of the revolutionary leader, who had died six years earlier.

How were Vietnamese civilians affected by the war?

The widespread destruction of the farms and villages in the South Vietnamese countryside turned huge numbers of peasants into homeless refugees. Many of these people fled to the cities, where they made a living any way they could—including through illegal activities.

How did the Vietnam War end and what were its lasting effects?

How did the Vietnam War end, and what were its lasting effects? … forced Vietnam to the peace table, won treaty concessions from them* that protected freedom for South Vietnam, and withdrew our troops with those agreements in place.

What was one effect of the Vietnam War quizlet?

Caused a reluctance to commit U.S. troops for extended military action abroad. Showed that foreign policy can be altered by public opinion. Led to greater public distrust of governmental policies.

What were the causes of the Vietnam War and why did the United States enter quizlet?

The United States entered the war to prevent the spread of communism. North Vietnam was communist and wanted to make North Vietnam and South Vietnam one country. The United States entered this war prevent the spread of communism over South- East Asia.

How did the Vietnam War end quizlet?

The Vietnam War ended with an agreement called the Paris Peace Accords. This agreement between the United States and North Vietnam stated that the US would pull out all of it’s remaining troops from the country, in return for all of the Americans being held of prisoners of war to be returned/released.

How did the Vietnam War affect soldiers?

The Vietnam conflict impacted veterans in a variety of ways. Most combat soldiers witnessed violence and lost friends to the horrors of war. … Some American veterans bore emotional and physical injuries that they would carry for the rest of their lives.

What effect did the geography of Vietnam have on fighting during the Vietnam War?

Q. What effect did the geography of Vietnam have on fighting during the Vietnam War? Viet Cong forces took the fightinginto the dense jungles where theycould confuse the Americans. Viet Cong forces preferred to limitmost fighting to cities where theyfought most effectively.

How did the Vietnam War affect America economically?

U.S. gross domestic product by year reveals that the war boosted the economy out of a recession caused by the end of the Korean War in 1953. Spending on the Vietnam War played a small part in causing the Great Inflation that began in 1965. … That boosted economic growth enough to reduce the level of deficit spending.

How did the Vietnam War affect Vietnam economy?

Destruction caused by the 1954-1975 Second Indochina War (commonly known as the Vietnam War) seriously strained Vietnam’s economy. … More than 30,000 private businesses had been created, and the economy was growing at an annual rate of more than 7 percent, and poverty was nearly halved.

What effect did the Vietnam War have on domestic US politics?

The Vietnam War had a profound effect on America. Domestically, the unpopularity of the war led to the end of the military draft in 1973, and since then, the U.S. has yet to conscript troops from the general population again. The war also drastically decreased Americans’ trust in political leaders.

How did the Vietnam War affect children?

During the war years life for children was very hard, in both the North and the South of Vietnam. Houses and schools were bombed and destroyed. Many children became homeless and their schools had to be moved around or lessons had to take place after dark to avoid being targeted by heavy bombings.

What is the long term effects of war?

War destroys communities and families and often disrupts the development of the social and economic fabric of nations. The effects of war include long-term physical and psychological harm to children and adults, as well as reduction in material and human capital.

Why did US lose Vietnam War?

America “lost” South Vietnam because it was an artificial construct created in the wake of the French loss of Indochina. Because there never was an “organic” nation of South Vietnam, when the U.S. discontinued to invest military assets into that construct, it eventually ceased to exist.

What were the causes of America’s involvement in Vietnam?

China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.

How did communism cause the Vietnam War?

The causes of the Vietnam War revolve around the simple belief held by America that communism was threatening to expand all over south-east Asia. Neither the Soviet Union nor the United States could risk an all-out war against each other, such was the nuclear military might of both.

Who led Vietnam after the war?

Ho Chi Minh’s communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam took control of the zone to the north of the 17th parallel, while the State of Vietnam, created by the French in 1949 and increasingly supported by the Americans, administered the south.

What happened in Vietnam after the US left?

What happened after the United States withdrew from the war? After the U.S. had withdrawn all its troops, the fighting continued in Vietnam. South Vietnam officially surrendered to communist North Vietnam on April 30, 1975. On July 2, 1976, Vietnam was reunited as a communist country, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

How did Vietnam recover after the Vietnam War?

The war in Vietnam finally ended in 1975, when North Vietnamese troops captured the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon. The following year, the Communist leaders of North Vietnam reunited the two halves of the country to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV).

How did the Vietnam War affect the environment?

Many effects of the Vietnam War on the environment have proved irreversible. Many species of animals and vegetation were greatly reduced and, in some cases, became extinct. In these situations, little can be done to amend the problems that the war created for the ecology of Vietnam.

Did the US lose the Vietnam War?

The United States forces did not lose, they left. … America lost approximately 59,000 dead during the Vietnam War, yet the NVA/VC lost 924,048. America had 313,616 wounded; the NVA/VC had approximately 935,000 wounded. North Vietnam signed a truce on Jan.

What was it like to be in the Vietnam War?

Vietnam War soldiers also struggled with boredom

At times, Vietnam resembled “a hated, dreary struggle” that dragged on and on with no end in sight. Since large-scale warfare was rare, soldiers could go for weeks without encountering enemy forces, but far from being a respite, the quiet only heightened the tension.

What long term effects did the Vietnam War have on the United States quizlet?

What was the long-term impact of the Vietnam War on the United States? The war contributed to internal disorder and antigovernment sentiment. Despite efforts to pursue a delicate balance between Israel and the Arab nations, the Nixon administration sided with Israel in which October 1973 conflict?

What impact did the Vietnam War have on Australian society?

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