what were the differences between athens and sparta

Upper classes had all power and privilege. Helots (slaves) did all nonmilitary work. All citizens were equal. Women and slaves were excluded from becoming citizens.

Branch of Government Sparta Athens
Judicial Kings acted as judges. Court- very large juries chosen by lot who used secret ballots to reach a verdict.

How did the Spartan military differ from the Athenian military?

The main differences were born out as an extension of the focus of each polis. Athens was a cultural and creative haven while Sparta was a militaristic society. … While Athens did have a strong military, its soldiers were more militia than regular army.

What type of government did the Sparta have?

Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member ‘council of elders’ limited their powers. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates.

What were Athens and Sparta primarily known for?

In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy. … The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war.

What are the main differences between the powerful city states of Sparta and Athens what was valued in each of the city states?

Each city-state ruled itself. They differed greatly from the each other in governing philosophies and interests. For example, Sparta was ruled by two kings and a council of elders. It emphasized maintaining a strong military, while Athens valued education and art.

Was Athens better than Sparta?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.

Who won between Sparta and Athens?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.

Did Spartans throw babies off cliffs?

The Greek myth that ancient Spartans threw their stunted and sickly newborns off a cliff was not corroborated by archaeological digs in the area, researchers said Monday. … “It is probably a myth, the ancient sources of this so-called practice were rare, late and imprecise,” he added.

Did the Athens beat Sparta?

When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military superiority and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.

How did women’s rights differ between Athens and Sparta?

Women in Sparta had more rights than women in Athens as well. Spartan women could inherit property while Athenian women had no such rights. Spartan women had the rights to own wealth and property. … In contrary to Spartan, Athenian women could not own property in their own right.

What was Sparta for kids?

Sparta was a city-state of ancient Greece. It was the chief city of a region called Laconia. Spartans loved military strength and ruled harshly.

Who did the Spartans fight?

The year is 480. Three hundred Spartans, joined by a small force of Greeks, defend the mountain pass of Thermopylae against the invading Persians. If the 300 Spartans had stayed home and if Persians had won the Greco-Persian Wars, the Western concept of freedom most likely would not exist.

What caused the fall of Sparta?

Sparta entered its long-term decline after a severe military defeat to Epaminondas of Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra. … As Spartan citizenship was inherited by blood, Sparta increasingly faced a helot population that vastly outnumbered its citizens. The alarming decline of Spartan citizens was commented on by Aristotle.

How did Spartans treat their wives?

To contemporaries outside of Sparta, Spartan women had a reputation for promiscuity and controlling their husbands. Unlike their Athenian counterparts, Spartan women could legally own and inherit property and they were usually better educated.

Why did the Spartans fear the helots?

Owing to their own numerical inferiority, the Spartans were always preoccupied with the fear of a helot revolt. The ephors (Spartan magistrates) of each year on entering office declared war on the helots so that they might be murdered at any time without violating religious scruples.

Who are stronger Vikings or Spartans?

If all Viking armies (or even one Army of any Viking nation) went to war with Sparta, they would easily win. The Vikings have hundreds of years of technology above Sparta but here are other reasons to look at: Sparta could not field massive armies.

What was Sparta’s focus as a city state?

Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.

Why did Sparta have 2 Kings?

Who had slaves Athens or Sparta?

Like most of the ancient world, Athens had slaves, who had been captured in wars. About 100,000 men and women slaves made up about a third of the population.

Why was Athens army better than Sparta?

Ancient Athens, had a much more stronger basis than ancient Sparta. All the sciences, democracy, philosophy etc were originally found in Athens. Sparta’s only ace was its military way of life and war tactics. Athens also had much more trading power, and controlled more land than Sparta.

How did women’s rights differ between Athens and Sparta quizlet?

– Women fought in the military in Athens, but not in Sparta. – Women could vote and participate in government in Sparta, but not in Athens. Women received education in athletics and defense in Sparta, but not in Athens.

Who won the Persian War?

Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.

In what way did a boy’s life in Athens differ from a boy’s life in Sparta?

Q. In what way did a boy’s life in Athens differ from a boy’s life in Sparta? Athenian boys went to school; Spartan boys served in the military. Athenian boys studied combat; Spartan boys played sports.

What was Sparta’s education like?

what were the differences between athens and sparta

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