why is southeast asia considered a crossroads
Southeast Asia is a geographically expansive and populo...
The death of the sun
This is 77 times longer than the Tyrannosaurus-Rex has been extinct … a very, very long time. When the sun starts to die, it will get bigger and slightly colder, turning into what astronomers call a “red giant”. It will get so big, that it will eat Mercury, Venus and even Earth.
The Sun as a red giant will then… go supernova? Actually, no—it doesn’t have enough mass to explode. Instead, it will lose its outer layers and condense into a white dwarf star about the same size as our planet is now. … A planetary nebula is the glowing gas around a dying, Sun-like star.
Five billion years from now, the sun will have grown into a red giant star, more than 100 times larger than its current size. It will also experience an intense mass loss through a very strong stellar wind. The end product of its evolution, 7 billion years from now, will be a tiny white dwarf star.
By that point, all life on Earth will be extinct. The most probable fate of the planet is absorption by the Sun in about 7.5 billion years, after the star has entered the red giant phase and expanded beyond the planet’s current orbit.
4.543 billion years
A relatively simple calculation would show that the Earth’s surface temperature would drop by a factor of two about every two months if the Sun were shut off. The current mean temperature of the Earth’s surface is about 300 Kelvin (K). This means in two months the temperature would drop to 150K, and 75K in four months.
After the Sun exhausts the hydrogen in its core, it will balloon into a red giant, consuming Venus and Mercury. Earth will become a scorched, lifeless rock — stripped of its atmosphere, its oceans boiled off. Astronomers aren’t sure exactly how close the Sun’s outer atmosphere will come to Earth.
In about one billion years the Sun will begin to die. As that happens it will heat up and essentially melt the surface of the Earth before becoming a red giant and engulfing the planet entirely — unless we move the planet. … It is possible for the Earth to survive the death of the Sun.
The moon influences life as we know it on Earth. It influences our oceans, weather, and the hours in our days. Without the moon, tides would fall, nights would be darker, seasons would change, and the length of our days would alter.
This is exciting space news and worth sharing with more sky watch enthusiasts. In 2022—only a few years from now—an odd type of exploding star called a red nova will appear in our skies in 2022. This will be the first naked eye nova in decades.
No, the Sun isn’t “made of fire”. It’s made mostly of hydrogen and helium. Its heat and light come from nuclear fusion, a very different process that doesn’t require oxygen. Ordinary fire is a chemical reaction; fusion merges hydrogen nuclei into helium, and produces much more energy.
Humanity has a 95% probability of being extinct in 7,800,000 years, according to J. Richard Gott’s formulation of the controversial Doomsday argument, which argues that we have probably already lived through half the duration of human history.
By the year 1 trillion, the accelerating universe will have infinitely stretched the light from all external galaxies – assuming dark energy truly is Einstein’s cosmological constant and not an unstable field that winds up destroying the universe. … Their existence will show that the universe cannot be eternal.
approximately 1 billion years
Based on this, the UN Population Division expects the world population, which is at 7.8 billion as of 2020, to level out around 2100 at 10.9 billion (the median line), assuming a continuing decrease in the global average fertility rate from 2.5 births per woman during the 2015–2020 period to 1.9 in 2095–2100, according …
Eratosthenes then measured the angle of a shadow cast by a stick at noon on the summer solstice in Alexandria, and found it made an angle of about 7.2 degrees, or about 1/50 of a complete circle.
Earth’s first animal was the ocean-drifting comb jelly, not the simple sponge, according to a new find that has shocked scientists who didn’t imagine the earliest critter could be so complex.Apr 9, 2008
One of the earliest known humans is Homo habilis, or “handy man,” who lived about 2.4 million to 1.4 million years ago in Eastern and Southern Africa.
And without sunlight, the Earth would get very, very cold. Earth’s surface temperature now averages about 57 degrees Fahrenheit, but by the end of the first week without the sun, the average surface temperature would be below the freezing point.
With no sunlight, photosynthesis would stop, but that would only kill some of the plants—there are some larger trees that can survive for decades without it. Within a few days, however, the temperatures would begin to drop, and any humans left on the planet’s surface would die soon after.
The Sun could not harbor life as we know it because of its extreme temperatures and radiation. Yet life on Earth is only possible because of the Sun’s light and energy.