chinchilla how long do they live
The oldest chinchilla ever was Radar (Germany, b. 01 Fe...
U.S. Tsunami Hazard Levels
|Alaska Arctic Coast||Very Low|
|U.S. Gulf Coast||Very Low||1|
|Runup is the maximum elevation of the tsunami flooding on shore. Tsunamis with runups over one meter (~3 feet) are particularly dangerous to people and property, but smaller tsunamis also pose threats.|
These subduction zones are both smaller and much less active the subduction zones that circle the Pacific, so the Atlantic has many fewer tsunamis.
the Pacific Ocean
The largest number of earthquakes occur around the rim of the Pacific Ocean associated with a series of volcanoes and deep-ocean trenches known as the “Ring of Fire”. As a result, the largest source region for tsunamis is in the Pacific Ocean with 71% of all occurrences.
In the last decade alone, deadly tsunamis have occurred in Chile (2007, 2010), Haiti (2010), Indonesia (2004, 2005, 2006, 2010), Japan (2011), Peru (2001), Samoa – American Samoa – Tonga (2009), Solomons (2007). Of these, only Indonesia (2004) and Japan (2011) caused deaths at distant shores.
Here are some of the countries that often score the highest results in terms of being safe from natural disasters.
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (also known as the Boxing Day Tsunami and, by the scientific community, the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake) occurred at 07:58:53 in local time (UTC+7) on 26 December, with an epicentre off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.
1.5 How often do tsunamis happen? According to the Global Historical Tsunami Database, tsunamis that cause damage or deaths near their source occur approximately twice per year. Tsunamis that cause damage or deaths on distant shores (more than 1,000 kilometers, 620 miles, away) occur about twice per decade.
List of natural disasters in Australia
|Black Friday bushfires||1938-39||71|
Here is a report on other “minor” deadly tsunamis occurred in the last 10 years:
Records of Tsunamis affecting Australia
There have been over fifty recorded incidents of tsunamis affecting the Australian coastline since European settlement. Most of these tsunamis have resulted in dangerous rips and currents rather than land inundation.
Maximum runups in excess of 15 m were measured for the 1946 and 1957 distant tsunamis and the 1975 local tsunami. Since 1812, there have been 135 confirmed tsunamis. Nine tsunamis caused 294 deaths and damage totaling over USD $600 million (2016 dollars), with 88% of the fatalities on Hawai’i island (60% in Hilo).
This statistic shows the countries with the lowest risk of natural disasters according to the Global Risk Index in 2020. At this time, Qatar, with an index value of 0.31, was the safest country in the world.
Safest countries according to the World Risk Index 2020.
|Characteristic||World Risk Index score|
Qatar – is the country with the lowest disaster risk in 2020 – 0.31 (“0” being the best score). It registered a low score for the exposure (0.91) and susceptibility (8.32) indicators; however, it shows a relatively high score related to the lack of adaptive capacities (64.58);
1. Michigan. Located in the Midwest, Michigan is one of the safest states from natural disasters as shown by data from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Michigan is generally safe from hurricanes, tornadoes, and earthquakes.
The 10 most significant natural disasters worldwide by death toll from 1980 to 2019
|Earthquake, tsunami (Thailand*, December 26, 2004)||220,000|
|Earthquake (Haiti, January 12, 2010)||159,000|
|Cyclone Nargis, storm surge (Myanmar, May 2-5, 2008)||140,000|
10 worst tsunamis in history
The 2020 Aegean Sea earthquake, also known as the Samos–İzmir earthquake, occurred on 30 October 2020, with a moment magnitude of 7.0, about 14 km (8.7 mi) northeast of the Greek island of Samos.
2020 Aegean Sea earthquake.
|A collapsed building in İzmir, Turkey|
|Tsunami||3.8 – 6 metres (12.5 – 19.7 ft)|
|Foreshocks||Three months prior to earthquake|
Since 1933, 31 tsunamis have been observed in Crescent City. Four of those caused damage, and one of them, in March 1964, remains the “largest and most destructive recorded tsunami to ever strike the United States Pacific Coast,” according to the University of Southern California’s Tsunami Research Center.
Tsunami of January 22, 2017 (Bougainville, P.N.G.) Tsunami of December 17, 2016 (New Britain, P.N.G.)
The proximity of Southern Mindanao to Celebes Sea, where undersea earthquakes frequently occur, makes this part of the country most vulnerable to tsunamis. Three of the ten provinces most at risk to tsunamis are located in Southern Mindanao, namely Sulu, Tawi–tawi and Basilan.
The exposed coastlines on the American West Coast are the most tsunami-prone region in the United States. The states of California, Oregon, and Washington have suffered the consequences of tsunamis that originated as far away as Russia and South America.
As our experiments demonstrated, it can be concluded that when people are engulfed within tsunami waves, PFDs will provide them with a higher chance of survival because they will remain on the surface of tsunami waves and are still able to breathe.
You can’t surf a tsunami because it doesn’t have a face. … On the contrary, a tsunami wave approaching land is more like a wall of whitewater. It doesn’t stack up cleanly into a breaking wave; only a portion of the wave is able to stack up tall.