who wrote the republic in ancient greece

Shortly after he founded the Academy, Plato wrote his most important work, The Republic. In this work, Plato attempted to design an ideal society and government that were free of injustice and conflict. Plato wrote his work as a dialogue among characters. The main character was Socrates, who voiced Plato’s ideas.

Who wrote republic in 360 BC?

Plato probably wrote The Republic in about 360 BC, roughly 20 years later than Charmides, but the character of Socrates seems to be a bit younger here.Aug 30, 2017

Why was The Republic written?

Plato. … Written after the Peloponnesian War, The Republic reflected Plato’s perception of politics as a dirty business that sought mainly to manipulate the unthinking masses. It failed to nurture wisdom. It starts out as a dialogue between Socrates several young men on the nature of justice.

Who was the famous philosopher of Greece wrote republic?

What is Plato known for? Plato’s most famous work is the Republic, which details a wise society run by a philosopher. He is also famous for his dialogues (early, middle, and late), which showcase his metaphysical theory of forms—something else he is well known for.

Who wrote republic?


Where was Plato when he wrote the republic?

In 387 B.C., Plato resettled in Athens and founded the Academy, probably the first institution of its kind, and the model for the Western university. Plato and other teachers instructed students from all over the Mediterranean in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, politics, and the natural and mathematical sciences.

What is Plato’s real name?

It was claimed that Plato’s real name was Aristocles, and that ‘Plato’ was a nickname (roughly ‘the broad’) derived either from the width of his shoulders, the results of training for wrestling, or from the breadth of his style, or from the size of his forehead.

Is Plato a Aristotle?

Plato (c. 428–c. 348 BCE) and Aristotle (384–322 BCE) are generally regarded as the two greatest figures of Western philosophy. … Although Aristotle revered his teacher, his philosophy eventually departed from Plato’s in important respects.

What is justice Plato Republic?

Justice is, for Plato, at once a part of human virtue and the bond, which joins man together in society. … Justice is an order and duty of the parts of the soul, it is to the soul as health is to the body. Plato says that justice is not mere strength, but it is a harmonious strength.

Who wrote the politics?


What was Plato’s purpose for writing The Republic?

Plato’s strategy in The Republic is to first explicate the primary notion of societal, or political, justice, and then to derive an analogous concept of individual justice. In Books II, III, and IV, Plato identifies political justice as harmony in a structured political body.

What are the three waves in The Republic?

In order to establish a ‘right’ politics, citizens must organize themselves on the base of these waves or principles: 1st: same education for men and women; 2nd: community of the property, that means the abolition of the private property for the ruling class; 3rd: the philosophers-kings, that is the government of the …

What are Plato’s dialogues?

In these influential dialogues—Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Meno, Phaedo, Symposium—Plato employs the dialectic method to examine the trial and death of his mentor, Socrates, and address the eternal questions of human existence.

Did Socrates write books?

Socrates wrote nothing. All that is known about him has been inferred from accounts by members of his circle—primarily Plato and Xenophon—as well as by Plato’s student Aristotle, who acquired his knowledge of Socrates through his teacher.

Who is the father of philosophy?

Socrates of Athens
Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.

Who wrote the book republic Class 8?

Answer: Plato

The Republic book was authored by Plato in around 375 B.C.

Who wrote the book The Republic concerning justice answer?

Plato: The Republic: A Dialogue Concerning Justice (Plato by Thomas Taylor Book 3) Kindle Edition.

Who wrote the book A Theory of Justice?

A Theory of Justice/Authors
Since it appeared in 1971, John Rawls’s A Theory of Justice has become a classic. The author has now revised the original edition to clear up a number of difficulties he and others have found in the original book.Sep 30, 1999

Did Plato write the republic after Socrates death?

Death of Socrates by Jacque-Louis David, 1787 (Wikimedia Commons). In his Republic, Plato describes an ideal City in which a wise philosopher such as Socrates (about to be executed by Athens, here) would rule. … The Republic is thought to have been written in what is called Plato’s middle period.

Who is called the father of political science?

Ancient. The antecedents of Western politics can be traced back to the Socratic political philosophers, such as Aristotle (“The Father of Political Science”) (384–322 BC). Aristotle was one of the first people to give a working definition of political science.

Does Plato believe in God?

To Plato, God is transcendent-the highest and most perfect being-and one who uses eternal forms, or archetypes, to fashion a universe that is eternal and uncreated. … God must be a first cause and a self-moved mover otherwise there will be an infinite regress to causes of causes.

Was Socrates a real person?

Yes. At least no modern scholars really question the fact he existed. Socrates was a very well-known figure at Athens during his own lifetime and his execution in 399 BC catapulted him into even greater and more lasting fame.

What does Aristotle mean in Greek?

Aristotle, whose name means “the best purpose” in Ancient Greek, was born in 384 BC in Stagira, Chalcidice, about 55 km (34 miles) east of modern-day Thessaloniki. His father, Nicomachus, was the personal physician to King Amyntas of Macedon.

How long did Aristotle live?

Aristotle (c. 384 B.C. to 322 B.C.) was an Ancient Greek philosopher and scientist who is still considered one of the greatest thinkers in politics, psychology and ethics. When Aristotle turned 17, he enrolled in Plato’s Academy.

What was the native place of Socrates?


How is Aristotle different from Socrates?

Introduction. While Socrates casted fatalistic and monolithic dispositions in his analysis and elaborated his thoughts in dialectic form, Aristotle, in contrast, embraced freedom of choice and diversity (pluralism) and articulated the importance of contingent particularity of historical experiences.

Who taught Aristotle?

Who were Aristotle’s teachers and students? Aristotle’s most famous teacher was Plato (c. 428–c. 348 BCE), who himself had been a student of Socrates (c.

Who is Socrates talking to in the Republic?

Book I. Socrates and Glaucon visit the Piraeus to attend a festival in honor of the Thracian goddess Bendis (327a). They are led to Polemarchus’ house (328b). Socrates speaks to Cephalus about old age, the benefits of being wealthy, and justice (328e-331d).

What does Socrates say about justice in the Republic?

Socrates seeks to define justice as one of the cardinal human virtues, and he understands the virtues as states of the soul. So his account of what justice is depends upon his account of the human soul. According to the Republic, every human soul has three parts: reason, spirit, and appetite.

Who is Socrates philosophy?

Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

Who wrote the famous book the political system?

David Easton

Who wrote the famous book political Theory?

A History of Political Theory

who wrote the republic in ancient greece

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