why do climates vary

There are differences in climate around the world because of differing amounts of radiation received from the Sun at different parts of the Earth at different times of the year. More heat from the Sun is received near the equator than near the north and south poles where the angle of the Sun’s rays is lower.

How is weather different from climate?

Weather refers to short term atmospheric conditions while climate is the weather of a specific region averaged over a long period of time. Climate change refers to long-term changes.

Why different countries have different seasons?

The cycle of seasons is caused by Earth’s tilt toward the sun. The planet rotates around an (invisible) axis. At different times during the year, the northern or southern axis is closer to the sun. … At other locations in Earth’s annual journey, the axis is not tilted toward or away from the sun.

Why do different areas have different climates from influences of weather and climate?

Climate is what the weather is normally like in your city. For example, Houston has a humid climate, and Seattle has a wet climate. Many factors, such as elevation, ocean currents, distance from the sea, and prevailing winds, can affect the climate of an area.

What are the 3 differences between weather and climate?

The climate of a country or zone includes the long-term average atmospheric conditions. Thus, the climate is average weather information observed over decades. 3. The atmospheric elements of weather are air pressure, humidity, wind, temperature, rain, cloudiness, storms, snow, precipitation, etc.

How is climate different from weather class 9?

Weather is day-to-day information of the changes in the atmospheric condition in any area. Climate is statistical weather information that provides information about the average weather condition of a particular place over a long period. The changes in the weather condition can be observed very frequently.

What are the five factors that affect the climate?

Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude, Altitude, relief, currents and winds and distance from the sea.

Why do seasons change?

The earth’s spin axis is tilted with respect to its orbital plane. This is what causes the seasons. When the earth’s axis points towards the sun, it is summer for that hemisphere. … Midway between these two times, in spring and autumn, the spin axis of the earth points 90 degrees away from the sun.

Which country has all 4 seasons?

TEHRAN (Tasnim) – Iran is one of the only countries in the world which has the complete four seasons.Oct 3, 2016

What part of the world has no seasons?

This is the second time I’ve lived in Colombia. The second time I’ve lived in a world of “no seasons.” Because of Colombia’s latitude and longitude (in other words–it’s closeness to the equator) there is VERY little, if any, change in temperature throughout the year.

Why do different regions of the contiguous US have different climates?

The climate of the United States varies due to changes in latitude, and a range of geographic features, including mountains and deserts. Generally, on the mainland, the climate of the U.S. becomes warmer the further south one travels, and drier the further west, until one reaches the West Coast.

How do continents affect climate?

Continental motion via the movement of tectonic plates can affect earth’s climate by changing the sizes and locations of both land masses and ice caps, and by altering ocean circulation patterns, which are responsible for transporting heat around the earth, which in turn affect atmospheric circulation processes.

What are the factors that affect climate change?

Geological records show that there have been a number of large variations in the Earth’s climate. These have been caused by many natural factors, including changes in the sun, emissions from volcanoes, variations in Earth’s orbit and levels of carbon dioxide (CO2).

How does temperature vary from place?

Answer: the temperature may vary from one place to another because of their location on map/globe. If they are near equator they may have hot and humid type of climate and if they goes more toward poles the place is not as hot as compared to the equator one.

How is climate different from weather explain with the help of an example?

Weather reflects short-term conditions of the atmosphere while climate is the average daily weather for an extended period of time at a certain location. … Weather is what you see outside on any particular day. So, for example, it may be 75° degrees and sunny or it could be 20° degrees with heavy snow.

Are weather and climate synonymous terms?

Weather is what conditions of the atmosphere are over a short period of time, and climate is how the atmosphere “behaves” over relatively long periods of time. … In addition to long-term climate change, there are shorter term climate variations.

What are the differences between weather and climate class 7?

Weather is a short period atmospheric condition which may fluctuate by time-to-time. … The climate is the long term observances of the atmospheric situations at any area like humidity, temperature, the sunshine, wind, etc.

What are the 3 differences between weather and climate class 9?

The weather is affected by changes in atmospheric conditions. Weather has little affect on the occupation of the people (agriculture, industries and transport, etc.). Climate is a long term atmospheric condition. The climate is affected by observation of changes in atmospheric conditions for a long time.

What is the difference between weather and climate ks2?

Weather refers to the short-term conditions of the atmosphere, i.e. the specific weather conditions being experienced at one moment in time, while climate refers to the average weather patterns and conditions of a place over an extended period of time.

What are the 3 main factors that affect climate?

3.1 Factors affecting climate

  • distance from the sea.
  • ocean currents.
  • direction of prevailing winds.
  • shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
  • distance from the equator.
  • the El Niño phenomenon.

What are two main causes of climate?

The leading cause of climate change is human activity and the release of greenhouse gases. However, there are lots of natural causes that also lead to changes in the climate system. Natural cycles can cause the climate to alternate between warming and cooling.

What would have happened if the Earth did not rotate?

At the Equator, the earth’s rotational motion is at its fastest, about a thousand miles an hour. If that motion suddenly stopped, the momentum would send things flying eastward. Moving rocks and oceans would trigger earthquakes and tsunamis. The still-moving atmosphere would scour landscapes.

What if the Earth had no tilt?

If earth did not tilt and orbited in an upright position around the sun, there would be minor variations in temperatures and precipitation throughout each year as Earth moves slightly closer and farther away from the sun. … Earth would be warm at the equator and cold at the poles.

What are two things responsible for the change of seasons?

Remind students that the two reasons seasons occur are the tilt of a planet’s axis and its orbit around the sun.

Which country has 6 seasons in a year?

Why Bangladesh Has Six Seasons Instead Of Four. The seasons are determined by more than just the temps.

Which countries have 5 seasons?

The Five Seasons of Norway – Life in Norway.

Which African country is the coldest?

However, snow definitely isn’t uncommon in the tiny nation of Lesotho, which is completely surrounded by South Africa. It is the only independent state to lie entirely above 4,500 feet in elevation, which helps explain why it’s the coldest country on the African continent.

What country has 1 season?

As we anticipated looking at the changes in the ITCZ, the most apparent equatorial area with minimal contrast between wet and rainy seasons is in northern Brazil/southern Colombia/northeastern Peru. But there are also some lesser areas in northern Congo in Africa and Indonesia in Asia.

Why does Climate vary in different parts of the Earth?


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