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If two tectonic plates collide, they form a convergent plate boundary. Usually, one of the converging plates will move beneath the other, a process known as subduction. … The new magma (molten rock) rises and may erupt violently to form volcanoes, often building arcs of islands along the convergent boundary.
As plates move, they get stuck in places, and enormous amounts of energy build up. When the plates finally get unstuck and move past each other, the energy is released in the form of earthquakes. Earthquakes and volcanoes are common features along tectonic plate boundaries, making these zones geologically very active.
At a conservative plate margin , the plates move past each other or are side by side moving at different speeds. As the plates move, friction occurs and plates become stuck. Pressure builds up because the plates are still trying to move. … There are no volcanoes at a conservative plate margin.
A convergent plate boundary also known as a destructive plate boundary , usually involves an oceanic plate and a continental plate. The plates move towards one another and this movement can cause earthquakes and volcanoes. As the plates collide, the oceanic plate is forced beneath the continental plate.
So, volcanic activity tends to occur along subduction plate boundaries, where one plate slides underneath another. The edges of the Pacific Plate make up a long subduction boundary. There are a huge number of earthquakes along these boundaries, because these are regions where the plates are colliding.
So, mafic lavas are hot , low in silica and volatiles, and have relatively low viscosity. … Their high volatile content makes them potentially highly explosive. Shield Volcanoes. Because mafic lava is low viscosity, when it erupts from a volcano it flows downslope away from the vent, gradually cooling and crystallizing.
There is no formation of volcanoes in the convergence between. 2. When a plate is denser, it subducts toward the mantle and forms magma. … In the converge between a continental and an oceanic plate, there is subduction.
Plates sliding past each other cause friction and heat. Subducting plates melt into the mantle, and diverging plates create new crust material. Subducting plates, where one tectonic plate is being driven under another, are associated with volcanoes and earthquakes.
Why did the distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes help confirm plate tectonic theory? Both earthquakes and volcanoes were distributed randomly. Earthquakes and volcanoes were different along different types of boundaries. Earthquakes and volcanoes were the same along all of the plate boundaries.
A volcano is formed when hot molten rock, ash and gases escape from an opening in the Earth’s surface. The molten rock and ash solidify as they cool, forming the distinctive volcano shape shown here. As a volcano erupts, it spills lava that flows downslope. Hot ash and gases are thrown into the air.
Oceanic crust is created at divergent boundaries, such as the mid-ocean ridge. Oceanic crust is destroyed at convergent boundaries where subduction results in a trench, such as the Mariana Trench or Cayman Trough.]
Constructive plate boundaries are when there are two plates moving apart from each other. They are called constructive plates because when they move apart, magma rises up in the gap– this forms volcanoes and eventually new crust.
At places where convection currents in the mantle are moving upward, new lithosphere forms and the plates move apart (diverge). Where two plates are converging (and the convective flow is downward), one plate will be subducted (pushed down) into the mantle beneath the other.
As the plates move, they spread apart, collide, or slide past each other. Sixty percent of all active volcanoes occur at the boundaries between tectonic plates. Most volcanoes are found along a belt, called the “Ring of Fire” that encircles the Pacific Ocean.
A volcano’s explosiveness depends on the composition of the magma (molten rock) and how readily gas can escape from it. As magma rises and pressure is released, gas bubbles (mainly of water vapor and carbon dioxide) form and expand rapidly, causing explosions.
Why do some volcanic eruptions consist mostly of lava flows, while others are explosive and do not produce flows? Because of its viscosity. If it has high viscosity (felsic) then gas and volatiles cannot escape easily and pressure is built up causing an explosive eruption.
Why are shield volcanoes wider than composite volcanoes? The lava that flows out of shield volcanoes is more fluid than the lava that flows out of composite volcanoes. What type of magma erupts out of dome complexes? … Which of the following gases is most abundant in basaltic lavas?
Why are volcanoes largely absent where two continental blocks collide? The two continental blocks are made of a thick layer of rock, which makes it difficult for magma to get through.
This magma is lighter than the surrounding rock, so it rises up, finding cracks and weakness in the Earth’s crust. When it finally reaches the surface, it erupts out of the ground as lava, ash, volcanic gasses and rock.
Below the Earth’s core there’s a red-hot liquid rock called magma. A volcano is a rupture on the Earth’s crust, which allows lava, ash, and gases to escape, when magma rises to the surface. … Volcanoes can change the weather. They can cause rain, thunder and lightning. They can also have long-term effects on the climate.
The theory of plate tectonics explains most of the features of Earth’s surface. It explains why earthquakes, volcanoes and mountain ranges are where they are. It explains where to find some mineral resources. Plate tectonics is the key that unlocks many of the mysteries of our amazing planet.
Movement in narrow zones along plate boundaries causes most earthquakes. … As the plates move past each other, they sometimes get caught and pressure builds up. When the plates finally give and slip due to the increased pressure, energy is released as seismic waves, causing the ground to shake. This is an earthquake.
Why did the distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes help confirm plate tectonic theory? Earthquakes and volcanoes were different along different types of boundaries.
how do volcanoes form at divergent boundaries
which of the following was formed by volcanoes
volcanoes can be form in tectonic plate boundaries
what type of plate boundary do most volcanoes occur along
how are volcanoes formed by plate tectonics