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Rank Country 2050 1 India 1 639 176 2 China 1 402 4...
Geography is about Earth’s land, water, air, and living things—particularly people. The word comes from the Greek geo, which means “Earth,” and graphy, which means “writing or description.” Physical geographers study landforms, water, soil, and climate. They also study the distribution of living things.
Some grasp of geography is essential as people seek to make sense of the world and understand their place in it. Thinking geographically helps people to be aware of the connections among and between places and to see how important events are shaped by where they take place.
The five themes of geography are location, place, human-environment interaction, movement, and region.
Geography has an incredible influence on how we live. The buildings we build, the food we grow, the clothing we wear, and the kinds of work we do are just a few ways in which geography matters. A settlement near an ocean must take into account tides and sandy coastlines. … Building materials vary.
Whether it is religion or other beliefs, we are influenced by the cultures and regions we are from. … Geography does not only affect where particular religions or belief systems, such as the world’s major faiths, are located but it can affect how specific beliefs are practiced and behaviors that it encourages.
Geographical features like mountains and plains have had equally profound impact on human history. … Geographical attributes such as river, mountains barriers, landforms, climate phenomena are natural foundations upon which the edifices of human history at any time or in any geographical regions are erected.
Why study human geography? … It examines human societies and how they develop, their culture, economy and politics, all within the context of their environment. With the rise of globalisation and climate change, it has become increasingly relevant.
We find that location and climate have large effects on income levels and income growth, through their effects on transport costs, disease burdens, and agricultural productivity, among other channels. Furthermore, geography seems to be a factor in the choice of economic policy itself.
It’s important that we understand how the climate is changing, so that we can prepare for the future. Studying the climate helps us predict how much rain the next winter might bring, or how far sea levels will rise due to warmer sea temperatures.
An increase in the elevation, or altitude, of a land mass also makes for a cooler climate. Increases in altitude mean thinner air, which makes the atmosphere less able to absorb and retain heat. … Surface properties of land masses play a role in how land and climate influence each other.
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