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There is less atmosphere to pass through at the Equator compared to the poles. This means more heat from the sun makes it to the surface of the Earth. The rotation of the Earth means that the Equator faces the sun all year round whereas the poles can be darkness for six months of the year.
Rainforests are located in the equatorial climate region. They are hot and wet all year round – this creates a humid climate. The annual rainfall is high as it rains almost every day. The temperatures are constant all year round – the temperature range is usually only a few degrees.
Climates will change if the factors that influence them fluctuate. To change climate on a global scale, either the amount of heat that is let into the system changes, or the amount of heat that is let out of the system changes. … However, the amount of sunlight let into the system is not always the same.
Lowlands around the equator line commonly have a tropical rainforest climate (or an equatorial climate) which is characterized by high monthly rainfall and hot average temperature year-round. Besides, tropical monsoon climates also take place in some equatorial regions due to cold ocean currents.
Originally Answered: Why is the equatorial region uniformly hot throughout the year? … There are no seasons in equatorial climate. Temperature is high due to sun which is directly above the area. High temperatures evaporates the water so that’s why its humid and it often results in convectional rain.
The air above the Equator is very hot and rises, creating an area of low pressure. The Equator experiences high amounts of rainfall due to this rising air resulting in a warm and wet equatorial climate (eg the Amazon and Congo tropical rainforests). … This is because sinking air does not result in precipitation.
2- equatorial regions are an area facing the sun. the air is very well heated and can hold a lot of water vapor. When this vapor is cooled by ascent, it gives a lot of rain.
Weather and climate describe the same thing—the state of the atmosphere—but at different time scales. Weather is what you experience when you step outside on any given day. … Climate is the average of the weather patterns in a location over a longer period of time, usually 30 years or more.
Weather refers to short term atmospheric conditions while climate is the weather of a specific region averaged over a long period of time. Climate change refers to long-term changes.
There are differences in climate around the world because of differing amounts of radiation received from the Sun at different parts of the Earth at different times of the year. More heat from the Sun is received near the equator than near the north and south poles where the angle of the Sun’s rays is lower.
Axial Tilt and Sun Energy
The Earth’s axis tilts approximately 23.5° from vertical relative to the plane of the Earth’s orbit around the sun. … The equator, however, receives relatively consistent sunlight all year. The consistency of energy means the equator’s temperature stays relatively constant all year.
Equatorial region, a region of the Earth surrounding the equator. Equatorial Islands, an alternative name for the Line Islands in the central Pacific Ocean. Equatorial Africa, an ambiguous term for part of Africa near the equator. Equatorial Guinea, a country in Central Africa.
If we look at the shape of the earth, the earth is bulging and widest at the equator. Thus the equatorial region received the direct rays of the sun when the sun is overhead unlike the polar regions which receives the slanting rays of the sun. Thus the equatorial region is the hottest on the earth.
A high density of clouds in equatorial regions is one of the reasons why they get plenty of rain every year. … Therefore, air temperature in the tropics (42 degrees Celsius) is greater than that of the Equator (30 degrees Celsius). This is why tropical regions are hotter than the Equator.
The equator receives direct rays of the Sun. As the Sun moves away from the equator, the rays of the Sun become slanted (indirect rays). Because the direct rays of the Sun give more heat than the slanting rays, the equatorial regions are hot and the high latitude regions are cool.
Location of Equatorial Climate:
Equatorial type of climate, also known as tropical rainforest wet climate or simply Af climate, is located up to 5° to 10° latitudes on either side of the equator (fig. 39.1) but at some places it extends up to 15°-25° latitudes mainly along the eastern margins of the continents.
The equatorial, hot, wet climate is found between 5° and 10° north and south of the equator. Its greatest extent is found in the lowlands of the Amazon, the Congo, Malaysia and the East Indies.
Convectional rainfall occurs in equatorial region. Because, The convectional rainfall is occured due to the emission of significant amount of solar heat energy which causes high amount of land water vaporization.
How do both relate to the science of meteorology? The difference between weather and climate is a measure of time. Weather is what conditions of the atmosphere are over a short period of time, and climate is how the atmosphere “behaves” over relatively long periods of time. They both study the atmosphere.
A climate is the average weather in a given area over a period of time.
Write the difference between weather and climate.
|Weather is affected by temperature, pressure, humidity, cloudiness||Atmospheric conditions at any location like humidity, temperature, the sunshine, wind, etc are affected by climate|
Weather includes the short-term changes of the atmospheric conditions, while climate is the observation of weather for a longer-term.
Differences Between Weather and Climate in Tabular Form.
|5.||Weather conditions change very frequently.||Climate conditions change over a long period.|
Same weather everywhere would mean no flow of wind or very slow flow of wind, perhaps no movement in the oceans and may be no rains etc. Change and heterogeneity is the law of nature.
Weather is short-term changes in the atmosphere, such as changes in temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind, and precipitation. Climate is the average weather pattern of an area over a long period.
The temperature in a certain place is influenced by four main factors. … Other factors include the location’s proximity to a body of water, the temperature of ocean currents if the location is near the coast, and the location’s elevation above sea level.
The different kinds of weather you might experience in these regions are caused by moving patterns in the Earth’s atmospheric and oceanic circulation, unequal heating of the Earth, and the rotation of the Earth on its tilted axis.
Daily air temperatures at Earth’s surface are controlled by the incoming and outgoing energy. During the day, the air temperature increases as energy gains exceed the energy lost from Earth’s surface. Throughout the night, the air temperature decreases as Earth’s surface loses more energy than it receives.
A tropical climate is also known as ‘equatorial’, because places found on or close to the Equator are typically tropical: they’re warm and wet. … Large areas of South America, Africa and Asia, located between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, have a tropical climate.
During the summer, the sun’s rays hit the Earth at a steep angle. … Also, the long daylight hours allow the Earth plenty of time to reach warm temperatures. During the winter, the sun’s rays hit the Earth at a shallow angle. These rays are more spread out, which minimizes the amount of energy that hits any given spot.
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