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On October 30, 1967, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Rev. Ralph Abernathy were arrested and forced to begin serving sentences in Birmingham jail because they led peaceful protests against unconstitutional bans on race mixing in Birmingham in 1963.
King had been pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, slightly more than a year when the city’s small group of civil rights advocates decided to contest racial segregation on that city’s public bus system following the incident on December 1, 1955, in which Rosa Parks, an African American …
Many Black residents chose simply to walk to work or other destinations. Black leaders organized regular mass meetings to keep African American residents mobilized around the boycott.
King was arrested in 1963 for protesting the treatment of blacks in Birmingham.
Martin Luther King Jr. was jailed 30 times, including once in 1956 when he was arrested, fingerprinted, and booked for allegedly driving 30 mph in a 25 mph zone.
King paid a $25 fine that September to settle the false charge of driving without a license, but said he wasn’t aware that he was put on probation, threatening prison if he broke any laws. … Oscar Mitchell sentence King to four months, even though King’s Alabama license was valid until 1962.
“You must never be fearful about what you are doing when it is right.” “Each person must live their life as a model for others.” “I would like to be remembered as a person who wanted to be free…so other people would also be free.” “I knew someone had to take the first step and I made up my mind not to move.”
driver James Blake
When Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat in 1955, it wasn’t the first time she’d clashed with driver James Blake. Parks stepped onto his very crowded bus on a chilly day 12 years earlier, paid her fare at the front, then resisted the rule in place for Black people to disembark and re-enter through the back door.Jan 12, 2021
“I am leaving this legacy to all of you … to bring peace, justice, equality, love and a fulfillment of what our lives should be. Without vision, the people will perish, and without courage and inspiration, dreams will die – the dream of freedom and peace.”
Sixty years ago Tuesday, a bespectacled African American seamstress who was bone weary of the racial oppression in which she had been steeped her whole life, told a Montgomery bus driver, “No.” He had ordered her to give up seat so white riders could sit down.
Rosa Parks spent only a couple of hours in jail. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for violating a Montgomery segregation code when she…
From the Birmingham jail, where he was imprisoned as a participant in nonviolent demonstrations against segregation, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., wrote in longhand the letter which follows. It was his response to a public statement of concern and caution issued by eight white religious leaders of the South.
Why did the police decide to let King go early and not make him pay bail? Because of the crowd of King’s supporters outside the jail. Why does King say that, “Nonviolence had won its first and second test”‘ after his home and E.D. Nixon’s were attacked?
Letter from Birmingham Jail/Authors
Martin Luther King Jr. began writing his “Letter From Birmingham Jail,” directed at eight Alabama clergy who were considered moderate religious leaders. On April 12, 1963, those eight clergy asked King to delay civil rights demonstrations in Birmingham.Apr 21, 2018
Greensboro sit-in, act of nonviolent protest against a segregated lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, that began on February 1, 1960. Its success led to a wider sit-in movement, organized primarily by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), that spread throughout the South.
Answer: Many black residents chose simply to walk to work or other destinations. Black leaders organized regular mass meetings to keep African American residents mobilized around the boycott.
Best-known for refusing to relinquish her seat on a segregated bus in 1955, resulting in the bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks reportedly spoke these words during a 1998 conversation with Courtland Milloy, as recalled in his 2005 Washington Post article “She Sat Down and Taught Us to Stand Up.”
October 24, 2005
Over 70% of the cities bus patrons were African American and the one-day boycott was 90% effective. The MIA elected as their president a new but charismatic preacher, Martin Luther King Jr. Under his leadership, the boycott continued with astonishing success.
|James F. Blake|
|Occupation||Bus driver (1943–1974)|
|Employer||Montgomery City Bus Lines|
|Known for||Bus driver defied by Rosa Parks after he ordered her to give up her seat – eventually leading to the Montgomery bus boycott|