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The Section 9 of the General Provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Texas, ratified in 1836, made slavery legal again in Texas and defined the status of the enslaved and people of color in the Republic of Texas.
At least 2 million Africans–10 to 15 percent–died during the infamous “Middle Passage” across the Atlantic. Another 15 to 30 percent died during the march to or confinement along the coast. Altogether, for every 100 slaves who reached the New World, another 40 had died in Africa or during the Middle Passage.
Fact: According to Tubman’s own words, and extensive documentation on her rescue missions, we know that she rescued about 70 people—family and friends—during approximately 13 trips to Maryland.
Slavery was abolished in Ohio in 1802 by the state’s original constitution. But at the same time, Ohio, with slave-state Kentucky across the Ohio River, took the lead in aggressively barring black immigration.
March 1, 1803
Although legally Ohio became the 17th state with the February 19, 1803 act of Congress, Ohio statehood is celebrated on March 1. The date of March 1, 1803 was when the Ohio legislature met for the first time. This was retroactively made the statehood date by a 1953 Resolution of the United States Congress.
During the American Civil War, the State of Ohio played a key role in providing troops, military officers, and supplies to the Union army. … Ohio played an important part in the Underground Railroad prior to the war, and remained a haven for escaped and runaway slaves during the war years.
During the American Civil War, the State of Ohio provided the United States government with more than 260 regiments of men. A total of 310,654 Ohioans served in the Northern army for varying lengths of time. Ohio men fought in every major battle of the war. Ohioans contributed greatly to the Northern victory.
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