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Colonial Americans were primarily farmers. Every family was expected to be self-sufficient—capable of growing crops and raising livestock for food. In addition, they spun their own thread and wool to make their clothes. They often made their own soap and candles.
Logging, shipbuilding, textiles production, and papermaking were also important in the Middle Colonies.
The Southern economy was almost entirely based on farming. Rice, indigo, tobacco, sugarcane, and cotton were cash crops. Crops were grown on large plantations where slaves and indentured servants worked the land. In fact, Charleston, South Carolina became one of the centers of the American slave trade in the 1700’s.
The North wanted to block the spread of slavery. They were also concerned that an extra slave state would give the South a political advantage. The South thought new states should be free to allow slavery if they wanted. as furious they did not want slavery to spread and the North to have an advantage in the US senate.
The North and South both had lots of characteristics that were similar such as discrimination against African Americans, reliance on cotton, and the growth of factories in some large cities. The North and South also had a lot of differences such as their transportation, geography, and economical growth.
The North had geographic advantages, too. It had more farms than the South to provide food for troops. Its land contained most of the country’s iron, coal, copper, and gold. The North controlled the seas, and its 21,000 miles of railroad track allowed troops and supplies to be transported wherever they were needed.
The North was more industrial while the South was more agricultural. This difference played out heavily in the US Civil War – while the South was better led, constant shortages of weapons and equipment, along with blockades of ports to prevent supplies from coming in, led ultimately to the South losing the war.
The South was an agrarian economy based on slavery, while the North in this period was developing its industrial base. … Nevertheless, the North had far more middle class people than the South, where people were usually either rich or poor. In the South, the gulf between black and white was almost impassable.
The North was anti- slavery while the South was pro-slavery during and before the war. 2. The North was more densely populated than the rural South. … The North had more resources in terms of money, men and supplies than the South.
President Abraham Lincoln
In 1780, Pennsylvania became the first state to abolish slavery when it adopted a statute that provided for the freedom of every slave born after its enactment (once that individual reached the age of majority). Massachusetts was the first to abolish slavery outright, doing so by judicial decree in 1783.
The war began because a compromise did not exist that could solve the difference between the free and slave states regarding the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in territories that had not yet become states.
The middles colonies had rich farmland and a moderate climate. This made it a more suitable place to grow grain and livestock than New England. The Southern colonies had fertile farmlands which contributed to the rise of cash crops such as rice, tobacco, and indigo.
No northern or middle colony was without its slaves. From Puritan Massachusetts to Quaker Pennsylvania, Africans lived in bondage. Economics and geography did not promote the need for slave importation like the plantation South. Consequently, the slave population remained small compared to their southern neighbors.
As the other educator states, the experience of slaves in New England and the southern colonies differed because the economies of the two regions were vastly different. … The lack of large slave communities in the north meant that slaves there typically had little interaction with other slaves.
During the first half of the nineteenth century, demand for cotton led to the expansion of plantation slavery. By 1850, enslaved people were growing cotton from South Carolina to Texas.
|Prior to 1850, what was the primary reason that the North developed an economy increasingly based on manufacturing while the South continued to rely more on an agricultural-based economy?||D. Geographic conditions supported different types of economic activity|
Slaves were more profitable than indentured servants because they were permanent possessions of their masters. Slave owners always treated their slaves properly, providing them with adequate food, clothing, and shelter. More emancipation societies existed in the South than in the North before 1830.
These enslaved people were part of a capitalist economic system we call the plantation system, in which they were forced to work, without pay, in terrible conditions, in order to generate profits for people who legally owned them.